Mafi kyawun littattafan karni na XNUMX

Mafi kyawun littattafan karni na XNUMX da andananan Yarima

Wanda yake da alamun tarihi wanda zai bayyana karnin da muke ciki, karni na ashirin shine fashewar hanyoyin adabi wanda ya daidaita tare da 'yantar da tsofaffin labarai, gano sabbin hanyoyin ruwaya da kuma lokacin da aka tsara shi a shafukan wasu manya. wasa. Wannan zabin na mafi kyawun littattafan karni na XNUMX ya zama mafi kyawun misali.

Ulysses, na James Joyce

Ya zama tsokana ga mai sukar da aka raba shekaru, Joyce's Ulysses yayi magana game da karni, wani lokaci, na haruffan nihilistic waɗanda ke yawo a titunan Dublin suna neman amsoshi. Labarun Leopold Bloom da Stephen Dedalus za su iya kasancewa daga marubucin ne wanda maganarsa ta ciki ta bayyana wani ɓangare na wannan aikin wanda ya karɓa sunansa daga mai gabatar da shirin na Homer's Odyssey a matsayin hanyar daidaita labaran da ba su da lokaci zuwa sabbin lokuta, waɗanda ke buƙatar wasu ra'ayoyi. Dauke da yawa kamar littafi mafi kyau da aka rubuta da Turanci a karni na XNUMX, Ulises ya haifar da al'adar al'adu ta hanyar hanyoyin yawon bude ido da bukukuwan shekara-shekara wanda ke ƙara haɓaka aikin.

A cikin Binciken Lokaci da Ya ɓace, na Marcel Proust

don neman ɓataccen lokaci ta marcel proust

Kafa ta bangarori bakwai da Proust ya rubuta tsakanin 1908 da 1922 (uku daga cikinsu sun mutu), In Search of Lost Time yana magana ne game da lokaci, na Marcel, wani saurayi mai tsananin ƙwarewa wanda ke neman zama marubuci kuma ya kauce daga turbar da aka kafa don biyan bukukuwa da jima'i. Nunawa wanda ya hada da farkon bayanan nassoshi zuwa liwadi a adabi da kuma daukaka mace wacce ta rage namiji ya zama mai sauki, wanda ya zama daya daga cikin tasirin karni na XNUMX.

Inabin Fushi, na John Steinbeck

inabi daga fushin john steinbeck

Mai nasara na kyautar pulitzer kuma aikin da zai ayyana wani zamani kamar The Great Depression, Inabi na Fushi, wanda aka buga a 1939, yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan ayyukan adabin Amurka. Tafiyar dangin Joad, da aka tilasta yin hijira daga Oklahoma zuwa Kalifoniya bayan ganin an kwace ƙasashensu, ya zama hoton lokaci mai alamar rashin daidaito na tattalin arziki da kuma tsammanin makoma mai zuwa. Dukkanin kayan gargajiya.

Littafin littafin Ana Frank

Littafin littafin Ana Frank

'Yan littattafai kaɗan ne suka iya faɗin gaskiya daga jahannama kanta; kasan dai yarinya yar shekara goma sha uku wacce tayi mafarkin samun ingantacciyar duniya. Anne Frank da iyalinta, duk yahudawa, ya gudu daga mamayar 'yan Nazi ta hanyar ɓoye a cikin soro na wasu tsofaffin ɗakunan ajiya a Amsterdam daga 12 ga Yuni, 1942 zuwa 1 ga Agusta, 1944, ranar da aka gano su kuma aka tura su sansanonin fursuna. Lokaci mai tsayi wanda saurayin Frank ya rubuta jiharta, hangen nesa game da duniya da rayuwar da har yanzu dole ta dandana a cikin littafin da mahaifinta zai cece shi, wanda shine kawai ya tsira daga bala'in.

Karamin Yarima, daga Antoine Saint-Exupéry

Yarima yarima by antoine de saint exupery

Aviator da marubuci, Saint-Exupéry sun sami wahayi ta hanyar sauka a cikin sahara don ba da labarin wani matukin jirgi wanda ya yi karo da wani yaro mai farin gashi wanda ya tsere daga wani tauraron da ke barazanar kasancewar baobabs. Gajeriyar tafiya mai karfi ta karamin Yarima tayi aiki don koyo game da misalai daban-daban na ba cikakkiyar duniya ba inda fox din da ya nemi zama mai gida ko dan kasuwar da ya kirga taurari ya wakilci hakikanin abin da yake ci gaba har zuwa yau. Maras lokaci kuma mahimmanci ga matasa da tsofaffi.

