Mafi kyawun littattafai na Pérez-Reverte

Kyaftin Alatriste Babu shakka, ɗayan kyawawan littattafan Pérez-Reverte ne. An tabbatar da hakan ba tare da raina fadin littafin tarihinsa ba, sama da kwafi 40 kuma an fassara shi zuwa harsuna da yawa. Tasirin waɗannan ayyukan ga jama'a masu karantawa da masu sukar lamarin ya sa marubucin ya kasance cikin jerin "mafi kyawun masu sayarwa." Baya ga wannan, yawancin ayyukansa an sami nasarar daidaita su don fim da talabijin.

Pérez-Reverte marubuci ne ɗan ƙasar Sifen kuma ɗan jaridar da aka san shi sosai don aikinsa da kuma aibu. A halin yanzu, an keɓe shi ne kawai ga adabi, musamman ga littafin tarihin. Aikinsa ya ba shi damar lashe lambobin yabo da yawa na ƙasa da na ƙasa da ƙasa, wanda ke nufin cewa ba za a iya lura da shi ba.

Tarihin rayuwar Pérez-Reverte

An haifi Arturo Pérez-Reverte Gutiérrez a 25 ga Nuwamba, 1951, a Cartagena, wani birni mai cin gashin kansa na Yankin Murcia, a Spain. Ya yi karatun karatun ƙwararru a Jami'ar Complutense ta Madrid. Can, ya haɓaka aiki biyu a lokaci guda a cikin shekaru 3 na farko: aikin jarida da kimiyyar siyasa. Koyaya, daga ƙarshe ya jingina ga na farkon, don haka ya zama ya kammala karatun aikin jarida.

Pérez-Reverte, ɗan jaridar

Ya nuna aikinsa a matsayin dan rahoto na tsawon shekaru 21 a jere, daga 1973 zuwa 1994. Tsawon shekaru 12 a jaridar Arnon kuma shekaru 9 na ƙarshe a cikin TVE a matsayin masani kan rikice-rikice. A aikinsa na aikin jarida, ya ba da labarin manyan rikice-rikice a duniya, daga cikin abin da zamu iya ambata:

  • Yakin falklands
  • Yaƙin gulf
  • Yaƙin Bosniya
  • Juyin mulkin da aka yi a Tunisia.

Hakanan, daga shekara ta 91 ya yi shahararrun labaran ra'ayoyi don XLweekly (Centungiyar rukuni na Vocento). Hakanan, a cikin 1990 Pérez-Reverte ya kasance a rediyo, a cikin shirin Dokar titi de RNE (Gidan Rediyon Mutanen Espanya).  Are aikinsa a TVE, ya kasance mai daukar nauyin shirin Code na ɗaya, wanda taken shine tarihin baki.

Pérez-Reverte da wallafe-wallafe

Pérez-Reverte ya shiga harkar adabi a shekarar 1986, lokacin da ya wallafa Da hussar, littafinsa na farko, wanda aka kafa a karni na XNUMX. Shekaru biyu bayan haka ya gabatar da aikin Babban wasan zorro, ci gaba a Madrid. Duk da nauyin waɗannan ayyukan, marubucin ya fara zama sananne bayan ƙaddamar da Teburin Flanders (1990) y Kulob din Dumas (1993).

Bayan ya yi ritaya daga aikin jarida (a 1994), Pérez-Reverte ya dukufa ga karatun adabi, wanda hakan ya ba shi kwarin gwiwar kirkirar manyan litattafai. Waɗannan sun haɗa da jerin littattafan da suka haɗu da abubuwan Kyaftin Alatriste, kuma wannan ya bayyana kamar na 1996. Ana iya cewa wannan saga ne ya ba marubucin nasarorin duniya, ta yadda har aka buga shi a cikin ƙasashe sama da 40.

Tun daga 2003, Pérez-Reverte ya kasance wani ɓangare na mambobi masu wayewa na Royal Spanish Academy, suna zaune akan kujerar T. Har ila yau, a shekarar 2016 ya kafa shafin littafin Zenda, wanda shima babban edita ne. A cikin wannan shekarar ya sake fitar da wani babban tasirinsa, Lorenzo Falcó trilogy. A wannan shekarar da ta gabata marubucin ya gabatar da littattafansa biyu: Layin wuta y Kogon cyclops.

