Mafi kyawun littattafan 'yan sanda

Christie Agatha.

Christie Agatha.

Tattaunawa game da mafi kyawun littattafan aikata laifi sun haɗa da ɗora kanku da gilashi mai ɗaukakawa da yanke hukunci mai kyau da kuma zurfafawa zuwa ɗayan shahararrun nau'o'in adabi a yau. Koyaya, wannan shahara da take alfahari da ita a yau bai yi daidai da yadda yake a farkonsa ba. Kuma haka ne, muna magana ne game da yanayin da ake ƙyamar sukar wallafe-wallafe bayan bayyanuwarsa (rabi na biyu na ƙarni na XNUMX). Koyaya, raini daga “masu tunanin tunani” bai haifar da matsala ga marubutan labaran laifuka ba.

A gaskiya, marubutan Edgar Allan Poe - babban mahimmancin sifa-, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle da Agatha Christie an bayyana su a matsayin manyan haziƙan adabin duniya. Tare da waɗanda aka ambata, akwai sunaye kamar Dashiell Hammlett, Vázquez Montalbán ko John Verdon (da sauransu), tare da ayyukan da aka ɗauka na asali a cikin labarin raan sanda.

Laifukan titi (1841), na Edgar Allan Poe

Laifukan titi

Laifukan titi.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Laifukan titi

Farkon salon 'yan sanda

Marubucin Ba'amurke Edgar Allan Poe (1809 - 1849) haƙiƙa haziƙan haruffa ne, kamar yadda ya san yadda ake yin sahun gaba a nau'o'in adabi daban-daban. Ofaya daga cikin abubuwan da ya fi yabawa ga adabin duniya shine halinsa kamar mai bincike Auguste Dupin. Daidai, a cikin Laifukan titi na farko daga cikin bayyanuwarsa uku ya faru.

Mahimmancin Auguste Dupin

Ingancin Dupin bai iyakance ga rubutun da Poe ya sanya hannu ba, tabbas ba zai iya lalacewa ba. To, mai binciken "mara mutuwa" na gaba a cikin adabi (Sherlock Holmes) hanyoyinsa sun yi tasiri a fili. Kamar halin Hercules Poirot daga Christie Agatha. Holmes har ma ya ambace shi kai tsaye a cikin labaransa (duk da cewa a matsayinsa "na ƙasa da shi").

Takaitawa game da Laifukan titi

Mai ba da labarin wanda ba a san shi ba aboki ne na Dupin kuma shine mafi mahimmancin hali bayan mai ba da labarin. Makircin ya ta'allaka ne kan sasanta batun kisan mata biyu (uwa da diya) a cikin yanayi mai ban mamaki. Allyari ga haka, 'yan sanda suna gudanar da tattara bayanai da tambayoyin maƙwabta da yiwuwar shaidu ba su ba da bayanai masu amfani ba.

Mafi sharri, daga cikin wadanda ake zargin har da wanda ake zargi wanda ake zargi da laifi matuka. Sakamakon haka - ya shafi al'amuran mutum gaba ɗaya - jarumi Dupin ya nemi izini don warware laifin. Da zarar an ba shi, jarumin zai yi amfani da dabararsa da kuma cikakken bayani na minti har sai ya sami abin mamakin dalilin mutuwar.

Laifi da Hukunci (1866)

Laifi da Hukunci.

Laifi da Hukunci.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Babu kayayyakin samu.

A cikin wannan wasan, marubucin Rasha Fyodor Dostoyesvki (1821 - 1881) ya haɗu da halayyar ɗabi'a da ra'ayoyi masu ma'ana game da manyan haruffa. Kodayake ba littafin 'yan sanda bane a mahimmancin ma'anar kalmar, yana da matukar dacewa a cikin nau'in. Domin yana wakiltar abubuwan da suka faru ne daga tunanin mai laifi.

Synopsis

Primero, Mai ba da labarin komai ya gabatar da abubuwan da suka faru daga mahangar jarumin, Riodón Raskólnikov. Musamman, yana bayani dalla-dalla game da rayuwar wannan ɗalibin da matsalolin kuɗi (duk da taimakon mahaifiyarsa da 'yar'uwar sa). Daga baya, Raskólnilov - wanda yaudarar girman ya mamaye shi - ya zo ya ba da hujja ga fashi da kisan wani tsohon mai cin riba, Aliona Ivánova.

Daga baya, mai ba da labarin ya nuna ra'ayoyin sauran halayen da ke ciki (ɗan sanda, 'yar'uwarsa, mai ceton danginsa ...). A lokacin da ya kai matuka, fitaccen jarumin ya mika wuya ga hukuma, koda kuwa babu wata shaidar da za a tuhume shi.. A ƙarshe, Riodón ya cika hukuncinsa a Siberia kuma yana jiran ya sadu da Sonia, ƙaunataccensa.

Nazarin a cikin Scarlet (1887)

Nazari a cikin Scarlet.

