Mafi kyawun Littattafan Agatha Christie

Christie Agatha.

Christie Agatha.

Lokacin da masu amfani da Intanet ke bincika "littattafan Agatha Christie mafi kyau" sakamakon yana nuni ne ga aikin marubuci wanda aka ɗauka a matsayin mai share fagen tsarin bincike. Dukansu masu sukar ra'ayi da masu karatu suna son yabo da taken wannan marubucin ɗan Burtaniya. A zahiri, da Littafin Rubutun Guinness yana ɗaukar ta a matsayin fitacciyar marubuciya a tarihi.

Mafi yawan "zargi" ga irin wannan lakabin Christie saboda Hercules Poirot da Miss Marple ne. Su ne biyu daga cikin shahararrun masu bincike a kowane lokaci kuma sanannun jagororin Christie. Abin da ya fi haka, Poirot ya zama kawai mutumin kirkirarren labari don karɓar labarin mutuwa a cikin jaridar. The New York Times, bayan fitowarta ta qarshe a Labule (1975).

Rayuwar Agatha Christie a takaice

Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller ta fara ganin hasken rana ne a ranar 15 ga Satumbar 1890, a Torquay, Ingila. Ya kasance a cikin kirjin dangin tsakiyar aji. An yi mata karatun makaranta a lokacin yarinta, a lokacin ne ta haɓaka ɗabi'un karatu sosai. A lokacin yarinta ta yi karatu a Faris kuma ta yi aiki a matsayin mai aikin sa kai na ba da agaji a lokacin Yaƙin na Yaki.

Ta auri Archibald Christie tsakanin 1914 da 1928, wanda tare yake da diyarsa tilo, Rosalind Hicks (1919 - 2004). Aurenta na biyu shi ne ga mashahurin masanin ilmin kimiya na kayan tarihi Max Mallowan. Tare da shi, ta haɗu a cikin mahimman mahimman abubuwa a Gabas ta Tsakiya da Arewacin Afirka (wuraren da ake yawan zanawa a saitunan marubuci). Ma'auratan sun kasance tare har zuwa mutuwar Christie a ranar 12 ga Janairun 1976.

Halayen aikinsa

Agatha Christie ta buga 66 littattafan bincike, Littattafan soyayya guda shida da gajerun labarai guda 14 (sa hanu karkashin sunan Mary Westmacott). I mana, An ba da nauyinsa a cikin tarihin wallafe-wallafen duniya ta babban gudummawar da yake bayarwa ga nau'in jami'in bincike. Wanne hanya ce da mai bincikensa Hercules Poirot ya fara tare da Al’amarin ban mamaki na Styles (1920).

Koyaya - duk da kasancewar ba ku da cikakken sani - sauran halayen da Christie ta kirkira ba za a iya watsi da su ba. Haka lamarin yake game da Miss Marple, ma'auratan Beresford, Kanar Race, Kyaftin Hastings da Sufeto Janar, da sauransu.. Ya kamata a lura cewa Miss Marple da Poirot ba su taɓa yin daidai a cikin wannan littafin ba.

Littattafan da Hercules Poirot ke bugawa

Labule (1975), babban labarin da ya ƙare da mutuwar shahararren ɗan binciken

Taurarin masu binciken sirri na kasar Belgium a cikin litattafai 33 da gajerun labarai 50 na Agatha Christie, wanda aka buga tsakanin 1920 da 1975. Duk da rashin so da gajiya da marubucin Burtaniya ya ji game da halinta tun daga tsakiyar 1930s, ta ƙi kashe shi. Dalilin: jama'a na son Poirot sosai kuma marubucin yana ganin cewa wajibinta ne ya farantawa masu sauraro.

A ƙarshe, a Labule (1975) jami'in binciken ya mutu sakamakon rikitarwa na zuciya. Lokacin da, bayan "sadaukarwa" da ka'idojin ɗabi'unsa, da gangan ya bar ƙwayoyinsa ba tare da isa ba. To, Poirot ya kashe mai dabara wanda ba a taɓa gwada shi ba. “Wadanda abin ya shafa” sun aikata masa laifukan. An rubuta wannan littafin tun shekaru 36 kafin fitowar sa.

Kisan Roger Ackroyd (1926)

Abubuwan da ke faruwa suna faruwa ne a cikin Abbot na Sarki (sunan kirkirarre) kuma Dr. Sheppard, ɗayan mazauna ƙaramin garin ne ya ruwaito shi. Can, Misis Ferrars ta yanke kauna bayan ta kashe mijinta kuma aka yi mata bakar fata. Bayan haka, matar da ke cikin baƙin ciki ta yanke shawarar kashe kanta kuma ta bar wasiƙa zuwa ga Roger Ackroyd - mutumin da take so - inda take bayyana abin da ya faru.

Amma kuma an kashe Ackroyd kuma mutumin da kawai zai iya bayyana abubuwan shi ne Poirot, wanda ke jin daɗin ritayar da ya yi kwanan nan a Abbot na Sarki. Abubuwa masu ban sha'awa na al'amuran sun ƙare da mamaki wanda aka yi la'akari da mafi burgewa na litattafan Christie.

Sauran labaran da suka shafi Hercules Poirot

  • Al’amarin ban mamaki na Styles (1920).
  • Kisa a filin golf (1923).
  • Poirot yayi bincike (1924).
  • Manyan hudu (1927).
  • Asirin jirgin shudi (1928).
  • Haɗari mai zuwa (1932).
  • Poirot ya karya doka (1933).
  • Mutuwar Ubangiji Edgware (1933).
  • Kisan kai akan Gabas ta Gabas (1934).

