Makomar jarumai

Chufo Llórens (1931-) ya sami matsayinsa na ɗaya daga cikin mashahuran wakilai na littafin tarihin Sifen ta hanyar cancantarsa. Ba abin mamaki bane, an yaba wa littattafansa saboda daidaiton tsare-tsarensu da kuma bayanan da aka bayar. Makomar jarumai (2020), ba banda bane; Har yanzu kuma, marubucin dan Kataloniya ya nuna fargabar kwararrun takardu.

Yana da almara saga dangi wanda ke faruwa tsakanin yanayin Bohemian na Faris da al'adun Madrid na shekarun farko na Karni na 20. Wancan lokaci ne da aka nuna alamun rikice-rikice biyu: Babban Yaƙin a Turai da Rif War tsakanin Spain da Morocco. Baya ga wannan, a cikin makircin rubutu na shakku, aiki, soyayya, kishi da prevarication sun haɗu.

Sobre el autor

An haifi Chufo Llórens a Barcelona a 1931. Kafin ya sadaukar da kansa ga rubuce-rubuce, ya karanci Lauya, kodayake yawancin sana'arsa ta kwarewa ya sadaukar da kansa ne don inganta da kuma samar da wasan kwaikwayo. Bayan ya yi ritaya, a 1986 ya kaddamar Ba abin da ya faru a jajibirin, farkon wallafe-wallafensa, Tun daga nan ya kware a fannin littafin tarihi.

A cikin 2008, Llórens ya buga Zan ba ku ƙasar, littafi wanda ya sadaukar dashi kusan shekaru biyar na aiki tsakanin bincike da rubutu. Wannan taken ya zama juzu'i a fagen adabinsa albarkacin sa Kwafi 150.000 vsayar a lokacin shekarar farko ta saki. Jerin ayyukansa ya kammala ta littattafan da aka nuna a ƙasa:

  • Sauran kuturta (1993)
  • Catalina, ɗan gudun hijira daga Saint Benedict (2001)
  • Saga na tsinannu (2003)
  • Tekun wuta (2011)
  • Dokar mai adalci (2015)
  • Makomar jarumai (2020).

Yankin aikinsa

Zuwa yau, Littattafan Chufo Llórens sun wuce kofi miliyan da aka sayar, fassara zuwa fiye da harsuna goma sha biyu. Waɗannan yarukan sun haɗa da: Jamusanci, Czech, Danish, Finnish, Italiyanci, Dutch, Yaren mutanen Norway, Yaren mutanen Poland, Fotigal, Romaniyan, Sabiya, da Sweden. A dalilin haka ne, sunansa na adabi ya tsallaka kan iyakokin Spain; an san shi ko'ina cikin Turai.

Halaye na littattafan tarihi na Chufo Llórens

Motsa jiki, tasiri da yanayin

A wata hira da El País (2008), Llórens ya bayyana cewa bunkasar nau'in "ya tashi saboda kasuwa ta nema. Abubuwan buƙata da buƙata ita ce babbar mai tsara abin da sha'awa da rashin sha'awa, a wannan lokacin sha'awar sanin abubuwa daga abubuwan da suka gabata na jan hankalin masu karatu kuma a wurina littafin tarihin wata hanya ce ta samun nasarori masu girma kamar su tarihin rayuwa ko wasu batutuwa na littattafai " .

Hakazalika, marubucin Catalan ya nuna Alejandro Núñez Alonso a matsayin ɗayan marubuta masu tasiri a cikin aikinsako. Yawancin ayyukansa an saita su ne a cikin garin Barcelona, ​​amma makircin gaba ɗaya ba'a iyakance shi ga birni ɗaya ba. A zahiri, yawancin labaran Llórens suna taɓa sassa daban-daban na Turai kuma, ƙarshe, ya bayyana a wasu nahiyoyin.

Yaƙe-yaƙe azaman hanyar wucewa

Rikice-rikicen zamantakewar al'umma da rikice-rikicen makamai jigogi ne sau biyu a cikin littattafan Chufo Llórens. A cikin wannan yanayin rikice-rikice, haruffa masu zurfin gaske suna haɓaka, sahihi, ɗan adam, wanda burinsu da gwagwarmayar cikin su ke motsa su. Tabbas - ba zai iya zama haka ba a cikin littafin marubucin Barcelona - duk an yi masa cikakken bayani kuma an bayyana shi sosai.

