Mafi kyawun littattafan Meziko

Mafi kyawun littattafan Meziko

Haɓaka da haɓaka, da adabin mexican A koyaushe alama ce ta ɓata gari ko tasirin Juyin Juya Halin Mexico wanda ya juya yanayin aikin jarida zuwa magabatan labarai da marubutan ƙasa. Gangar da ta fashe a cikin wadannan mafi kyawun littattafan mexican cewa dole ne ka karanta a kalla sau ɗaya a rayuwarka.

Pedro Páramo, na Juan Rulfo

Pedro Páramo na Juan Rulfo

Idan akwai littafin Meziko, wannan shine Pedro Páramo, ɗayan mafi yawan labaran duniya na adabin Latin Amurka. Manyan labarai masu ƙarancin ƙarfi Wurin Konawa ta inda Juan Rulfo ya rigaya ya gabatar da mu zuwa ƙirƙirarren garin Comala, Pedro Paramo yana faɗar da sufancin dajin Mexico, na muryoyi masu ban al'ajabi da tituna marasa kan gado waɗanda muka sami cibiyarsu labarai biyu: na Juan Preciado, saurayin da ke zuwa neman mahaifinsa Pedro Páramo, da na karshen, wata cacik da gurbacewar iko. An buga shi a cikin 1955 kuma mutane da yawa suna ɗauka ɗayan ɗayan litattafan farko na shahararrun sihiri na sihiri na Latin Amurka, Pedro Páramo na ɗaya daga cikin waɗannan muhimman littattafai cewa kowa ya karanta.

Kamar ruwa don cakulan, na Laura Esquivel

Kamar ruwa don cakulan ta Laura Esquivel

Lokacin da kowa yayi tunanin cewa abin da aka ambata da gaske na sihiri ya zo ƙarshe, 80s ya ƙare tare da buga ɗayan manyan ayyukan wasiƙun Mexico. An kafa shi a cikin jihar Coahuila a tsakiyar juyin juya halin Mexico, labarin ya ba da labarin soyayyar da ke tsakanin Tita, wanda aka yanke hukuncin kula da iyayenta ta hanyar mutuwa kamar kowace 'yar benjamina, da Pedro, waɗanda aka ba da hannun' yar'uwar Tita, Rosaura . Duk wannan, tare da murhun Mexico, dandano da jita-jita waɗanda ke rayar da honeys na soyayya. Kamar ruwa ga Chocolate yana cikin kanta girke-girke wanda ke wasa tare da abubuwan da ake bukata ya zama ba za a iya hana shi ba: labarin soyayya da aka dafa shi a kan ƙaramin zafi, haɗakarwar rayuwar yau da kullun da sihiri da kuma ceri a saman sifar sakamakon da ba za a iya mantawa da shi ba.

Labyrinth na Solitude, na Octavio Paz

Labyrinth na Solitude na Octavio Paz

Adabin kishin kasa a sakamakon da Juyin Juya Halin Mexico Ya ƙunshi ayyuka daban-daban waɗanda marubutan suka yi ƙoƙari don bincika al'adu, asali da halayyar mutanen Meziko. Misali mai kyau shine Labarin Kadaici, fitacciyar jaridar Octavio Paz da aka buga a 1950 kuma aka kafa ta gwaji tara ta inda marubuci ke zurfafawa a cikin tarihin tarihin da ya haifar, a cewarsa, wani tabbatacce halin rashin tsammani a cikin al'ummar Mexico. Editiona'idojin aikin na gaba sun haɗa da sanannun Postcript, taron zaman lafiya a Jami'ar Texas a 1969 dangane da ka'idar littafin, ko Komawa zuwa Labyrinth na Solitude, wata hira ce wacce tunani game da ɗan Mexico wanda koyaushe "yayi biyayya ga muryar tsere."

Yaƙe-yaƙe a cikin Hamada, na José Emilio Pacheco

Yakin da ke cikin Hamada daga José Emilio Pacheco

Da farko an buga shi a cikin ƙarin Asabar a 1980, Yaƙe-yaƙe a cikin hamada Ya ƙare har aka sake shi azaman ɗan gajeren labari shekara guda daga baya. An saita shi a cikin 1967, aikin Pacheco yana ba da labarin shekaru ashirin da suka gabata ta hanyar muryar Carlos, wani saurayi daga Colonia Roma a Mexico City wanda ya zama cikakken tunani game da al'ummar Meziko na lokacin, wanda duk da ci gaba da rungumar zamanintar da zamani ya ci gaba da jan ɓarkewa wanda zai ƙare da fashewa ba da nisa ba. Daya daga cikin mafi kyawun littattafan mexican idan ya zo ga fahimtar tarihin kwanan nan na ƙasar Arewacin Amurka.

