José Zorrilla. Mafi yawa fiye da Don Juan Tenorio. Wakoki 4

Don bayarwa Jose Zorrilla muna bin sa bashi da yawa TenorioAmma don Juan ɗan iska ya cinye sauran shahararsa a matsayin mawaƙi. Don haka a yau, a yayin bikin nasa ranar haihuwariga 203 Fabrairu tunda aka haifeshi a Valladolid, Na yi haraji da tuna wani abu game da hakan aikin waka, wanda kuma an yi bikin sosai kuma an san shi. Shi kuma sunansa, wanda yake sha'awar kuma daga baya aboki José de Kasancewa sune watakila shahararrun muryoyin soyayya a baiti na karni na XIX a cikin ƙasarmu. Can suka tafi 4 daga cikin wakokinsa.

Jose Zorrilla

Gaskiya ne cewa Zorrilla ya sami rashin mutuwa tare da wasan kwaikwayo kamar Don Juan Tenorio o Mayaudara, wanda ba a san shi ba kuma ya yi shahadaamma su almara (Alƙali mai kyau, mafi kyawun shaida, Kyaftin Montoya, Margarita mai juyawa) y shayari Su ma sun fi ban mamaki. Haɗa jigo mai addini (Fushin Allah), mai kauna (Memorywaƙwalwar ajiya da damuwa) o falsafa (Tatsuniyoyin mahaukaci).

Ya kasance mai kwazo masoyan marubuta masu karatu kamar yadda Walter scott, Away Dumas da Victor Hugo, ko kuma abokan aikinsa na zamani kamar su Espronceda da aka ambata a baya ko Duke na Rivas. Kuma tabbas ya sami tasirinsa. Fahimtar ta zo ne da waka da ya sadaukar Mariano Jose de Larra a jana'izar sa. Kuma ya kuma rubuta tarihin rayuwarsa a Tunawa da tsohon lokaci.

Waɗannan su ne 4 daga gajerun waqoqinsa, amma kowa ya cancanci karantawa.

Karin magana

Cire girgije mai ƙamshi daga idanunka ...

A nesa da idanunka turaren girgije
cewa annurin rufe mu cewa fuskarka ba,
kuma ba mu, Maryamu, ku gani daga uwa,
inda aminci, rayuwa da kuma kufai.

Kai, mur na mur. Ya ku mahimmin tsarkakewa;
Kai, furen aljanna da na taurari masu haske,
Na san garkuwa da tsari daga rauni na mutum
ta Jinin Allahn wanda ya mutu akan Gicciye.

Kai, ya Maryama, hasken fitila
wannan yana haskakawa daga rayuwa kusa da teku mai wahala,
da kuma zuwa ga albarkarka mai albarka faintly advance
castaway wanda yake burin taɓawa a cikin Adnin.

Tursasa ta, ya mahaifiya mai girma, numfashin sarki
karyayyar kyandir na batta mara dadi;
Ka koya masa tafarkinsa da hannu mai juyayi,
kar zuciyata ta baci a cikin sa.

***

Bone ya tabbata ga mai baƙin ciki!

Bone ya tabbata ga mai baƙin ciki wanda yake cinyewa
kasancewarka cikin jira!
Bone ya tabbata ga mai baƙin ciki wanda ya ɗauka
cewa duel wanda aka birkice shi
wanda baya nan yayi nauyi!

Fata daga sama yake
kyauta mai tamani kuma mai kisa,
To, masoya su kasance a farke
sun mai da bege zuwa kishi
hakan yana kona zuciya.

Idan abin da ake tsammani gaskiya ne,
hakika jaje ne;
amma kasancewarta chimera,
cikin irin wannan gaskiyar
wanda ke jiran yanke tsammani.

***

Zuwa ga ‘yata

A saman dutsen
Wannan ya zama iyaka.
aika muku da sahihiyar ruhi
sumba da waƙa;
dauke su; cewa daga Spain
dole ne su tafi su ba da raina,
a cikin ranka wakoki na,
sumba ta a cikin zuciyar ka.

Mahaifinka, a bayan dutse
cewa duka biyu ba iyaka bane,
yana ɗauke da amincin gaske
na marubucin wannan song.
Karɓi, to, daga Spain
sumbace kuma raira, rayuwata,
shayari a cikin ranku
da kuma sumbatar zuciya.

Idan wata rana daga wannan dutsen
wuce ko ƙetare iyakar,
zaka ga mai gaskiya
Waye yayi maka wannan wakar,
cewa mutuncin Spain
waye ya sani, rayuwata,
ba shayari ga rai
kuma yana sumbatar zuciya.

***

Zuwa Spain mai fasaha

M, Spain da baƙin ciki,
Wanda bene, carpet da tunani,
Yana sipping nasa daukaka
Littlean ƙaramin abu ne a cikin kowane ɗaukakar fasaha: Mayaudari da aboki ba tare da kunya ba sun yaudare ku,
An sayi dukiyarku da slags,
Abubuwan tarihinku, oh! da labaranku,
An siyar da su zuwa baƙon ƙasa.
Wannan don kyauta ka ba da kanka ga wanda kuma zai iya
Don rashin girgiza hannayenku marasa kyau! Ee, ku zo, na yi wa'adi ga Allah! ga abin da ya rage,
Foreignersasashen waje masu saurin kai, yaya girman kai
Kun sanya Spain ta zama gwanjo!

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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