Jiran Godot

Yanayin Irish

Yanayin Irish

Jiran Godot (1948) wasan kwaikwayo ne na gidan wasan kwaikwayo mara kyau wanda ɗan ƙasar Irish Samuel Beckett ya rubuta. Daga cikin duk faɗin marubucin marubucin, wannan “Tragicomedy a cikin ayyuka biyu” - kamar yadda aka yi wa lakabi da ƙaramin rubutu - shine rubutun da aka fi sani da shi a duk duniya. Yana da kyau a lura cewa yanki ne wanda ya gabatar da Beckett a cikin sararin wasan kwaikwayo, kuma ya sami lambar yabo ta Nobel ta Adabi a 1969.

Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa ita ce Beckett - ƙwararren masanin harshe kuma masanin ilimin ɗan adam - ya yi amfani da yaren Faransanci don rubuta wannan aikin. Ba a banza ba littafin na taken An buga shi a ƙarƙashin alamar Faransanci Les Éditions de Minuit, shekaru hudu bayan an rubuta shi (1952). Jiran Godot An fara gabatar da shi a mataki a ranar 5 ga Janairu, 1953, a Paris.

Takaitaccen aikin

Beckett ya raba aikin ta hanya mai sauƙi: a cikin ayyuka biyu.

Aiki na farko

A wannan ɓangaren, makircin yana nuna Vladimir da Estragon suna isa wani mataki wanda ya ƙunshi «Hanya a fagen. Itace. —Ana kiyaye waɗannan abubuwan a duk lokacin aikin- Wata rana. ” A haruffa saka m da m, wanda ke sa ya zama mai yiwuwa su zama mutane marasa gida, tunda ba a san komai na zahiri game da su ba. Daga ina suka fito, abin da ya faru a baya da kuma dalilin da yasa suke yin irin wannan suturar gaba ɗaya.

Godot: dalilin jira

Abin da aka sani da gaske, kuma aikin yana da alhakin sanar da shi sosai, shine wancan suna jiran wani "Godot". Wanene? ​​Ba wanda ya saniDuk da haka, rubutun yana ba da wannan sifa mai ƙarfi tare da ikon magance wahalar waɗanda ke jiransa.

Zuwan Pozzo da Lucky

Yayin da suke jiran wanda bai isa ba, Didi da Gogo - kamar yadda kuma aka sani da jarumai - tattaunawa bayan tattaunawa tana yawo cikin banza da nutsewa cikin banza na "kasancewa". Bayan dan lokaci, Pozzo - mai shi kuma ubangijin wurin da suke tafiya, a cewarsa - da bawansa Lucky sun shiga jira.

Pozzo an zana kamar abin alfaharin attajiri. Bayan isowarsa, yana jaddada ikonsa kuma yana ƙoƙarin fitar da kamun kai da amincewa. Koyaya, yayin da lokaci ke ƙonewa cikin gulma, zai zama a bayyane cewa - kamar sauran haruffan - mutumin hamshakin yana cikin mawuyacin hali: bai san dalili ko dalilin wanzuwar sa ba. M, a nasa bangaren, shi mai biyayya ne kuma abin dogaro, bawa.

Saƙo mai karaya wanda ke tsawaita jira

Sama'ila Beckett

Sama'ila Beckett

Lokacin da ranar ke gab da ƙarewa ba tare da alamar Godot zai zo ba, wani abin da ba a zata ba ya faru: yaro ya bayyana. Wannan yana kusa da inda Pozzo, Lucky, Gogo da Didi suke yawo y sanar da su cewa, Iya OK Godot ba zai zo ba, Yana yiwuwa sosai yi bayyanar rana mai zuwa.

Vladimir da Estragon, Bayan wannan labarin, sun yarda su dawo da safe. Ba su daina shirin su: suna buƙatar, ko ta halin kaka, don saduwa da Godot.

Aiki na biyu

Kamar dai yadda aka ce, wannan yanayin ya kasance. Itacen, tare da rassansa masu duhu, yana jarabtar zurfin ƙasa don a yi amfani da shi kuma ya kawo ƙarshen gajiya. Didi da Gogo sun koma waccan wurin suna maimaita raɗaɗin su. Duk da haka, wani abu daban yake faruwa idan aka kwatanta da ranar da ta gabata, kuma wannan shine cewa sun fara lura cewa akwai jiya, kamar yadda alamun cewa sun kasance a bayyane suke.

Kuna iya magana to na sanin wucin gadi, duk da cewa, a aikace, an maimaita komai; wani irin "Ranar Groundhog."

Komawa tare da manyan canje -canje

Sa'a da ubangijinsa sun dawo, duk da haka, suna cikin wani yanayi na daban. Bawan yanzu bebe ne, kuma Pozzo yana fama da makanta. A karkashin wannan panorama na sauye -sauye masu ɗimbin yawa, begen isowa ya ci gaba, kuma tare da shi marassa ma'ana, maganganu marasa ma'ana, hoton rashin tunanin rayuwa.

Kamar ranar da ta gabata, dan karamin manzo ya dawo. Duk da haka,, lokacin da Didi da Gogo suka tambaye shi, the yaro ya musanta kasancewa tare da su jiya. Menene haka sake maimaita labarin guda ne: Godot ba zai zo yau ba, amma mai yiyuwa ne gobe ya zo.

Yan wasa suna sake ganin juna, kuma tsakanin abin takaici da nadama, Sun yarda su dawo washegari. Itacen da babu kowa a ciki yana nan a matsayin alamar kashe kansa a matsayin mafita; Vladimir da Estragon suna gani kuma suna tunani game da shi, amma suna jira su ga abin da "gobe" zai kawo.