Bala'i cikin ayyuka uku.

  • Bala'i cikin ayyuka uku (1935).
  • Mutuwa a cikin gajimare (1935).
  • Asirin jagorar jirgin kasa (1936).
  • Katunan kan tebur (1936).
  • Kisan kai a Mesopotamiya (1936).
  • Mutuwa a Kogin Nilu (1937).
  • Shaida bebe (1937).
  • Kisa a Bardsley Mews (1937).
  • Haduwa da mutuwa (1938).
  • Kirsimeti mai ban tsoro (1939).
  • Mutuwa ta ziyarci likitan hakora (1940).
  • Abin baƙin ciki na cypress (1940).
  • Tir da ƙarƙashin rana (1941).
  • Littleananan aladu biyar (1942).
  • Jini a cikin wurin waha (1946).
  • Ayyukan Hercules (1947).
  • Babban igiyar rayuwa (1948).
  •  Makafi beraye guda uku (1950).
  • Abubuwa takwas na Poirot (1951).
  • Madam McGinty ta mutu (1952).
  • Bayan jana'izar (1953).
  • Kisan kai a titin Hickory (1955).
  • Haikalin Nasse-House (1956).
  • Kyanwa a cikin kurciya (1959).
  • Kirsimeti pudding (1960).
  • Agogo (1963).
  • Yarinya ta uku (1966).
  • Apples (1969).
  • Giwaye na iya tunawa (1972).
  • Abubuwan farko na Poirot (1974).
  • Miss Marple

Idan Poirot shine mai bincike mai kyau wanda ke warware rikice-rikice masu rikitarwa a cikin iyakokin Masarautar Burtaniya, binciken Miss Marple an keɓe shi zuwa ƙauyukan Ingilishi. Musamman, Laifukan da wannan tsohuwar tsohuwa ta goge ta faru a St. Mary Mead, wani ɗan ƙaramin almara ne a kudancin Ingila.

Gaba ɗaya Christie ta kirkiro litattafai 13 gami da gajerun labarai da ke dauke da Miss Marple. An bayyana ta a matsayin kyakkyawar mace tsohuwa, mai manufa, mai son tatsuniya da kuma sanin ilimin yanayi. Daidai, wannan ilimin ya bashi damar tona asirin da ba za a iya misalta shi ba har ma ga kwararrun masana a Scotland Yard.

Mutuwa a cikin maye (1930)

Tare da wannan littafin, Christie ta gabatar da duniya ga Miss Marple. Ya kasance Oktoba 1930, kuma adadi mace a matsayin jarumai na ɗan littafin labari abu ne mai wahalar gaske ga jama'a su narkar da shi. Koyaya, tare da dogon lokaci mai fa'ida na marubuci, an buɗe ƙofofi ko'ina kuma masu karatu a Burtaniya sun ba aikin maraba da kyau. Hakanan a cikin Amurka masu karanta Agatha sunyi bikin isowar wannan sabon halin.

Santa Maria Mead ita ce (ƙagagge) gari wanda ke aiki azaman mahalli don ci gaban Mutuwa a cikin maye. Gari ne na gama gari na Ingilishi - wanda Christie ta bayyana daidai - cewa ya girgiza da wanda aka kashe na Lucius Protheroe. Jiki, ta hanya mai ban al'ajabi, ya bayyana a binciken vicar. Komai zai iya warwarewa cikin sauri, idan har wannan yanayin - adalci na zaman lafiya da kanar da ya yi ritaya - ba su kasance ɗayan mutanen da aka ƙi jinin ba a cikin garin.

Don haka Miss Marple ta tsinci kanta a wani yanayi na daban. Ba wai kawai dole ne ya yi ma'amala da cewa ƙauyuka da yawa sun ƙi Protheroe ba, har ma bayan kisan nasa, mutane biyu sun amsa laifi. Mai binciken zai iya amfani da iliminta ne kawai don tace jerin wadanda ake zargi zuwa bakwai. Wani ɓangare na abin da ke ƙara tashin hankali da rikice-rikice shi ne, mashawarcin kansa yana cikin waɗanda ake zargi da laifi. A ƙarshe, kamar yadda aka saba a cikin litattafan Christie, masu karatu suna runguma da mamaki.

Sauran labaran Miss Marple

  • Miss Marple da matsaloli goma sha uku / Shari'ar Miss Marple (1933).
  • Labarin Regatta da sauran Labaran (1939). Tarin labarai.
  • Gawar a dakin karatun (1942).
  • Batun wanda ba a sani ba (1943).
  • An sanar da kisan kai (1950).
  • Makafi Beraye Guda Uku da Sauran Labaran (1950). Tarin labarai.
  • Madubin madubi (1952).
  • Hannun hatsin hatsi (1953).
  • Jirgin 4:50 (1957).
  • Adventure na Kirsimeti Pudding (1960). Tarin labarai.
  • Zunubi Biyu da Sauran Labarai (1961). Tarin labarai.
  • Madubi ya tsage daga gefe zuwa gefe (1962).
  • Sirri a cikin carbi (1964).
  • A otal din Bertram (1965).
  • Nemesis (1971).
  • Laifin bacci (an rubuta shi a kusan 1940; an buga shi sosai a cikin 1976)
  • Mis Marple na Missarshe Cases (1979). Tarin labarai.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Gustavo Woltmann ne adam wata m

    Marubuciya mai birgewa, litattafanta abun gwanin ban sha'awa kuma gadon nata bashi da aibi kuma yana da girma.
    - Gustavo Woltmann.

bool (gaskiya)