Muhimmancin kiran shi Ernesto

Muhimmancin kiran shi Ernesto.

Muhimmancin kiran shi Ernesto.

Muhimmancin kiran shi Ernesto ita ce ta ƙarshe ta barkwanci da poetan asalin Irishasar Irish, marubuci kuma marubucin wasan kwaikwayo, Oscar Wilde ya kirkira. An kammala shi a cikin 1895, ana ɗaukarsa ainihin fitacciyar fasaha. An gabatar da shi ne a ranar 14 ga Fabrairu na wannan shekarar, a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na St. James da ke London.

Watanni uku bayan fara wasan, an saka Wilde a kurkuku bayan ya kai karar mahaifin masoyinsa, Alfred Douglas, don ɓata suna ta hanyar kiran shi "ɗan luwadi." Amma shaidun da ke kan sa sun yi yawa kuma an yankewa marubucin hukuncin shekaru biyu na aikin bautar. Bayan fitowar sa daga kurkuku, Wilde ya tafi Faransa, inda ya mutu a cikin halin korar.

Bayanin rayuwa

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde Asalinsa mutumin kasar Ireland ne. An haife shi a Dublin a ranar 16 ga Oktoba, 1854. Iyayensa sune William da Jane Wilde, dukansu manyan masana ne na lokacin. A yau, ana ɗaukar shi ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun marubutan wasan kwaikwayo na karni na XNUMX, a lokacin ƙarshen Victorian a Landan.

Ya tsaya waje don cikakken hankali. Sauƙin daidaitawa da yanayi ya ba shi damar zama mashahuri a cikin manyan al'adun zamantakewar birni. Kodayake ya ci gaba a matsayin mai ƙawata, amma ya ƙare zuwa Katolika da kansa. A cewarsa, hedonism alama ce ta rayuwa. Wannan ya bayyana a cikin wasiƙar da ya rubuta -Daga Profundis-.

Muhimmancin kiran shi Ernesto  

Makircin ya ta'allaka ne akan wani saurayi mai suna Jack Worthing da kuma mummunar dangantakar da ke tsakanin ɗan'uwansa (almara) Ernesto. Wannan aikin yana amfani da jin daɗin ma'anar ma'anar kalmomin Ingilishi sau biyu don ba da dariya ga jama'a. Don masu farawa, taken a Turanci -Muhimmancin Kasancewa- ya riga ya zama mai ban dariya da kansa. Me ya sa? Mai sauƙi: kalmar "Earnest" tana nufin duka sunan Ernesto da kalmar mahimmanci.

Saboda haka, Muhimmancin zama da gaske zai iya zama daidai daidai fassara. A gefe guda kuma, a Ingilishi sunan "Ernest" yana kama da kalmar gaske, wanda ke nufin mai hankali. Sabili da haka, ana ɗauka daga mahangar gaskiya da faɗin gaskiya.

Oscar Wilde ne adam wata.

Oscar Wilde ne adam wata.

Sauran ingantattun fassarorin taken

Nau'in fassarar da aka saba amfani dashi don kiyaye asalin na asali shine ta hanyar canza sunan jarumi. Alal misali: Muhimmancin zama mai tsanani (Hakanan yana iya zama mai gaskiya ko gaskiya). A cikin Catalan, a matsayin gaskiya mai ban sha'awa, sun canza sunan Ernesto zuwa "Frank". Da wannan, ya zama homonym na kalmar "franc" (m).

Banal ban dariya ga mutane masu tsananin gaske

Jack Worthing saurayi ne wanda bai san tarihin kansa ba. Iyayen da suka goya shi sun sa shi a cikin akwati - an watsar da shi - lokacin da yake jariri. Daga cikinsu ya gaji gidan ƙasa inda yake mai kula da marayu Cecily Cardew. Don guje wa mahimmancin wannan aikin, Jack ya ƙirƙira wani ɗan'uwan mahaukaci mai suna Ernesto (Mazaunin Landan).

EBayan haka, kuma azaman kyakkyawan uzuri, an "tilasta" Jack zuwa mako-mako. Wannan tare da buƙatun da ake buƙata don taimaka wa ɗan'uwansa daga "zuriyarsa." Don hana tsegumi game da rayuwar Ernesto daga ƙazantar da mutuncin Jack, ya ɗauki asalin Ernesto a ƙasar Landan. Jack da Ernesto mutane iri ɗaya ne, amma suna da halaye daban-daban daban-daban - kuma suna rayuwa -.

