Martian, na Andy Weir

Martian.

Martian.

Labari ne na almara na kimiyya wanda ɗan'uwanmu masanin software kuma masanin kwamfuta, Andy Weir ya rubuta. Martian tana samar da ingantaccen karatu, duk da wadatattun bayanan kimiyya da ake gabatarwa a yawancin shafuka 400. Makircin ya ta'allaka ne kan injiniyan tsirrai da injiniyan injiniya, Mark Watney, daya daga cikin mutane shida na farko da suka taka a saman duniyar Mars a tarihin mutum. Karanta wannan littafin yana tuna, kusan nan da nan, mashahurin HG Wells.

Lokacin da aka fara ba da labarin, jarumin ya tabbata cewa shi ne mutum na farko da zai mutu a can, a duniyar Mars.. Wannan bayan sahabbansa sun watsar da shi (waɗanda suka gaskata shi ya mutu) saboda tsananin hadari mai ƙarfi. Koyaya, mummunan hangen nesa ya kasa karya nufin Watney. Godiya ga yawan ƙarfin halinsa, mai hankali da barkwanci, halayen yana sarrafawa don ƙirƙirar damar da za a iya rayuwa. Wannan ingantaccen karatun ne ga matasa, duka don makircin sa da kuma manyan saitunan sa.

Sobre el autor

An haifi Andrew Taylor Weir a Davis, California, Amurka, a ranar 16 ga Yuni, 1942. Tun yana karami ya nuna bajintarsa ​​a matsayin mai shirye-shiryen kwamfuta. Yayi karatun kimiyyar kwamfuta a Jami'ar California (San Diego) kuma a lokacin samartakarsa ya yi aiki da manyan kamfanoni kamar AOL ko Blizzard, da sauransu. A cikin layi daya, ya haɓaka sha'awar rubutu, kamar yadda yake bayyane ta hanyar wallafe-wallafen a kan shafin yanar gizon sa.

Martian shine littafinsa na farko. An buga shi ne da kansa a cikin tsarin isarwa (salon blog) yayin 2011. Bayan gyare-gyare da yawa - kusan duk ya dogara da shawarwarin kasuwanci - marubucin ya sayar da haƙƙoƙin toab'in wnabiya. Wannan kamfani ne ke da alhakin sake bugawa da rarrabawa (cikin Turanci) har zuwa shekarar 2014. A waccan shekarar ce aka ƙaddamar da sigar Sifaniyanci a ƙarƙashin alamar Ediciones B-Nova.

Mafi yawan sake dubawa a kusa Martian sun kasance tabbatacce tabbatacce. Bugu da kari, shaharar taken ya karu sosai saboda karbuwarsa zuwa babban allon, wanda Ridley Scott ya jagoranta, daga rubutun Drew Goddard da manyan masu zane-zane na duniya kamar Matt Damon a cikin rawar Mark Watney gaban Jessica Chastain. wakiltar Kwamanda Lewis, da sauransu.

Andy Weir ne adam wata

Andy Weir ne adam wata

Taƙaitaccen bayanin Martian, na Andy Weir

Farawa mai wahala da wahala

Duk yana farawa ne tare da jarumin cikin haɗarin mutuwa kuma an bar shi a buɗe.. Lokacin da na'urori masu auna firikwensin da ke jikin karar Mark Watney suka nuna saurin iskar oxygen a tsakiyar hadari mai karfi, sahabbansa da ke cikin aikin Ares 3 (wanda aka fara ba wa Mars a tarihi) ba za su iya taimakonsa ba kuma ana tilasta su su bar shi, sun yi imani cewa ya mutu ... Abin takaici, kuskure ne wanda ba da son rai ba: Watney har yanzu yana raye.

Aikace-aikacen abin da aka koya

Ba tare da daƙiƙa ɗaya ba don ɓatawa, mai buƙatar ya buƙaci da sauri gano yadda za a rufe hattarsa ​​a hankali, wanda eriya ɗaya ta huda shi wanda ya cire shi daga ƙungiyar. Ka shawo kan matsalar, shigar da Shin, tashar da aka tanada don tsayawar mutane na ɗan lokaci a saman duniyar Martian. Amma, dalilan kyakkyawan fata abin dariya ne: wannan shine farkon farkon layin matsaloli da za'a fuskanta.

Dole ne Mark ya zana dukkan ilimin injiniyan sa don ya rayu. kuma don kammala yawancin gyare-gyare masu mahimmanci a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje wanda aka tilasta shi ya kasance fiye da shekara ɗaya da rabi. Bugu da ƙari, horon Watney a matsayin masanin ilimin tsirrai - babban sana'arsa - ya dace sosai a lokacin don ƙirƙirar yanayi don baƙon baƙon al'adu.

Reactivation na haɗin kai tare da ƙasar

Abu na gaba, Alama dole ne ya bayyana ingantacciyar hanyar sadarwa da Duniya.. Bayan aan wata guda da faruwar wannan hatsarin, ma'aikatan NASA sun gano cewa Watney ya sami nasarar rayuwa, amma hakikanin sa yana da matukar wahala (galibi saboda batun abinci, ba tare da ambaton yadda ceton zai kasance a cikin lokaci ba).

