Agatha Christie: littattafai

Littattafan Agatha Christie.

Agatha Christie: Fitattun Littattafai.

Idan kun bincika yanar gizo don kalmomin "littattafan Agatha Christie," kuna buƙatar kyakkyawan aikin wallafe-wallafe. Specialwararrun masanan adabi suna ɗaukar marubuci a matsayin gunki na baki labari, waccan duniya mai launin toka. Salon labarin Christie ya haɗu da abubuwa irin na salon Sherlock Holmes, ko da yake tare da babban satirical touch da irony, har ma zuwa kanta. Manyan jaruman nata suna nuna kyakkyawan wayewa, karfin zuciya, zalunci, 'yanci da rashin hankali, halaye masu dabi'a - misali - a daya daga cikin fitattun batutuwa: Hercule Poirot.

Christie (15 ga Satumba, 1890 - Janairu 12, 1976) An haife shi a Torquay, Devon, Burtaniya. SCikakken sunanta Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller. Ita ce ƙarami daga cikin 'yan uwa uku daga auren tsakanin Frederick Alvah Miller da Clara Boehmer.

Yara, saurayi da tasiri

Yaransa ya kasance a Ashfield, a cikin gidan da ke kewaye da ciyawa da bishiyoyi.. Wannan wurin zai taimaka wa yawancin wuraren da aka aikata laifukan da aka ambata a cikin litattafansa, tare da mazaunan da ke cikin nutsuwa - a bayyane - amma suna iya kisan kai tare da madaidaici da jinin sanyi (don karɓar gadon da yake da niyya ko kawar da miji mai haushi).

Kuruciyata ta kasance irin ta 'yar Biritaniya wacce take cikin ajin masu kuɗi. Ya sami koyarwar gida daga iyayensa da masu koyarwa masu zaman kansu. Ta koyi waƙa, zane, girke-girke, da aikin lambu. A wannan lokacin ya karanta tatsuniyoyi da yawa, Dickens da Conan Doyle. Har ila yau, ta yi tafiye-tafiye da yawa, kasancewar Riviera da Misira wurare biyu ne da ke nuna ta sosai.

Mahaifinta ɗan birni ne daga New York kuma mahaifiyarsa wata ƙwararriyar mace ce ta Ingilishi wacce take da hannu dumu-dumu a cikin ƙirƙirar samari Agatha kuma ta ƙarfafa ta ta yi rubutu tun tana ƙarama. A wancan lokacin ya gina haruffa bisa ga sanannun masu binciken zamaninsa, amma kadan kadan kadan sai ya kara nasa halaye. Dangane da aikinsa, akwai adadi mai yawa na son sani na adabi.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Agatha Christie: son sani game da Babbar Matar Laifi.
Agatha Christie ta nakalto.

Agatha Christie ta nakalto.

A cikin 1912 ta sadu kuma ta yi aure da Mista Archibald Christie, wanda ta aura bayan shekaru biyu.. Mijinta ya kasance matukin jirgin sama, ya shiga cikin Sojojin Faransa a lokacin Yaƙin Babban, yayin da Agatha ya ba da kansa a Asibitin Red Cross na Torquay. Wannan kwarewar ta taimaka masa wajen nazarin ilimin halayyar mutane, wanda aka bayyana sosai a cikin litattafansa.

Da farko wallafe-wallafe

An sanya Agatha Christie zuwa dakin shan magani na asibiti lokacin da yakin ya kare, a can ne ta fara haduwa da gubar da za ta yi amfani da shi daga baya a labarinta. Haka kuma, ta zama mai karanta littafin Doyle da wasan kwaikwayo na 'yan sanda na Chesterton. Yayin da yaƙin ke ƙarewa, ya fara rubuta littafinsa na farko, Lamarin Sirrin Salo, tare da ƙaunataccen mai bincikensa Poirot.

An buga labarin a cikin 1920 ta Bodley Head Publishing., daga Landan, godiya ga John Lane, bayan da masu bugawa daban-daban har shida suka ƙi shi. Wancan kwangilar ta farko ba ta da fa'ida ga marubucin, amma ta yi matukar farin ciki da a kalla a buga ta. Koyaya, bayan ta bi sauran littattafan guda hudun da aka yarda dasu, ta yanke shawarar neman ingantattun yanayi.

Bayan yakin Christie ya bi ta Afirka ta Kudu, Australia, New Zealand, Canada da Amurka, ta wannan hanyar, ya sami ilimin da ya ƙara inganta aikinsa. Bugu da kari, tsakanin 1921 da 1925 ya buga gajerun labarai cikin mujallu (shekaru bayan haka an tattara su a cikin kundin) wanda ya ba shi sabon samun kudin shiga akai-akai.

Hakazalika, a cikin wadannan shekarun ya rubuta littattafai waɗanda za su yi nasara a cikin 'yan shekarun bayan haka, a cikin waɗanda za a iya suna Kisa a cikin Hanya (1923), Namiji Mai Sanye Da Kayan Kawa (1924) y Sirrin hayaki (1925). Kodayake zai kasance Abokin Kishiya (1922) mafi shahararren mashahurin shirin aiwatarwa tsakanin 'yan leken asiri. A wannan lokacin ya ɗauki cikin 'yarsa Rosaleen.

