Luis de Camoes, ranar tunawa da mutuwarsa. Wakoki 4

Kabarin Luis de Camoes. Hoto (c) Brian Snelson. Flickr.

Luis de Camoes mawaki ne na ƙasar Fotigal. Yau sabuwa ranar tunawa da mutuwarsa en Lisboa en 1580, inda ya zauna kuma. Mafi sanannen aikin waƙoƙi shi ne 'Yan Luwadi, amma kuma ya rubuta comedies uku na wasan kwaikwayo. Tare da rayuwa mai tsananin gaske tsakanin kotu, kurkuku da tafiye-tafiye, a ƙarshen kwanakinsa ya rayu cikin talauci da rashin lafiya. A cikin ƙwaƙwalwarsa Ina haskaka waɗannan waƙoƙin 4.

Luis de Camoes ne adam wata

An yi imani cewa an haife shi a ciki Lisboa a 1524 kuma cewa yayi karatu a Jami'ar Coimbra. Ya koma Lisbon a cikin 1542, inda yake yawan zuwa fadar sarki Yahaya iii, inda ya sanar da baiwarsa ta waka. Amma dole ne ya tafi gudun hijira saboda wani al'amari.

A 1547 ya fara nasa aikin soja kuma a cikin 1550 ya koma Lisbon, inda ya sake fuskantar matsaloli kuma aka ɗaure shi don a Fadan titi. Bayan ya bar shekara uku bayan haka, ya tafi Indiya, ya tsira daga haɗarin jirgin ruwa ya koma Lisbon a cikin 1570.

Babban jigon waƙarsa shi ne rikice-rikice tsakanin soyayya da son sha'awa da kuma kyakkyawar manufa ta Neoplatonic na ƙauna ta ruhaniya. Kunnawa 'Yan Luwadi, sanannen aikinsa, ya ɗaukaka fa'idodin 'ya'yan Lusa, da Fotigal, amma hakan ya nuna tsananin haushi game da mawuyacin halin mulkin mallaka na Fotigal. Wannan daidai sautin rashin tsammani ya kasance a cikin waƙarta. Ya kuma kasance marubucin comedies uku: Mai watsa shiri, Sarki Seleucus  y Philodemus.

Wakoki 4

Ina so in tafi, uwa

Ina so in tafi, uwa,
zuwa wancan galley,
tare da mai jirgi
ya zama mai jirgin ruwa.

Uwa, idan na tafi,
duk abin da nake so,
Ba na son shi
cewa Soyayya tana so.
Wannan yaron mai zafin rai
sa ni mutu
ta mai jirgi
ya zama mai jirgin ruwa.

Wanda zai iya yin komai
uwa, ba za ku
To rai yana tafiya
bar jiki ya zauna.
Tare da shi, wanda zan mutu saboda shi
Zan tafi, saboda ban mutu ba:
cewa idan shi mai jirgin ruwa ne,
Zan kasance mai jirgin ruwa

Doka ce ta zalunci
na yaron sir
cewa don soyayya
an watsar da sarki.
To wannan hanyar
Ina so in tafi, ina so,
ta mai jirgi
ya zama mai jirgin ruwa.

Faɗi kalaman, lokacin
kin yi ado budurwa,
kasancewa mai taushi da kyau,
je lilo?
Amma abin da ba a tsammani
da wancan yaron mai zafin rai?
Duba wanda nake so:
zama teku.

***

Idanu, kun cuce ni

Idanuna, kun cutar da ni,
gama kashe ni;
ƙari, matacce, sake dubana,
saboda ka tayar dani.

To kun ba ni irin wannan rauni
yana so ya kashe ni,
mutuwa sa'a ce a gare ni,
Da kyau, ta hanyar mutuwa kun bani rai.
Idanu, me kuke tsayawa?
Ka gama kashe ni yanzu;
ƙari, matacce, sake dubana,
saboda ka tayar dani.

Ciwon, dama, na riga na ne,
ko da yake, idanu, ba ku so;
amma idan ka ba ni mutuwa,
mutuwa farin ciki ne a gare ni.
Don haka ina cewa gama,
oh idanu, riga ya kashe ni;
ƙari, matacce, sake dubana,
saboda ka tayar dani.

***

Ganin kyawunki, ya masoyina

Ganin kyawunki, ya masoyina,
daga idanuna mafi dadin abinci,
tunani na yayi yawa
Na riga na san sama a cikin ruhun ku.

Kuma yawancin ƙasar na ɓata
cewa ban kimanta komai ba a cikin yardar ka,
kuma na tsunduma cikin tunanin al'ajabin ka
Ni bebe ne, mai kyau ne, kuma ni mai cikakken iko ne.

Kallon mu, Uwargida, sai na rikice,
ga duk wanda yasan tunanin ka
ce iya ba ka kyau alheri.

Domin duniya tana ganin kyawunta sosai
cewa ba abin mamaki bane ga wanda ya yi ka
Shine marubucin sama da taurari.

***

Lokaci da wasiyya suna canzawa

Lokaci da wasiyyai suna canzawa;
Kasancewa canje-canje, amintuwa ya canza;
duniya tayi da motsi
koyaushe shan sabbin halaye.

Muna ci gaba da kallon labarai
daban a cikin komai don fata;
daga sharri ya kasance hukuncin a cikin membobin;
kuma daga masu kyau, idan akwai, saudades.

Lokaci ya juya don rufewa tare da alkyabbar kore
Kwarin da dusar ƙanƙara ke haskakawa:
wannan waka ta zama kuka a cikina.

Kuma, ban da wannan canjin kowace rana,
motsi, akwai wani mafi firgitarwa:
cewa baya motsawa kamar yadda yake ada.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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