Zamani

Zamanin da ke cikin Barcelona ya kasance tushen tushen wahayi ga Llórens a cikin wallafe-wallafensa na farko. Wannan shi ne batun Catalina, ɗan gudun hijira daga Saint Benedict, Sauran kuturta y Saga na tsinannu. Sannan a ciki Dokar mai adalci y Makomar jarumai Marubucin Catalan din ya mai da hankali kan al'amuran neuralgic - har ila yau a Barcelona - na ƙarshen XNUMXth da farkon ƙarni na XNUMX, bi da bi.

Tattaunawa da Takaitaccen tarihin rayuwar Jarumai

Wasu abubuwan da suka faru da aka bi da su a cikin littafin

  • Babban yaƙi
  • Yakin Rif tsakanin Spain da Morocco
  • Zuwan jiragen ƙasa na farko zuwa Spain
  • Wayoyin farko sun bayyana a yankin Iberiya.
  • Kirkirar jirgin karkashin ruwa.

Personajes

Wadanda suka taka rawar gani sune José Cervera, wani magidanci daga Madrid da Lucie Lacroze, 'yar wata baiwar Faransa. Da farko, José ya ƙaunaci Nachita, daughterar Ba'indiya guda ɗaya tilo da ke wucewa ta babban birnin Spain. A nata bangaren, Lucie ta birge Gerhard, wani matashi dan kasar Faransa mai zane-zane mai burin zama malami.

Duk da haka, nuna wariya ga al'umma da wasu rikice-rikice na musamman suna rikitarwa labari rayuwar dukkan shaawa. Daga baya, ganawa tsakanin José da Lucie ya ƙare a cikin ƙungiyar haɗuwa. Don haka, labarin ya mai da hankali ne ga tafarkin 'ya'yan ma'auratan guda uku: Félix Pablo da Nicolás.

Siyarwa Makomar jarumai ...
Makomar jarumai ...
Babu sake dubawa

Wurare da lokacin tarihi

Labarin ya fara ne a shekarar 1894, lokacin da darajarsa da al'adun gargajiyar Spain bourgeoisie Sun bambanta da talauci da taurin zuciya na azuzuwan da ba su da talauci. Wannan rashin daidaito shine asalin wasu rikice-rikicen tashin hankali da rikice-rikice na makarkashiya.

Daga baya, rayuwar yau da kullun na membobin labarin ya canza sosai saboda yakin duniya na farko da yakin Rif. Yayin da makircin ya bayyana, da yawa daga cikin haruffan suna wucewa ta shafukan yanar gizo tan daban-daban kamar Hamadar Sahara, Melilla, Lisbon, Paris da Caracas. Labarin ya ƙare a tsakiyar 1920s.

Salo da abubuwa na almara na tarihi a cikin Makomar jarumai

Yankuna daban daban suna ƙarfafa makircin makirci da canje-canje na saurin. Hakanan, yawancin Kofofin sukar adabi suna nuna cewa tushen shirin wannan littafin ya cancanci a yi nazari. Farawa daga waɗannan ginshiƙan tushe, Llórens ya faɗi wani almara wanda zai iya haɗuwa da ɓangarorin soyayya tare da wurare masu cike da birgewa, tashin hankali da rashin tabbas.

Allyari da haka, cikakkun zane-zanen ɗan kwalliyar kwalliyar kwalliya cikakke an haɗa su ta hanyar maganganu masu gamsarwa, tare da kalmomin lokaci na lokaci. Saboda haka, fiye da labarin almara, littafin yana kama da littafin da wani mashaidi ya gani. Ta wannan hanyar, marubucin Catalan yana sarrafawa don sanya masu karatu cikin zullumi yayin shafuka sama da 850 waɗanda labarin ya ƙunsa.

Sanarwa

A kan shafukan edita da kan shafukan yanar gizo da aka keɓe don adabi, Makomar jarumai tana da matsakaicin maki 8/10. A kan Amazon, matsakaicin darajar tauraro 5 aka bayar da kashi 60% na masu amfani da Intanet; kawai 7% sun ba shi ƙasa da taurari 3. Bugu da kari, mabiyan Chufo Llórens sun nuna wannan taken a matsayin aikinsa mafi kammala har zuwa yau.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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