Hoton Agatha Christie.

Marubuciya Agatha Christie.

Nasarar adabi da saki

Kisan Rogelio Ackroyd Taken labarin ɗan sanda ne wanda a 1926 ya ba Agatha cikakken suna, wacce a wannan shekarar ta yanke shawarar amfani da sunan mijinta sosai a matsayin sunan adabi. Yana daga cikin fitattun ayyukansa; koyaushe yana haɗa abubuwan ban mamaki da jagororin ƙarya, farawa da mai ba da labarin, Dokta Sheppard, wanda ya zama mai kisan kai.

Shekarun da suka biyo baya sun kasance masu wahala ga marubucin, saboda ta yi fama da mutuwar mahaifiyarta da kuma halin da take ciki. Jimawa kadan bayan haka ta sake aure, a cikin 1928, saboda mijinta ya bar ta ga wata mace. Taimakonsa kawai a lokacin waɗannan mawuyacin lokacin yana rubuce-rubuce da 'yarsa Rosaleen, wacce ta zauna tare da shi kimanin shekara ɗaya da rabi a Tsibirin Canary.

Duk da yanayin, Agatha Christie ya sami damar buga wasu ayyukan da yawa: Manyan hudu (1927), Sirrin Jirgin Ruwa (1928), Alamu Bakwai Na Sirri (1929), Kisan kai a cikin Villa del Vicario (1930) y Kattai 'Jam (1930 - a ƙarƙashin sunan Mary Westmacott, wanda aka yi amfani da shi don labaran soyayya, galibi).

Sabuwar isowa ta soyayya da yakin duniya na II

A yayin tafiya zuwa Iraki a shekarar 1930 Agatha ta hadu da Max Mallowan, wani mashahurin masanin ilmin kimiya na kayan tarihi wanda daga baya ya aura. Ya girme ta da shekaru goma, saboda wannan dalilin marubucin da farko ya yi jinkirin kulla wata yarjejeniya ta biyu, amma sai ya amince. Tun daga wannan lokacin, za ta raka mijinta zuwa wurare daban-daban a Girka, Siriya da Iraki, yayin da shi kuma ya yi aikin haƙa shi kuma ta taimaka da kayan hotunan.

Amma za a katse auren cikin farin ciki galibin Yaƙin Duniya na II., kamar yadda Farfesa Mallowan ya kasance a matsayin mai ba da shawara ga lamuran Larabawa ga Sojojin Birtaniyya a Arewacin Afirka, saboda iliminsa na yare da al'adun Gabas ta Tsakiya.

A lokacin rikicin, marubucin ya shiga aikin sa kai a Asibitin Kwalejin Jami'a na Landan. A wannan cibiyar kiwon lafiyar ya yi rubutu ba da dadewa, akwai ayyuka da yawa da aka samar wadanda wasu suke so Mai Kishin Barci (1976) an adana ta cikin notary don bugawa bayan mutuwarsa. Sauran manyan lakabi daga wannan shekarun sun kasance Jikin a cikin Laburaren (1942), Mutuwa Tazo Karshe (1944) y Rashin rashi a lokacin bazara (1944 - kamar yadda Westmacott).

Agatha Christie: Littattafai da Balaguro

De Waɗannan sauye-sauye na yau da kullun sun sa shi haɓaka yawancin wurarensa don wallafe-wallafensa na gaba.. Ta haka ne, suka fito —a tsakanin wasu laƙabi da yawa- Kisan kai akan Gabas ta Gabas (1934), Kisan kai a Mesopotamiya (1936), Mutuwa a Kogin Nilu (1937) y Kwanan Wata tare da Mutuwa: Sirrin Poirot (1938).

Har zuwa mutuwarta Agatha Christie ta ci gaba da rubuta littattafai marasa ƙima da gajerun labarai, da yawa daga cikinsu suna tare da Hercule Poirot, wanda ya ba da kyakkyawar ƙarshen tare Labule (an buga shi a cikin 1975, amma an rubuta shi a lokacin 40s).

Hoto daga "Kisan kai da sauƙi", ɗayan littattafan Agatha Christie.

"Kisan kai da sauki", ɗayan littattafan Agatha Christie.

Bugu da kari, marubucin ya shirya kuma ya kula da wasan kwaikwayo da ake yabawa sosai kamar su Mousetrap (1952). Gabaɗaya, littattafan Agatha Christie sun sayar da kofi sama da miliyan 300, sun ci gaba da bugawa da yawa, kuma an fassara su zuwa fiye da harsuna 28.

Aikinsa ya kasance Mafi sayarwa mafi mahimmanci a cikin littafin tarihin ɗan sanda, tare da wasanni da yawa a wasan kwaikwayo, fim da talabijin. Mutane kalilan ne a cikin duniyar yau da suka taɓa yin magana kai tsaye ko kuma kai tsaye ba tare da ilimin iliminsu ba.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Interrobang m

    Kawai a bayyana cewa Agatha Christie bata taba rubuta wani littafin labarin laifi ba, nata littafin labari ne ko kuma mai rikitarwa.
    Na gode.

  2.   ALLAN m

    Ina karanta kararraki 8 don Poirot, na riga na gama shi.