Nazari a cikin Scarlet.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan:

Nazarin a cikin Scarlet

 

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle ya san abin da yake yi. Kundin farko na Sherlock Holmes ya baiwa masu karatu damar samun masaniya da shahararren mai binciken da kuma aboki na gaskiya, Dr. Watson.. Alamar gunki ce a cikin labaran ilimin laifuka saboda zurfin fasahohin da ake tsammani a cikin rubutun Auguste Dupin. Wannan shine, dalilin yanke hukunci, mai da hankali ga cikakkun bayanai wanda ba bayyananne bane ga wannan, amfani da hanyar kimiyya ...

Bugu da kari, Holmes mai sanyi ne, mai ban dariya, mai natsuwa da rashin aminci musamman (koda yake mai ladabi ne) na mata. Kunnawa Nazarin a cikin Scarlet, dan sanda dan Burtaniya yana da shekaru 26 ko 27. Makircin ya fara ne da ganawa ta farko tsakanin Holmes da Dr. Watson. Latterarshen ya ƙarfafa jarumar ta binciki kisan wani mutum da aka samu a gidan da ba kowa.

Falcon na Malta (1930)

Falcon na Malta.

Falcon na Malta.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Falcon na Malta

Wanda Dashiell Hammlett ya rubuta (1894 - 1961), Falcon na Malta Ana jin daɗin yau a matsayin abin da ba zai yiwu ba a cikin littafin aikata laifuka na Amurka. A wannan lokacin, aikin yana faruwa a San Francisco. A can, ƙungiyar gungun dillalai na fasaha (galibi) suna kan sahun kayan lu'u lu'u kamar shaho kuma an saka su da duwatsu masu daraja.

Wannan taken shine farkon ɗayan tauraruwa biyu Sam Spade, jami'in bincike tare da halayyar ɗabi'a kuma mai saurin amfani da hanyoyin da ba na al'ada ba. Don haka, Spade ya ƙunshi irin wannan mai binciken tare da ɗabi'un da ake zargi, masu iya lanƙwasa dokoki da yin komai don warware laifuka. Wanda ya hada da rashin gaskiya har ma da munanan ayyuka.

Labule: shari'ar ƙarshe ta Poirot (1975)

Labule.

Labule.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Labule

Agatha Christie (1890 - 1975) ta rubuta littafin ne a kan sabon shari’ar da ta yi wa fitaccen jami’inta mai suna Hercules Poirot shekaru arba’in kafin a buga ta. An gudanar da makircin a Kotun Styles, wani katafaren gida da aka sauya zuwa otal inda Poirot ya sadu da wani tsohon aboki, Kanar Hastings.. Wanda mai binciken ya bayyana masa zato game da kasancewar "mai tawali'u" Mista X, a cikin baƙi.

Mista X ya kasance mummunan kisan gilla da ke da nasaba da kisan mutum biyar da suka gabata, amma, ba a taba kama shi ba saboda ba a taba zargin sa ba. An ƙara yanayin lafiyar Poirot ga ikon mai laifi: yana tafiya a cikin keken hannu saboda cututtukan zuciya. Saboda wannan dalili, yana buƙatar taimako akai-akai a cikin mawuyacin yanayi.

Tekun kudu (1979)

Kogin Kudu.

Kogin Kudu.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Tekun kudu

Wannan littafin na Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (1939 - 2003) Yana ɗayan manyan littattafai waɗanda aka rubuta cikin Sifeniyanci a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX. An kafa labarin a Barcelona, ​​yana mai da hankali kan tambayoyin da suka shafi kisan Carlos Stuart Pedrell. Wanene, kafin ya bayyana matacce (an daba masa wuka) an yi imanin cewa ya yi tafiya ta cikin tekun kudu har shekara guda.

Wanda ke kula da bayyana gaskiyar lamarin shine jami'in bincike Pepe Carvalho (wanda matar mamacin ta haya). Koyaya, lokacin da bincike ya ci gaba ya bayyana cewa Pedrell bai taɓa fara balaguron sa ba. A tsakiyar rikice-rikicen mulkin, a bayyane yake, mafi mahimmanci shine kasuwancin mamacin da kuma shaƙatawarsa da ɗan zanen Faransa mai zane-zane, Paul Gauguin.

Na san abin da kuke tunani (2010)

Na san abin da kuke tunani.

Na san abin da kuke tunani.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Na san abin da kuke tunani

Yi tunanin lamba (Taken Ingilishi) ya wakilci fitowar bugu na farko ga marubucin Ba'amurke kuma mai tallata labarai John Verdon. Ba a banza ba, Wannan littafin ya hau kan na ɗaya a jerin taurarin mafi kyawun taurari da Stripes Nation. Wannan sabon labarin mai suna Dave Gurney shine ɗayan shahararrun labarai a cikin tsarin bincike na karni na XNUMX.

Irin wannan bayanin ya cancanci - ban da ƙididdigar kasuwancin sa - saboda abin mamaki, makirci da makircin jaraba. Tare (ba shakka) tare da mahimmancin rikitarwa na halayenta. Game da, Verdon ya bayyana cewa ya gina jarumtakarsa ne a karkashin tasirin tasirin karatun da yake so: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Reginald Hill da Ross McDonald.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Gustavo Woltmann ne adam wata m

    Na ji daɗi Laifukan titin Morgue da Laifi da Hukunci. Na farko abin birgewa ne, amma na biyu ban ga dacewar jinsi ba.
    - Gustavo Woltmann.

bool (gaskiya)