Marubutan da ba su ci kyautar Nobel ta Adabi ba

Marubutan da ba su ci kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi ba

A cikin shekara wacce kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi an dakatar da ita a cikin shekaru 117 na halin tafiya, sake nazarin tarihin ɗayan kyaututtuka mafi girma a cikin haruffa ya sanya mu ceto wadannan masu biyowa marubutan da ba su ci kyautar Nobel ta Adabi ba. Marubutan da duk da irin gagarumar nasarar da suka samu da kuma nasarar da jama'a suka samu a duk lokacin da suke aiki sun kasance 'yan takara na har abada ga wuraren waha.

Haruki Murakami

Waɗannan marubutan da ba su taɓa samun kyautar Nobel ta Adabi ba ana kiran su «batattun nobels«. Wani zane wanda Jafananci Haruki Murakami shine babban wakili. Dan takarar madawwami don kyautar Kwalejin Sweden da sunan da ke bayyana kowace shekara a cikin tafkunan, marubucin Tokyo Blues da Kafka a gaɓar teku wasu marubutan asalin kasar Japan sun mamaye in da suka lashe kyautar Nobel kamar su Kazuo Ishiguro. Daga cikin dalilan da ya sa aka hana Murakami lambar yabo, akwai ra'ayoyi daban-daban, gami da matsayin wanda ya fi kowa siyarwa wanda ayyukansa suka cimma da kuma karancin abin da kwalejin ta fi so, ko kuma halin adabin da wasu masu suka suka nuna a farkonsa. zuwa salo mai sauki. Duk da haka, mun amince da hakan shahararren marubuci dan kasar Japan a duniya lashe lambar yabo wata rana.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o

Hakkin rubutu a yarenku

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, a lokacin ɗayan laccar da yake gabatarwa.

A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, wani mawallafi da ke maimaitaka a cikin tafkunan don kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi shi ne Thiong'o, marubucin asalin ƙasar Kenya wanda kare al'adun mutanen Kikuyu, wasan kwaikwayon sa, yaren sa da adabin sa ta fuskar danniyar masu mulkin mallaka. Marubucin ayyuka wanda tuni ya kasance wani ɓangare na tarihin zamani na Afirka kamar Kwayar alkama ko talifin da aka ba da shawarar Lalata hankali, wannan marubucin da aka yi hijira daga ƙasarsa yakamata ya zama gwarzon mai yabo saboda aikinsa na mai ba da shawara da murya ga baƙar fata. Har yanzu ba a san dalilan ba.

Jorge Luis Borges

Idan akwai wani marubucin Latin Amurka wanda ya cancanci kyautar Nobel, to Jorge Luis Borges ne. Wanda ya yi karin magana wanda har abada zai canza yanayin adabin karni na XNUMXBorges ya yi kama da dan takara tsawon shekaru biyu kafin rasuwarsa a 1986 ba tare da kasancewa mai nasara ba. A hakikanin gaskiya, shekarar da sunansa ya kara karfi shi ne 1976, kodayake ganawarsa da Pinochet a ranar 22 ga Satumba ya yi watsi da shi baki ɗaya. Reasonaya daga cikin dalilan da za a yi tunanin cewa, kamar yadda ya faru da marubucin The Aleph, sauran marubutan ba su karɓi kyautar don dalilai na siyasa ba.

Virginia Woolf

Memba a cikin zaɓaɓɓiyar adabin Landan na 20s kuma ɗayan mata waɗanda suka taimaka hadewar mata A cikin yankuna daban-daban na jama'a, Virginia Woolf dole ne ta keta ta a lokacin da machismo ya mamaye komai. A hakikanin gaskiya, rashin iya rubutu da mace a cikin duniyar da maza suka mamaye shi ne babban taken shahararren labarinsa Roomakin nasa, wani aiki wanda za'a sake gano shi a cikin shekaru 70 yayin motsin mata. Marubucin ayyuka kamar yadda mashahuri yake Uwargida Dalloway ko A Haske, Woolf ta tsallake makarantar ta Academy a dai-dai lokacin da duniya tayi kamar ba ta shirya don sakawa mace marubuta ba.

