Pearl S. Buck na ranar haihuwa. Tarihin rayuwa da aiki.

A yau, 26 ga Yuni, sabuwar shekara ce ta nacimiento daga Ba'amurke marubuci Pearl S. Buck. Ya ciyar da kyakkyawan ɓangare na rayuwarsa a ciki Sin kuma ta haka ne sagas da al'adun gabas suka rinjayi aikinsa. Ya karbi lambar yabon Nobel en 1938.

A gare ni Pearl S. Buck ne mai marubucin tunani hakan ya karfafa min gwiwa game da aikina na kashin kai. Don haka Ina nazarin wasu littattafansa, littattafan da suke gida tunda zan iya tunawa.


Cikakken sunansa shine Lu'u-lu'u Sydenstricker Buck kuma an haife ta ne a Hillsboro a shekarar 1892. 'Yar mishaneri Presbyterian, ta zauna a Asiya har zuwa 1933. Buck ya yi aiki a madadin 'yancin jama'a da na mata kuma sun kafa Gidan Maraba, hukuma ta farko da ta karbi tallafi daga al'adu daban-daban.

Ayyukan farko

Littafinsa na farko shine Iskar gabas, iskar yamma (1930), wanda aka biyo baya Kyakkyawan ƙasa (1931), wanda aka saita a China a cikin 20. Babbar nasara ce mai mahimmanci wacce ta kai ta ga lashe Pulitzer Prize. Lissafi ne cikakke kuma cikakke game da al'adun Sinawa. An yi la'akari da ɗayan mashahuran karni na 1937. An daidaita shi zuwa silima a XNUMX.

Kyakkyawan ƙasa shine ɓangaren farko na trilogy wanda aka kammala shi Yara (1932) y Gida mai raba (1935). A ciki, taken al'adun gargajiya na kasar Sin ana kiyaye shi ta hanyar wakilcin zamantakewar mutum uku: talakawa, jarumi da dalibi.

Juyin juya hali, 'yan kasuwa, talakawa, da masu karamci sun bayyana a cikin duk taken ukun. Suna nuna yanayi daban-daban a kusa da Wang Lung dangi, game da hawansa mai wahala na zamantakewar al'umma har zuwa faduwarsa ta karshe. Matsalolin farko masu wahala tare da matsalolin ajiyar kuɗi da yadda suke samun dukiyar su a yayin hawa da koma baya na halayen burgesois da jin daɗin su.

Sauran litattafai da gajerun labarai

Daga baya a 1934 ya buga Uwa da kuma a cikin 1942 Tseren dragon, wani sabon labari inda ya goyi bayan gwagwarmayar Sinawa game da mulkin mallaka da mamayar Japan. Labarin labarin wani magidanci ne wanda ke zaune kusa da Nanking. Anyi fasalin fim a cikin 1944 kodayake ba tare da samun nasara ba, amma yana da sha'awar ganin ɗan wasan yamma tare da ƙyallen idanu, kamar Katharine Hepburn.

Pearl S. Buck shima ya rubuta da yawa maganganu, tattara a ƙarƙashin taken Matar farko. Suna ba da labarin manyan canje-canje a cikin al'umma da rayuwa a ƙasarsu ta asali. Manyan batutuwan da suke mu'amala dasu sune sabani tsakanin al'adar gargajiya ta China da sabbin al'ummomi, da kuma duniya mai cike da kuzari da kuma kaifin ra'ayin masu ra'ayin gurguzu.

Alkawarin

Wannan labari ya sake bayyana Gwagwarmayar jama'ar China game da Jafanawa. A ciki mun sami manoma, fatake, 'yan daba, ɗalibai da masu fada a ji. A cikin wannan banbancin zane na zamantakewar, ba tare da sha'awar sha'awa ba, haruffan manomi Ling Tan, na 'ya'yansa, kuma na kyawawan Mayli Su biyun zasu rayu wasan kwaikwayo wanda ainihin da soyayya suke haɗe, kuma duka ɓangarorin suna tafiya daidai.

Mai kishin kasa

Labari ne na rayuwa a cikin China da Japan a cikin shekarun da suka fi chanzawa. Yana farawa da juyin juya halin dalibai kuma ya ƙare a cikin tsaunukan ciki na ƙasar Sin, a cikin mafi wahala da wahalar yaƙi da mamayar Japan. Amma kuma yana da babban labarin soyayya.

Sauran alloli

Wannan littafin yana ba da labarin wani matar da ta auri shahararren mutum, dan wasan Amurka, gunkin talakawa. Amma a zahiri da sirri, wannan mutumin kawai yake facade, wimp ba tare da hali ba. Koyaya, matarsa ​​tana son shi kuma ta fi so ɓoye gaskiyar yaudara wato mijinta. Tambayar ita ce ko za a yi nasara ko a'a.

Mutuwa a fada

Tare da sautin na shakku da makirci, wannan littafin duka ɗan ƙaramin abu ne kuma ɗaya daga cikin ayyukan da suka cika by Mazaje Ne

Wasu Ba'amurkewa suna so su sayi masarautar Ingilishi karni na XNUMX don matsar da ita zuwa Connecticut. Amma kagaggen gidaje a asiri cewa masu su basa son bayyanawa. Amma duk masu sha'awar siyan shi da baƙi sun nace kan gano shi.

A ƙarshe, Abun al'ajabi na har abada

An rubuta a ciki 1973, dama a ƙarshen rayuwarta, ta ɓoye har zuwa kwanan nan. An samo shi a cikin ɗakin ajiyar gonar Texas kuma an buga shi azaman babban taron bugawa. Yana da wani labarin soyayya kuma an dauke shi ƙarin aiki na sirri da son rai marubucin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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