Marubutan da suka shiga yankin jama'a a cikin wannan shekara ta 2017

 

Federico García Lorca, Ramón María del Valle-Inclán da HG Wells.

Ranar 1 ga Janairun da ta gabata ita ce Ranar Yankin Jama'a, wato, da hakkin mallaka da yawa marubuta suna da 'yanci. Muna tuna hakan Hakkin mallaka, A cikin kalmomin shari'a, sune haƙƙin masu halitta akan ayyukansu adabi da fasaha. Waɗannan suna daga littattafai, kiɗa, zane-zane, sassaka, da fina-finai zuwa shirye-shiryen kwamfuta, rumbunan adana bayanai, tallace-tallace, taswira, da zane-zanen fasaha. A wannan shekara akwai sunaye da yawa waɗanda suka shiga wannan jerin.

Hakkin mallaka

Lokacin da aiki ya zama na yankin jama'a, 'yancin ku na tattalin arziki ya kare kuma kuna iya amfani da shi kyauta. Duk da haka, ana kiyaye haƙƙin ɗabi'a. Waɗannan su ne waɗanda suka shafi amincewar marubuci. Suna kiyaye mutuncin su don haka babu wani gyare-gyare ko wasu ayyukan ƙirar.

Kowace ƙasa tana da dokoki daban-daban akan hakkin mallaka. A Spain, Dokar mallakar mallakar fasaha ta 1987 tana nan har zuwa 1879. Kalmar da aka saita ita ce tamanin shekaru "daga 1 ga watan Janairun shekarar da ta biyo bayan mutuwa ko sanarwar mutuwa." Wannan batun yana da ɗan rikici, musamman ga batun marubutan da aka kashe a lokacin Yaƙin Basasa. Misali, Federico García Lorca ya kasance a 1936, amma ba a yi rajistar mutuwarsa a hukumance ba sai 1940.

Marubuta masu shiga yankin jama'a

Tare da doka ta yanzu ta 1987 (kodayake yana da ɗan gajeren lokaci yanzu), wannan lokacin ya daidaita da na sauran ƙasashe kuma ya kasance shekara saba'in maimakon tamanin. Don haka tun daga ranar 1 ga Janairun wannan shekara akwai sabbin jerin marubuta da ke shigowa cikin jama'a.

Daga cikinsu akwai wadanda muka ambata Lorca, Ramiro de Maeztu, Ramón María del Valle-Inclán, Pedro Muñoz Seca ko Miguel de Unamuno, duk sun mutu a 1936. The Laburaren Kasa Ya buga dogon jerin tare da wasu Suna 374. Hakanan ya sanya ingantaccen ɓangare na aikin waɗannan marubutan kuma ana samun su a fili akan gidan yanar gizon ta.

Wannan game da marubutan Spain. Daga cikin marubutan duniya, sunaye kamar marubuci da mawaki sun yi fice Gertrude Stein, marubuci, mawaki kuma mawallafi André Breton, Jarumin wasan kwaikwayo da marubuta Gerhart Hauptman ne adam wata, a yau wanda aka manta da shi ya lashe kyautar Nobel ta Adabi a shekarar 1912; da kuma marubucin litattafan Burtaniya kuma masanin tarihi HG Wells, marubucin Lokacin inji o Yaƙin Duniya.


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