 

Lolita, na Vladimir Nabokov

lolita ta vladimir nabokov

Lokacin da aka buga labarin farfesa masanin ilimin halayyar dan Adam dan shekara goma sha biyu da aka haifa a 1955, duniya ta shiga cikin fushi kuma takunkumin ya fito fili. Yayin da lokaci ya wuce, kowa zai fahimci ingancin mafi shahararren aikin Nabokov na Rasha, tushe don fahimtar halayyar kwakwalwa ta al'umma inda ɗabi'a da ɗabi'a galibi ke hana su ta hanyar sha'awar da ba ta fahimtar shekaru ko alaƙa.

Shekaru ɗari na Kadaici, na Gabriel García Márquez

shekara dari na kadaici by gabriel garcia marquez

A cikin watanni goma sha takwas na wahala da tattalin arziki, ɗan Colombia Gabriel García Márquez ya rubuta daga Mexico City littafin da zai sauya adabin Latin Amurka har abada. An buga shi a cikin 1967, Shekaru ɗari na Kadaici shine mafi tasirin littafin Hispanic na karni na XNUMX ba wai kawai don tabbatar da ƙyanƙyashe na Americanarfin Latin Amurka na shekarun 60 da sihiri na zahiri don haka a cikin tituna da haruffan wannan ɓataccen garin na Macondo, amma don daskarewa tarihin ɗayan nahiyoyi tsakanin shafukanta har abada abadin.

1984, na George Orwell

1984 ta george orwell

Black Mirror, Labarin Kuyanga ... dystopia Ya shiga cikin rayuwarmu ta fuskar fina-finai, jerin abubuwa da littattafai wadanda suke bin wani bangare na hotunan su zuwa 1984, littafin da George Orwell ya wallafa a aan shekaru bayan Yaƙin Duniya na II wanda duniya ta fara sake yin tunanin dalilan masifarta. da sakamakonsu. Saita a cikin Ingilishi na gaba inda babban yaya yana sarrafa rayukan duk mazaunanta, jigo na shekara ta 1984 yana da sanyi kamar yadda yake a zahiri idan muka yi la'akari da yanayin zamanin da muke ciki wanda iko ke farawa da wayar hannu mai sauƙi.

Don Kashe Mockingbird ta Harper Lee

Don Kashe Mockingbird ta Harper Lee

Juya zuwa littafin da aka fi karantawa game da wariyar launin fata a ƙarni na XNUMXDon Kashe Mockingbird ta Harper Lee, wanda aka buga a cikin 1960, wani adabi ne na adabi wanda yayi aiki don fahimtar tarihin launin fatar Amurka wanda ba'a warware shi gaba ɗaya ba. Ta idanun mahaifinta, Atticus Finch, mai ba da labarin wasan kuma mai kare baƙar fata da ake zargi da yi wa wata farar mace fyade a lokacin Babban Tsananin, Matashi Scout Finch ya zama alter ego na marubuciya da ta san wannan gaskiyar har tsawon lokacin da za ta iya tunawa. A 2015, bangare na biyu, wanda aka rubuta kafin Kashe Mockingbird kanta, an buga shi da sunan Tafi ka aika mai aikawa.

Harry Potter da Dutse na Falsafa ta JK Rowling

Harry Potter da Masanin Falsafa na JK Rowling

Kadan ne, ko watakila babu, al'amuran adabi za a iya auna su da abin da ya haifar saga yaron mayen Harry Harry Potter da abubuwan da ya faru a Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Aiki na farko, wanda aka buga a cikin 1997 daga rubutun wata matashiya da aka saki kuma mahaifiya ba ta da aikin yi, Harry Potter da Masanin Falsafa, ya zama haɓakar matashi mai mahimmanci wanda zai haifar da wasu littattafai shida (ba tare da ƙidaya Harry Potter da abin da aka lalatata ba) wanda jimlar darajarsa hau zuwa dala biliyan 15 a 2007.

Menene, a ra'ayin ku, mafi kyawun littattafai na karni na XNUMX?


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  1.   Luis Portalanza m

    Ba da gaske bane, -kamar yadda kunyar wani take tsokano-, kuma tana zolayar mu, masu karatu; "mai sukar adabi," wanda ya lissafa mafi kyawun littattafan S20; Ya haɗa da zamba kamar yadda ake ɗaukarsa a cikin jerin abubuwan adabin ɗan adam na adabi, yaudarar abin da suke kira "littafin tarihin Anne Frank", yaudarar da aka kafa sau dubu ɗari ba bisa ka'ida ba. Ba ta da wata fa'ida don nuna ta a matsayin "littafi" ko kuma a matsayin aikin adabi tunda ba shi da darajar adabi. Wannan "aikin" kawai yana raina ƙididdigar ƙimar wasu da aka ambata kuma yana yin ɓarna ta hanyar kwatanta shi da waɗanda sauran marubutan gaskiya suka rubuta "shanu tsarkakakku" a cikin lamuran adabi.