Ernesto da Algernon

Jack mutum ne mai kunya, mai tsananin tsoro da tsoron Allah. Madadin haka, Ernesto mutum ne mai fara'a, mai son jin daɗin rayuwa. Babban abokin sa (kuma mafi munin makiyi a lokaci guda) shine Algernon "Algy" Moncrieff. Shi kansa yana da ɗan uwan ​​da Jack, a ƙarƙashin sunan Ernesto, ya ƙaunace shi. Har zuwa lokacin da ya rantse zai yi aure kuma ya yanke shawarar gaya wa Algy duk gaskiyar.

"Bunbureando"

Lokacin da Jack ya bayyana abubuwan da suka faru ga Moncrieff, na biyun ya yi amfani da damar don bayyana kasancewar abokin ƙarya wanda ake kira Bunbury. Labari ne game da wani talaka, mai rashin lafiya da ke zaune a karkara. A can, Algy yakan nemi mafaka lokacin da yake son tserewa abincin dare tare da mahaifiyarsa da kuma dan uwansa (wanda Jack ke soyayya).

Mutumin da ke rainin wayo ya kira wannan aikin "Bunburear." Bugu da kari, kasancewar Bunbury ya jawo wa Jack shawarar komawa fagen fama, ya kashe ɗan'uwan kirkirarren labari kuma ya ɗauki sunan. Koyaya, bayan ya dawo gida - bayan yayi magana da mai mulkin Cecily da mai martaba - tare da labarin mutuwarsa, ya sami labarin cewa Algy yanzu Ernesto Worthing ne.

Oscar Wilde ya faɗi.

Oscar Wilde ya faɗi.

Loveauna da haɓaka ...

Yayinda saurayi Jack ke cikin ɗakin, Algernon Moncrieff yana tare da matashi Cecily. Ya gabatar da kansa a matsayin ɗan uwa mai girma Ernesto, sannan ya bayyana ƙaunarsa ga Cecily kuma maraya ya yarda da shi. A zahiri, daga lokacin da ta sami labarin kasancewarsu a London, suna da kyakkyawar dangantaka.

Haruffa, furanni, sadaukarwa, yaƙe-yaƙe da sulhu, duk abin da ake buƙata don nuna wanzuwar kyakkyawar dangantaka (?). Masoyan ya yarda da kowane bangare kuma ya nemi gafarar kuskuren da aka aikata cikin jahilcinsa. A wannan lokacin, Algernon kuma ya yanke shawarar yin baftisma da sunan Ernesto.

Kuskuren Sirrin Prism

Barkwanci ya kai matsayin mafi daukaka lokacin da masoyan karya Ernestos suka hadu ... akwai soyayya, ƙiyayya da 'yan uwantaka a cikin' yan mintina. Duk gaskiyar ta fito, Algernon Moncrieff da Jack Worthing sun ɗauki ainihin sunayensu, aƙalla na ɗan lokacin. A tsakiyar wannan rikici ne aka gano labarin gaskiya na Jack a ƙarshe.

Sakamakon da ba zato ba tsammani

Jakar akwatin da aka bar Jack ya zama mallakar matar Cecily, Miss Prism. Wanene, lokacin da ya rasa ta (tare da yaron a ciki) tana aiki don mahaifin Algernon. An yi wa jaririn baftisma a matsayin Ernesto Moncrieff, babban yayan Algernon Moncrieff, wanda aka fi sani da Jack Worthing.

An rarraba aikin zuwa ayyuka uku ko huɗu (a cewar mawallafin); amma ba tare da la'akari da yawan ayyukan ba, yana nuna hazakar marubucin. Yankunansa na karshe guda biyu sune cikkakke game da yanayin (da al'umma). Lokacin da yake bayyana asalinsa, Ernesto ya nemi gafarar masoyiyarsa saboda ya yi rayuwar da babu karya ba tare da ta sani ba, ta yafe masa ta hanyar tambaya "kada a sake maimaita shi."


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

bool (gaskiya)