Jorge Luis Borges: nasara a cikin wasiƙu, nadama cikin kauna

Jorge Luis Borges, nasara a cikin wasiƙu, nadama cikin kauna.

Jorge Luis Borges, nasara a cikin wasiƙu, nadama cikin kauna.

Argentina ta kasance a cikin Jorge Luis Borges wata baƙuwar wasiƙu da ba za a iya sokewa ba, tushen hikima ce cewa mutuwa ce kawai za ta iya rufewa don kada wasu digo-digo su tsiro. Koyaya, duk da shan wahala abin da ke jiran kowane mai wucewa cikin wannan ƙimar da muke kira rayuwa, ruwan da ya kwarara daga wannan ƙaton ya ci gaba da ciyar da tunanin mutane da ransu.

Mai ba da labari? Ee; Mai lalata littattafan?, Kuma; Wani masanin falsafa?, Tabbas; Mawaki?, Kamar 'yan kaɗan. Jorge Luis Borges ya zo ga kalmomin don kada su zama iri ɗaya. Koyaya, menene ainihi muka sani game da rayuwar soyayya ta wannan malami masani? Me ayyukansa ke gaya mana game dashi? Me masu tarihinsa suka ce? Akwai fannoni masu ban sha'awa da suka bayyana, kuma za a kawo su yau.

Jorge Luis Borges: nasara a cikin wasiƙu

Wanda bai karanta ba bai ji labarinsa ba Aleph o Almara? Yana da wuya a sami mai karatu na yau da kullun wanda bai yi ba. Waɗannan ayyukan, kasancewa iota ne kawai na abin da za mu iya kira "kwararar Borgean" misali ne wanda babu shakka game da ƙwarewar harshe ta fuskoki daban-daban. Karatun Borges ya kama aikin, abin birgewa, rikice-rikice.

Masana ilimin harshe sun gano wasu storiesan labarai qualitiesan adabin marubucin ɗan Argentina. Ba a ruwan sama ba ruwan sama na abubuwan da aka san su da su: Kyautar Kudus a 1971, Kyautar Edgar ta Musamman a 1976, Miguel de Cervantes Prize a 1980, da daina ƙidaya. Haka ne, nasarar Jorge Luis Borges a cikin waƙoƙin ya bayyana.

Jorge Luis Borges: nadama cikin kauna

Yanzu, menene aka ce game da Borges cikin ƙauna? Me aikinsa ya ce? Me masana tarihin ku suka ce. Gaskiyar ita ce aikin waƙinsa ya nuna kaɗan game da kusanci. Mawaƙin yana nuna a cikin waƙarsa wani shamaki wanda ya raba shi da wannan sha'awar, daidai so, na nama, na miji da mata. A zahiri, yanayin jima'i a cikin wallafe-wallafensa kusan ba shi da kyau. Kuma a'a, ba wai ba shi da ƙauna da ji ba, amma ba tare da tsananin abin da yake so ba, ba tare da isarwar da ya samar ba.

Jumla daga Jorge Luis Borges.

Jumla daga Jorge Luis Borges.

Ya isa karanta waƙa ta biyu ta 1964 don ganin wannan gaskiyar ɗan kaɗan:

1964, II

Ba zan ƙara yin farin ciki ba. Wataƙila ba damuwa.
Akwai sauran abubuwa da yawa a duniya;
kowane lokaci yana da zurfi
kuma ya banbanta fiye da teku. Rayuwa takaitacciya ce

Kuma kodayake awannin suna da tsayi, daya
duhu abin mamaki yana bin mu,
mutuwa, waccan teku, waccan kibiyar
hakan ke 'yantar da mu daga rana da wata

da soyayya. Ni'imar da kuka bani
kuma ka karbe daga gare ni dole a goge shi;
Abin da ya kasance komai ya zama komai.

Kawai ina da farin cikin yin bakin ciki,
wannan halayyar banza da ke zuga ni
zuwa Kudu, zuwa takamaiman kofa, zuwa wani kusurwa ».

Estela Canto da mahaifiyar Borges

Hakanan an gabatar da adadi na mahaifiyarsa a cikin wannan yanayin, na yanzu, tilastawa, sarrafa 'yanci da yanke shawara na mawaƙin. Wani lamari mai ban sha'awa ya faru tare da mai fassara Estela Canto, matar da ta wanzu Aleph. Haka ne, Borges ya ƙaunace ta da hankali a cikin 1944. Samfurin wannan ƙaunar an haife shi wanda zai zama sanannen labarin marubucin.

Borges ya cinye ta da kowane bayani, tare da mafi kyawun abin sa: wasiƙu. Koyaya, ba da daɗewa ba mahaifiyar Borges ta fara tsoma baki a cikin dangantakar, kasancewar ta rabu da Estela. An zargi mai fassara da cewa ba ta da iko saboda ba ta dace da abubuwan zamantakewar lokacin ba. Gaskiyar ita ce Leonor, mahaifiyar mawaƙin, ta cimma burinta kuma ta ƙare dangantakar.

Daga can ne suka bi jerin rashin jituwa tsakanin su biyun, kodayake, shekaru bayan haka Borges ne wanda ba ya son komai tare da Estela.

Borges da Elsa Helena Astete Millán

Elsa Helena Astete Millán budurwar Borges ce a ƙuruciya. Bayan ɗan lokaci suka rabu, ta yi aure, kuma Borges ya yi watsi da komawar wannan ƙaunar. Koyaya, ta kasance bazawara shekaru da yawa daga baya, kuma ya yanke shawarar neman aurenta. Wannan ita ce ƙungiyar ƙa'idar mawaki ta farko, Borges tana da shekara 68 kuma tana da shekara 56 (a 1967).

Wannan ba auren mafarki bane, yakai shekaru 4 kawai. Kuma kodayake abin kamar baƙon abu ne a cikin mutumin zamanin Borges, inuwar mahaifiyarsa, wacce ke raye, ta dage.

Maria Kodama, nadamar ta kare kuwa?

Bayan mutuwar mahaifiyar Borges (Leonor yana da shekara 99) wata budurwa ta bayyana a cikin rayuwar mawaƙin, wanda wannan lokacin ya zo ya zauna. Sunan yarinyar Mariya Kodama. Sun sadu a lokacin ziyarar Borges zuwa Amurka kuma tun daga wannan sun zama ba za a iya rabuwa ba. 

Bayan fitattun matsalolin gani na Borges, da shekarun da ba su wuce a banza ba, sai ta zama ta zama dole a gare shi, kuma saboda sha'awa da kauna da Kodama ya ji, ta ɗauki aikin ta tare da kwazo. Ma'auratan, tare da babban rata a bambancin shekaru (sama da 50), sun yi aure shekara goma sha bayan haɗuwarsu. Borges ya mutu kusan watanni biyu bayan haka kuma ya bar duk kayansa tare da Kodama.

A wannan ƙarshen ba zato ba tsammani, baƙin cikin Borges ya sake juyowa, kuma an kare aikinsa sosai a hannun mai kula da babu irinsa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.