Makirci, daga Juan José Arreola

Juan José Arreola makircinsa

Babban aboki ga Juan Rulfo kuma editan marubuta na wallafe-wallafen wallafe-wallafe na babban rabo a cikin Mexico na 50s da 60s, Arreola yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi yawan marubuta na zamaninsa, a cikin hulɗa koyaushe tare da wurare daban-daban na gaba da kuma tare da ƙasar da ya zama ɗayan manyan muryoyinta. Makirci, wanda aka buga a cikin 1952, saiti ne na labarai ta hanyar marubucin shiga cikin jin duniya kamar kauna, takaici, ko kadaici na mutumin zamani, a lokaci guda yana ɗauke da cikakken aikin tsarkakewa ta hanyar haɗawa da rubuce-rubuce daban-daban na marubucin waɗanda aka tattara su a cikin ƙananan shafuka.

Mutuwar Artemio Cruz, ta Carlos Fuentes

Mutuwar Artemio Cruz ta Carlos Fuentes

Duk da rashin samun wani Kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi cewa ya tabbatar kamar yadda aka isar yayin da Gabriel García Márquez ya karbe shi a 1982, Fuentes yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan marubutan Latin Amurka, wanda ya ci nasarar wasu kyaututtuka kamar su Yariman Asturias ko Rómulo Gallegos. Marubuci wanda tarihinsa ya kunshi irin wadannan ayyuka masu karfi kamar Mutuwar Artemio Cruz, wani labari wanda yake tuno da sakamakon juyin juya halin Mexico a cikin sanannen gama gari kuma, musamman, na wani Artemio Cruz wanda, daga gadon mutuwarsa, ya gaya mana nasa tarihin ya kasu kashi-kashi wanda daga bisani ya auri miƙa mulki daga Mexico ta gargajiya zuwa ta zamani kamar ta 1962. A cikin wannan shekarar ne lokacin da Mutuwar Artemio Cruz an buga shi har sai da ya zama ɗayan waɗancan littattafan da ake buƙata don fahimtar ilimin halayyar Mexico na jiya, yau da gobe.

Guardian Iblis, na Xavier Velasco

Guardian Iblis ta Xavier Velasco

Ofayan litattafan litattafan zamani na rubuce-rubuce a cikin adabin Mexico shine wannan Waliyyan shaidan lashe kyautar Alfaguara a cikin 2003. Labarin, wanda ya danganci wani bangare na mahimman sassan littattafan Meziko na karni na XXI kamar ƙaura, ya ba da labarin tafiyar Violetta, wata ƙaunatacciyar ƙaunatacciyar yarinya mai shekaru goma sha biyar wacce bayan ta saci mata sama da dala dubu ɗari. Iyaye sun tashi don tsallaka iyaka zuwa New York, wani birni inda yawan ƙaunarta da ƙaunarta ke ayyana sabon matakin ga mai shirin.

Gidan da ke kan Titin Mango, na Sandra Cisneros

Gidan da ke kan Titin Mango ta Sandra Cisneros

Duk da mahaifin da koyaushe yake kin burinta na rubutu, Sandra Cisneros ta sami nasarar cafke wani bangare na dogon buri da nadamar tsarawar wasu bakin haure 'yan kasar Mexico da ke Amurka a matsayin babban madogara ga aikin da ta fi shahara. Tare da zane-zane daban-daban, Gidan a titin Mango aka buga a 1984 zama a cin nasarar tallace-tallace kuma cikakken X-ray na jama'ar Latino a cikin unguwannin bayan gari na Chicago wanda babban jaruminsa, matashi Esperanza Cordero, ya zama wa'adin baƙon Ba'amurke ga jama'ar Latino wanda a cikin shekaru talatin da suka gabata ya haifar da labarin duniya game da ƙauyuka.

Menene, a ra'ayin ku, mafi kyawun littattafan Meziko a tarihi?


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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