Franz Kafka

Marubucin asalin yahudawa yana ɗaya daga mafi tasiri a cikin adabin karni na XNUMX ta hanyar ƙirƙirar labarai na ban mamaki, kwata-kwata daga abin da aka ɗauka ya zuwa yanzu. Marubucin littattafan The Trial, The Castle, The bace da kuma shahararren MetamorphosisKafka bai taba cin kyautar Nobel ta Adabi ba, a cewar masana, don hangen nesan adabi wanda har yanzu kwalejin ba ta shirya shi ba. Koyaya, lokaci ya tabbatar da marubucin wanda tasirin sa akan jargon yanzu da ayyukan adabin sa gaba daya abin faɗi ne.

Leo Tolstoy

Leon Tolstoy

Sun faɗi haka a lokacin bikin kyautar Nobel ta farko a cikin Adabi a cikin 1901, dan kasar Rasha Leon Tolstoy ya yi kara kamar babban dan takarar da ya lashe kyautar. Koyaya, daga ƙarshe ya faɗi ga mawaƙin Faransa Sully Prudhome. Shekaru bayan haka, bayan wallafa wani littafi da wata malama Kjell Espmarkse ta kasar Sweden ta yi wanda ya bayyana dalilan da suka sa aka ba shi kyautar, an gano cewa Kwalejin ta ki ba shi kyautar, la’akari da aikinsa a matsayin “tinkarar al’ada” haka nan kamar yadda ya saba wa al'ada. Coci da Jiha. A kin amincewa da cewa marubucin Yaki da zaman lafiya Ya zo ya yi godiya, yana mai iƙirarin cewa "ya gwammace ya karɓi kuɗin da yake cike da mugunta."

James Joyce

James Joyce

A cewar Gabriel García Márquez, James Joyce shine marubuci mafi tasiri a karni na XNUMX saboda dalilai da yawa. Amma babban shine ikon sa daidaita wani tsari kamar na Homer's Odyssey zuwa 1910s Dublin ba da labari mai kayatarwa kuma watakila ma mai wuce haddi ne don lokacinta. A zahiri, kamar yadda wannan masanin kimiyya Kjell Espmark ya ambata, "ba a shirya Makarantar don wannan sabon nau'in adabin ba, yana mai dogaro da wasiƙun gargajiya." Mentor na wani ƙarni wanda har yanzu ke murna da shahararren Ranar Litinin Kowace Yuni 16, Joyce na ɗaya daga cikin manyan abubuwan da kwamitin kyautar Nobel ya manta da shi.

Julio Cortazar

Julio Cortázar, marubucin Hopscotch

Baya ga ainihin abin da ake kira "bunƙasar Latin Amurka" da ake tsammani a cikin shekarun 60s, Julio Cortázar marubuci ne wanda ya kawo sauyi a salon da kuma yadda ake bayar da labarai. Misali, aikinsa ya rage Rayuela, wanda ya kasance ƙalubale ga masu karatu na lokacinsa (da na yau). A lokacin, an tambayi marubucin ko zai so ya sami lambar yabo ta Nobel ta Adabi, inda Cortázar ya amsa da "Ee, Ina so in samu don ta yi amfani da shi a matsayin makamin siyasa a kan wadancan marubutan Latin Amurkawa da suka sayar da kansu ga fasikanci . " Dalilan da suka sa bai taba lashe Nobel ba bayyane yake ba, amma muna da tabbacin cewa Kwalejin ba ta son su marubutan haka siyasa ba daidai ba kamar Cortázar.

Shin kuna ganin wadannan marubutan da basu ci kyautar Nobel a adabi ba sun cancanci kyautar? Waɗanne sauran marubutan za ku haɗa?

 

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

2 comments, bar naka

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Sandra m

    Wani wanda ya kamata ya kuma karɓi kyautar Nobel shi ne Juan Rulfo.

  2.   Migel Dulillari m

    Tolstoy, kafka, xhojsi da gaske ya cancanci hakan. Ina mai nadama akan son zuciya akan su!