Tsoffin marubutan Rasha uku na hanyar juyin juya hali

Kadan ya rage ga bikin karni daya daga cikin mahimman abubuwan da suka faru a karnin da ya gabata. Da Juyin juya halin Oktoba na 1917 a Rasha an sanya shi alama a cikin tarihin ɗan adam. Lokaci ne mai kyau don sake duba wasu daga cikin manyan sunaye na adabi na musamman na Rasha. Don haka za mu je gaban, zuwa ga Karni na XNUMX, inda masu bada labari suke so Pushkin, Afanásiev ko Chekhov koyaushe sun cancanci kallo.

Alexander Pushkin - Yar kyaftin

Mawaki, marubucin wasan kwaikwayo da marubuta, ana ɗaukar Pushkin a matsayin wanda ya kafa adabin Rasha na zamani. An tsara aikinsa a cikin motsa motsa jiki. Ya kuma kasance majagaba a cikin amfani da yare a cikin ayyukansa kuma salon sa yana haɗuwa wasan kwaikwayo, soyayya da raha.

Yar kyaftin Yana da littafin tarihi, kodayake ya faɗi kusan abubuwan zamanin Pushkin. An dauke shi azaman ɗayan mafi kyau a cikin adabin Rasha. An buga shi a asali 1836 a fitowa ta huɗu ta mujallar adabi Zamani y ya faɗi a cikin almara, ainihin tawayen Pugachov ya faru tsakanin 1773 da 1774.

Wadanda suka taka rawa sune Piotr Grinov da Maria Ivanovna, waɗanda labarin labarin soyayya ya bi ta wasu canje-canje, daga Tawayen Pugachev zuwa ƙarshenta, tare da Empress Catherine akan kursiyin. Sieges, gwagwarmaya, abota da cin amana, abokan gaba waɗanda daga baya suka zama abokai kuma akasin haka, duels da ceto. Amma sama da duk wannan labarin soyayyar da take zuwa a ƙarshe.

Alexander Afanasiev - Labaran Rasha da aka hana

Afanásiev (1826-1871) kuma an san shi da "Grimm na Rasha". Mai yiyuwa ne wannan tarin labari shine, kusa da wanda byan uwan ​​Grimm suka yi, mafi tsayi shine. Koyaya, abubuwan da ke ciki ba komai bane kamar rubutun Grimm.

da Labaran Rasha da aka hana Ofan gajerun labarai ne wanda marubucin ya tattara daga labarin ofan tsaka tsaki da loweran aji na ƙarni na XNUMX a Rasha. Ya haɗa da gajerun labaran Rasha, Ukrainian da Belarus kuma an fara buga shi tsakanin 1855 da 1863. An buga kwafin farko a Geneva a cikin 1872, shekara guda bayan mutuwar marubucin.

Wadannan labaran na abubuwan da ke tattare da eschatological da kuma karin batsa fiye da na batsa, suma suna da abin dariya da kuma adawa da aikin jarida, wanda ke nufin cewa aikin ya kasance tantancewa a cikin tsarist Russia. Wasu labaran (tare da karin take) waɗanda ya ƙunsa sune: Matar da kai Thearfashi da ƙuma, Farji da jaki, Wanke jaki!, Auren wawa, cockan zafin nama, Haɗuwa ta farko da saurayi da budurwa, Yarinyar da ke cike da farin ciki, Labarin firist ɗin da ya haifa ɗan maraƙi, Dumi ni! Da haka har Labari 78.

Anton Chekhov - Labaran farko

Chekhov yayi la'akari babban malamin tatsuniya na Rasha. Ya kasance likita, marubuci kuma marubucin wasan kwaikwayo kuma an haɗa shi a cikin karin halin halin kirki na zahiri da dabi'ar halitta. Ya mamaye gajeren labari kamar kowa kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin mahimmancin ba marubutan Rasha kawai na karni na XNUMX ba.

Tun 1879 Chekhov yayi karatun likita a Jami'ar Moscow. Ya kasance lokacin da ya fara hada hannu wajen rubuce-rubuce a cikin mujallu daban-daban. Ya kuma zana waɗannan labaran farko, wanda ya bayyana a cikin jaridar Oskolki, Jaridar St. Petersburg. Chejov ya mutu a ranar 15 ga Yuli, 1904 a cikin gidan shakatawar Jamusawa na Badenweiler daga tarin fuka yana da shekara 44.

A kowane ɗayan waɗannan labaran zaku iya ganin wannan masaniyar a ciki nuances na motsa rai da kuma cikin halayyar halayya. Ya zabi wani m hanya a cikin matani, waxanda suke cike da saukin kai da walwala. Labarunsa, masu haske da sauri a cikin sautin, suna sa mu murmushi. Amma idan muka gama karantawa sai wannan abin dariya ya zama abin firgita idan muka fahimci cewa mun kuma ga wata masifa ta halin mutum.

Wasu taken daga cikin labaran sune: (1883) Madubi mai lankwasa, Murna, Sadakin, 'Yar Albion, Kirarin, A cikin teku (labarin wani mai jirgin ruwa), A shawara. (1884) Da ado. Mawaƙa, Yin tiyata, Tun daga kwanon soya zuwa wuta. (1885) Kayan Kaptin, Gawar, Mafarauta, Marubuci, Madubi, Kare Mai Tsada.


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