Sanarwa ga manema labarai da jama'a na haifar da hayaniyar kafofin watsa labaru wanda zai bi dukkanin aikin daga wannan lokacin zuwa.. A ka'ida, sauran mazaunan Hamisa —Ba a sanar da jirgin da ke kula da jigilar kayayyaki ba - game da rayuwar kuma, saboda haka, yanayin mawuyacin halin abokin tafiyar da suka bari ya mutu.

Ceto

Juyin juyawar ya faru ne lokacin da kwamanda Lewis da sauran membobin hudu na mishan (Vogel, Beck, Johanssen da Martínez) suka fahimci halin da ake ciki. Sannan - a cikin isharar da za a iya fassara a matsayin sadaukarwa da “fansa” - ma'aikatan sun jefa kuri'a gaba daya don aiwatar da rikitarwa na "abokin da aka bari a baya". Suna yin hakan ba tare da la'akari da ko shawarar su na nufin tsawaita tafiyar aƙalla shekara guda ba.

Mabubban layi daya, babban ƙugiya

Arshe ya ƙunshi nasa takamaiman "labaran ciki". Misali, muhimmiyar gudummawar shirin sararin samaniya na kasar Sin, wadanda suka yanke shawarar ajiye wani sirrin shirin domin hada kai ba tare da neman wani abu ba. Amma lokaci ne takaice: Watney ta fili hadari abinci kayayyaki an halaka saboda wani hatsari a Shin.

Nazari da kwatankwacin daidaita fim

Handlingananan kulawa da cikakkun bayanai game da falaki

An maganganu masu mahimmanci game da aikin Weir sun dogara ne akan ɗan ƙaramin tsarin kimiyya daga hangen nesa. Wasu ra'ayoyin ma sun cancanci zama "abin takaici" wannan yanayin littafin kuma, musamman, a fim. Wannan ita ce hujjar abubuwan da masanin tauraron dan adam Beatriz García ya fallasa yayin nazarin ta Martian: game da sinima da kimiyya (Cibiyar sadarwa don Ilimin Ilimin Astronomy, 2015).

Koyaya, ya zama dole a tuna cewa - mai yiwuwa— kasancewar mun shiga zurfin bayani game da matsalolin zahiri da lissafi, karatun Martian yana iya zama ba mai nishadantarwa ba don sauran jama'a ... Wataƙila ba tabbatacciyar hujja ba ce idan aka kwatanta ta da ka'idojin zahirin fim ɗin Interstellar (2016), wanda ya sami kyakkyawar tarba a tsakanin masu sauraro, masu sukar da masana kimiyya.

Labari mai daukar hankali

A kowane hali, akwai labarin da ba za a iya musun sa ba a cikin labarin Mark Watney: wit. Ta hanyar cikakkiyar aikace-aikacen hanyoyin kimiyya ne babban halayen ke gudana akan duniyar jan. In ba haka ba, rayuwa fiye da kwanaki ɗari biyar ba tare da isasshen abinci da ruwa ba zai yiwu ba. Bayan wannan, jarumin ya fara labarin ne tare da gagarumar rauni a ƙugu, wani abu da ba shi da ƙarfin gwiwa.

Mai gabatarwar ya karɓi mai karatu tare da jumlar da ke haifar da ƙugiya nan da nan: "An sakar mini." Sakamakon haka, cancantar marubucin shine a ci gaba da sha'awar sanin gaskiyar shafin na gaba, wannan ya dogara ne da ƙirar ɗan adam mai ƙarfi: sha'awar taimaka wa wani cikin matsala. Hakan yana nuna jin daɗin kasancewa tare (har ma tsakanin hukumomin sararin samaniya masu kishiya) a sarari kuma a bayyane aka bayyana a cikin littafin.

Andy Weir ya faɗi.

Andy Weir ya faɗi.

Halin aiki sosai

Bugu da kari, Ikhlasi na Watney, baƙar magana, ƙarfin hali da hazaka mai raha sun sa ayyukansa sun zama masu haɗuwa da juna, kusan kashe kansa. A cikin wannan sakin layi yana yiwuwa a ji kyakkyawan fata, azama da kwarin gwiwa na jarumar tare da jumloli kamar su "idan na fashe, ba zan gano ba." Duk waɗannan abubuwan suna ƙirƙirar - ban da juyayi - karatun jaraba.

Tabbas, yayin yanayin damuwa na hankali wanda ya haifar da yiwuwar mutuwar mutuwa wanda ke tattare da tsananin kadaici na hamada mai tsananin sanyi, akwai wuri don takaici. A wancan lokacin, babban halayen yana jan karin maganganu da izgili ga kansa don ƙarfafa kansa ya ci gaba da kasancewa cikin gwagwarmayar rayuwa.

Endarshe ba tare da sharar gida ba

Rufe labarin dai da'ira ne. Da kyau, yana riƙe da tsammanin zuwa matsakaici, da kuma tunanin ban dariya na Watney yayin da yake aiwatar da mafi girman tasirin don ceton ransa, akan duk wata matsala. Don dalilan da aka bayyana a sama, Martian Littafi ne wanda yake da halaye da yawa da ake buƙata don a bada shawarar sosai.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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