Guraren karatu mafi kyau guda goma a Turai

dakunan karatu

Ga wasu, aljanna bawai kawai farin rairayin bakin rairayin bakin teku da ruwa mai haske ba. Idan kuna son yin tafiya kuma kuna sha'awar littattafai, ba za ku iya daina ganin waɗannan ɗakunan karatu na ban mamaki ba.

A yau za mu mai da hankali kan kyawawan ɗakunan karatu na almara a Turai. Kasance tare damu a wannan tafiyar ba tare da barin gida ba. 

Laburare na Masarautar Masarauta ta San Lorenzo del Escorial, Madrid

Ba lallai ba ne a je nesa don yin tunani game da wannan abin al'ajabi na Renaissance wanda ke San Lorenzo del Escorial, Felipe II ne ya kafa shi.

Adadin kundin da ke cikin dakin karatun yakai kimanin 40.000. Daga cikinsu, galibi za mu sami rubuce-rubuce a cikin Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Arabic da Spanish. Har ila yau, dakin karatun yana dauke da juzu'i a cikin wasu yarukan kamar Catalan, Valencian, Persian, Provençal, Italiyanci har ma da Baturke.

Zauren Tauhidin Strahov, Prague

Strahov Laburare

An gina shi a cikin 1671 a cikin gidan sufi na Strahov, ɗayan ɗayan kyawawan ɗakunan karatu ne masu kyan gani. Ginin ginin alamomin ba zai zama ƙasa da samfuran 200.000 ba. Daga cikinsu akwai rubuce-rubuce kusan 3000 da incunabula 1500. Dole ne ku biya kuɗin shiga, kodayake farashin ba shi da tsada sosai kuma an ba ku izinin ɗaukar hoto da yin bidiyo. Ziyara ta dole idan Prague shine makomarku.

Abbey Library St. Gallen, Switzerland

Labarin Cocin Abbey

Wannan lu'ulu'u na rococo da aka gina shi a shekarar 1758, shine mafi mahimmanci a cikin ƙasar tsaka tsaki. Karami amma mai kayatarwa, yana dauke da kundin 160.000. Ginin yana da fara'a wanda bai bar kowa ba. Tsananin hankali, har ma suna bayar da silifa lokacin shiga saboda kar su lalata bene. Nunin tarihi wanda babu wanda ya isa ya rasa shi.

Admont Abbey Library, Austria

Admont Abbey Central Library

 

Babu shakka mafi tsufa kuma tabbas ana sanya shi a duk Austriya. Abbot Matthäus Offner ne ya ba da wannan ɗakin karatun ga mai tsara ginin Joseph Hueber. Wanda ya fara gini a shekarar 1776. An yi la'akari da shi ɗakin ɗakin karatu mafi girma a duniya. Tana da samfurin 200.000, kodayake an kiyasta cewa an maido da wasu 70.000. Daga cikin karin bayanai akwai rubutaccen rubutun Admont Bible.

Kwalejin Kwalejin Queens, Oxford

Kwalejin Sarauniya ta Oxford

Haɗa cikin Jami'ar Oxford, tana da kundin kundin 50.000. Cancanci gidan sarauta, kayan tarihi ne wanda babu mai son littattafan da zai rasa shi. Mafi kyawu game da Babban ɗakin karatu shine har yanzu yana aiki. Shin zaku iya tunanin shirya jarabawarku a cikin yanayi irin wannan?

Kwalejin Kwalejin Trinity, Dublin

Makarantar Koyarwar Ta Uku

Y Voila! Wannan shine ɗakin karatun da aka zaɓa don harbi abubuwan Harry Potter da fursunan Azkaban. Dole ne ku biya ƙofar shiga, amma kusan yuro 14, zaku sami yawon buɗe ido. Abu mafi dacewa game da laburaren, ban da gine-ginensa da yanayinsa, shine Littafin Kells.

Royal Library na Denmark, Copenhagen

Royal Library na Denmark

Har ila yau, an san shi da "Black Diamond", shi ne mafi mahimman wurin zama na Laburaren Cophenague. Fiye da kofi 250.000 suka bazu a hawa takwas da dakunan karatu shida. Wani gini na zamani wanda aka gina shi da baƙin marmara da gilashi wanda yake kallon teku, sanya shi ya zama mahimmin ziyara a babban birnin Denmark.

Makarantar Stuttgart, Stuttgart

Makarantar Stuttgart

Karatu da gine-gine. Duk abin da kuke so, wannan shafin ku ne. Wannan aikin na Eun Youn Yi ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan mafi kyawun ɗakunan karatu a duniya. Tsarinta na zamani, sarari da haske, ya bar waɗanda suka ziyarce shi da buɗe baki. A cikin wannan babban ginin akwai alamun shiga littattafai, abubuwan da suka faru da kuma nune-nunen.

Babban ɗakin karatu na Bristol, Bristol

Babban dakin karatu na Bristol

Ginin kamar yadda muka san shi a yau an gina shi a cikin 1906, a cikin lokacin Edoardine. Yana dauke da littattafai a cikin Somali, Larabci, Bengali, Sinanci. Kurdawa, Pashtu, Punjabi, Vietnam, Czech, Faransanci, Jamusanci, Italiyanci, Yaren mutanen Poland, Fotigal, Rashanci, da Sifen. Baya ga wannan, ana iya yin rijistar masu biyan kuɗi na yau da kullun ga jaridun Turai, Afirka da na Gabas.

 

National Library na Faransa, Paris

National Library na Faransa

BnF ko National Library of France, na ɗaya daga cikin mahimman dakunan karatu a cikin ƙasar. Babban hedikwatarsa, François Mitterrand, yana cikin Tolbiac, kudu da Paris. Akwai wata doka a cikin laburaren da ke buƙatar a adana duk ayyukan da aka buga a Faransa. Yana da jimillar littattafai miliyan 13,, an rarraba a duk rassa. Hudu da muke samu a Faris sune F. Mitterrand Headquarter, da Headquarter Arsenal, da Opera library-museum kuma mafi yawan sanyawa, hedkwatar Richelieu.

Wannan kadan kenan daga abubuwan al'ajabi da zamu iya samu a Turai. Don haka yanzu kun sani, ƙarfafa kanku don haɗa littattafai da tafiye-tafiye kuma kada ku daina ziyartar waɗannan kyawawan dukiyar da alama.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Jose m

    Na gode sosai don tattarawa. A gare ni ɗayan mafi kyau shine ɗakin karatu na Fadar Kasa ta Mafra, Fotigal, mai kayatarwa.

bool (gaskiya)