Sagas na Pérez-Reverte

Marubucin Pérez-Reverte yana da mahimmanci kuma sanannun litattafai a cikin rahotonsa, kuma a cikinsu manyan halaye biyu masu fice ne: Alatriste da Falcó. Dukansu tauraruwa ce a cikin littattafai guda biyu wanda a cikin bugun su na farko sunyi matukar nasara wanda yasa suka dace da ci gaba da labaran su. Daga can aka haifi sagas masu zuwa:

Kyaftin Alatriste Saga

Littafin tarin Alatriste ya fara ne a shekarar 1996 kuma ya kunshi litattafai 7 ne. Waɗannan suna farawa da Babban birnin Alatriste, wanda Pérez-Reverte da 'yarsa Carlota Pérez-Reverte suka shirya. Sauran ayyukan kuma marubuci ne ya ci gaba. Suna dogara ne akan labarin Diego Alatriste da Tenorio, wani soja mai ritaya na Flanders na uku.

Littattafan suna cike da aiki, suna ba da labarin abubuwan da kyaftin din ya yi a matsayin mai takobi a Madrid a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX. Wannan compendium yana nufin kafin da bayan Pérez-Reverte, wanda aka nuna a cikin tallace-tallace miliyan a duniya. Bugu da kari, an sami karbuwa da yawa na aikin, duka a cikin fim, talabijin, wasan kwaikwayo, har ma da wasan kwaikwayo. A cikin 2016, marubucin ya tattara dukkanin ayyukan, waɗanda ya kira: Duk Alatriste. Littattafan da ke tattare da tarin sune:

  • Kyaftin Alatriste (1996)
  • Tsabtace jini (1997)
  • Rana ta Breda (1998)
  • Zinariyar sarki (2000)
  • The Knight a cikin Yellow Doublet (2003)
  • Coaddamar da Corsairs (2006)
  • Gadar Masu Kashe Mutane (2011)

Falcó trilogy

A cikin 2016, Pérez-Reverte ya fara jerin littattafai uku da Lorenzo Falcó ya gabatar. Aiki ne da ke cike da sirri, tashin hankali, so da kauna da biyayya wadanda ke matsayin su na mai leken asiri dan leken asiri da fataucin makamai ba tare da hanawa ba. Ci gaban labarai yana faruwa a cikin Turai, a cikin shekarun 1936 da 1937, a lokacin Yaƙin Basasa. Kasadar da sauri sun kama mai karatu kuma suna jagorantar shi don jin motsin kowane aiki.

Falcó yana tare da mata biyu da namiji, 'yan'uwan Monteros da Eva Rengel; waɗannan abokansa ne, kuma, a lokaci guda, waɗanda aka cutar. Jerin yana da manyan tafiye-tafiye, cike da makirce-makirce, inda zaku ga ci gaba da fuskantar manyan haruffa don samun abin da suke so. Jarumin yana da halin saboda duk da yawan kyawawan halaye da zasu iya taimaka masa cimma burinsa, yana amfani da hanyoyin da ba na al'ada bane don aiwatar dasu. Tsarin da Pérez-Reverte ya yi amfani da shi ya ba shi kyakkyawan nazari da miliyoyin masu karatu.

Falcó's trilogy ya kasance:

  • Falko (2016)
  • Eva (2017)
  • Sabotage (2018)

Pérez-Reverte littattafai

Ofaya daga cikin mafi kyawun abubuwan da zasu iya faruwa ga duniyar haruffa Mutanen Espanya shine cewa Pérez-Reverte ya yanke shawarar ƙaddamar da kansa gaba ɗaya ga wallafe-wallafe. Babu shakka, alƙalaminsa ya wadatar da tasirin ayyukan ɗakin ɗakin karatu na Castilian. Wasu daga cikin fitattun littattafan marubucin sune:

Kyaftin Alatriste (1996)

Wannan aikin almara na tarihi ya ba da labarin farkon abubuwan da suka faru na mai karfin takobi da sojan yaƙi mai ritaya: Diego Alatriste da Tenorio. Labarin an saita shi ne a cikin ƙarni na goma sha bakwai na Madrid, a cikin lalataccen kuma ƙasƙantar da Spain. Iñigo Balboa, ɗan tsohon abokin yaƙi ne na kyaftin a cikin Flanders na uku.

Makircin ya fara ne da Diego Alatriste a kurkuku, saboda ya kasa biyan bashin harajin da yake bin sa. Bayan an sake shi daga kurkuku, abubuwan Alatriste sun fara. A cikin su, yaƙe-yaƙe tare da ƙarfe mai walƙiya a cikin duhun dare sune manyan jarumawa. Gualterio Malatesta —mako da mai kisan kai —, Fernando de Quevedo — mawaki kuma abokin Alatriste - da Fray Emilio Bocanegra — wani mai bincike azzalumi- kawai wasu haruffa ne da ke ba da rai ga waɗannan shafukan.

Siyarwa Kyaftin Alatriste ...
Kyaftin Alatriste ...
Babu sake dubawa

Sarauniyar Kudu (2002)

Wannan labarin ya mai da hankali ne kan rayuwar Teresa Mendoza Chávez (aka La mejicana), wata budurwa daga Sinaloa (Mexico). Bayan mutuwar saurayinta "El güero" - matukin jirgin sama wanda ke da alaƙa da ƙungiyar ta Juárez - an tilasta Teresa zuwa Spain, inda za ta sami sabon farawa, amma a matsayin mai safarar ƙwayoyi.

Makircin yana faruwa tsakanin saiti a Mexico, Spain da mashigin Gibraltar. Can, Teresa za ta yi ƙoƙari ta ɗora kanta a cikin kasuwancin da ke tattare da cin amana, ƙauna, buri da haɗama. Mutane da yawa suna jayayya cewa ya dogara ne da ainihin abubuwan da suka faru, kodayake Pérez-Reverte ya nace cewa labarin ƙage ne. An tsara wannan labari don talabijin a cikin 2011 kuma aka watsa shi a tashar Telemundo. Ya kamata a lura cewa marubucin ba ya son karbuwa.

Falko (2016)

Littafin farko na Falcó trilogy, na almara-tarihin salo, ya fara al'amuran masanin leken asiri da wakilin leken asiri: Lorenzo Falcó. Labarin ya sanya mai karatu a tsakiyar yakin basasar Spain, a cikin yanayin da aka nuna alamar rashawa da kuma inda sojojin haya suka fi biyan kuɗi.

Falcó an ɗorawa alhakin kutsawa da ceton wani muhimmin mai neman sauyi daga gidan yarin Alicante. Hanya ce ta kisan kai kusan kuma wanda zai iya canza yanayin tarihin Sifen. 'Yan'uwan Montero da Eva Rengel suna kula da rakiyar mai ba da labarin a cikin yanayin da ke cike da shakku, aiki, cin amana da muguwar sha'awa.

Siyarwa Falcó (Jerin Falcó)
Falcó (Jerin Falcó)
Babu sake dubawa

Kogon cyclops (2020)

Yana daya daga cikin litattafan karshe na Pérez-Reverte, wanda a ciki aka tattara sakonni sama da 45.000 da aka rubuta tun daga 2010 a kan Twitter - hanyar sadarwar da marubucin ya kira "kogon cyclops" (kuma kun rigaya kun san inda Sunan yake) -. Aikin ya ƙunshi shekaru 10 na gajere, amma tunani mai mahimmanci, galibi daga adabi. Layin sa ya sake zama a cikin abin da ake kira mashaya Lola, wuri ne mai kyau inda marubucin ya sadu da mabiyan sa kuma ya ba da damar tattaunawa mai mahimmanci.

Ga masu sha'awar, Kogon cyclops yana samuwa a tsari eBook

Sauran littattafan na Pérez-Reverte

  • Hussar (1986)
  • Babban wasan zorro (1988)
  • Teburin Flanders (1990)
  • Kulob din Dumas (1993)
  • Inuwar gaggafa (1993)
  • Yankin Comanche (1994)
  • Al'amarin girmamawa (Kachito) (1995)
  • Gajeren aiki (1995)
  • Fatar Drum (1995)
  • Harafin mai faɗi (2000)
  • Tare da niyyar yin laifi (2001)
  • Sarauniyar Kudu (2002)
  • Cape Trafalgar (2004)
  • Kada ku kama ni da rai (2005)
  • Mai zanen yaƙe-yaƙe (2006)
  • Ranar fushi (2007)
  • Blue idanu (2009)
  • Lokacin da aka karrama mu dan haya (2009)
  • Kewaye (2010)
  • Karamin Hoplite (2010)
  • Jiragen ruwa sukan ɓace a bakin teku (2011)
  • Tango na tsohon mai gadi (2012)
  • Maharbi mai haƙuri (2013)
  • Karnuka da 'ya'yan karuwai (2014)
  • Mazaje nagari (2015)
  • Yaƙin basasa ya faɗa wa matasa (2015)
  • Karnuka masu wuya ba sa rawa (2018)
  • Tarihin Spain (2019)
  • Sidi (2019)
  • Layin na wuta (2020)

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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