Wannan hanyar aikin ya ƙare, bada hanya ga abin da zai iya zama madauki, wanda ba komai bane face ranar da mutum yake da abin da a cikin cikakkiyar motsa jikinsa ya kira "rayuwa."

Analysis of Ana jiran Gogdot

Jiran Godot, a cikin kanta, wani aiki ne mai jan hankali wanda ke jawo mana abin da yake ranar mutum zuwa yau. Na al'ada a cikin ayyukan biyu na rubutu - Ban da sau ɗaya ko wani lokaci na lokaci- shine maimaitawa akai akai ba abin da yake yi face nuna tafiya marar gurɓatuwa ta kowane mutum, mataki -mataki, zuwa kabarinsa.

Gwargwadon sauki

Yana cikin sauƙin aikin, kodayake yana da alama cliché, inda ƙwarewar sa take, inda dukiyar sa take: zanen akan allon da ke nuna rashin tunani da ke kewaye da mutum.

Kodayake Godot-wanda aka dade ana jira, wanda ake jira-bai taba bayyana ba, rashin kasancewarsa yana ba da damar hango bala'i na rashin hankali na wanzuwar ɗan adam. Lokaci akan mataki yana karɓar dalilinsa tare da ayyukan da, kodayake suna da ma'ana, ba za su fi ko muni ba fiye da sauran, domin wanda ake tsammanin, haka nan, ba zai zo ba.

Duk abin da ya faru, babu abin da zai canza makomar maza

A cikin wasan daidai yake da dariya ko kuka, numfashi ko a'a, kalli la'asar ta mutu ko itacen ya bushe, ko zama ɗaya da itacen da shimfidar wuri. DA babu ɗayan waɗannan da zai canza makoma ta musamman: zuwan babu.

Godot ba Allah bane ...

Samun cikakken bincike na sunan Samuel Beckett

Samun cikakken bincike na sunan Samuel Beckett

Kodayake a cikin shekaru da yawa akwai waɗanda ke iƙirarin cewa Godot shine Allah da kansa, Beckett ya musanta irin wannan tunanin. Da kyau, kodayake suna danganta shi a zahiri tare da ci gaba da jiran allahntaka a al'adu daban -daban, ta amfani da daidaituwa mai sauƙi tare da kalmar Anglo Ya Allah, gaskiyar ita ce marubucin ya nuna hakan sunan ya fito ne daga muryar francophone godiya, wato: "boot", a cikin Mutanen Espanya. Saboda haka, menene Didi da Gogo suka yi tsammani? Ba don komai ba, begen mutum yana kan rashin tabbas.

Har ila yau akwai wadanda suka danganta manzon Godot da almasihu na al'adar Yahudawa da Kirista, kuma akwai dabaru a can. Amma la'akari da abin da marubucin ya faɗi, wannan ka'idar ita ma an jefar da ita.

Rayuwa: madauki

Ƙarshen ba zai iya zama mafi jituwa da sauran abin da aka tashe a cikin aikin ba, tabbas. Don haka ku koma farkon, duk da haka kuna samun sani cewa, cewa akwai jira jiya, kamar ko fiye da jini fiye da yau, amma ba ƙasa da gobe ba. Kuma wanda ya ce dole ne ya zo ya musanta cewa ya faɗi jiya, amma ya yi alƙawarin zai iya faruwa gobe ... da sauransu, har zuwa numfashin ƙarshe.

Sharhi daga masu suka na musamman akan Jiran Godot

  • «Babu abin da ke faruwa, sau biyu", Vivian Mercier.
  • “Babu abin da zai faru, babu wanda ya zo, babu wanda ya tafi, abin tsoro ne!«, Ba a sani ba, bayan farko a Paris a 1953.
  • "Jiran Godot, mafi gaskiya fiye da m". Mayelit Valera Arvelo

Curiosities na Jiran Godot

  • Mai suka Kenneth Burke, bayan ganin wasan, Ya bayyana cewa haɗin tsakanin El Gordo da El Flaco yayi kama da na Vladimir da Estragon. Wanne yana da ma'ana sosai, sanin cewa Beckett ya kasance mai son sa Kitsen da fatar jiki.
  • Daga cikin asalin asalin take, akwai wanda ke cewa Beckett ya zo tare da shi yayin jin daɗin Tour de France. Duk da cewa an gama tseren, mutane har yanzu suna tsammanin. Sama'ila ya tambaya: "Wanene kuke jira?" kuma, ba tare da jinkiri ba, sun amsa daga masu sauraro "To Godot!" Maganar tana magana ne akan wannan gasa wanda aka bari a baya kuma wanda zai zo.
  • Duk haruffa Suna ɗauka hula ta hular kwano. Kuma wannan ba kwatsam ba ne Beckett ya kasance mai son Chaplin, haka ita ce hanyar girmama shi. Kuma shine a cikin aikin akwai silima mai shiru, yawancin abin da jiki ke faɗi, na abin da yake bayyana, ba tare da takurawa ba, shiru. Dangane da wannan, darektan gidan wasan kwaikwayo Alfredo Sanzol ya bayyana a cikin wata hira da El País daga Spain:

"Abin ban dariya ne, ya fayyace cewa Vladimir da Estragon suna sanye da hulunan kwano kuma wannan shine dalilin da ya sa a cikin dukkan shirye -shiryen koyaushe suke sanya hulunan kwano. Ina tsayayya. Gaskiyar ita ce, na gwada iyakoki da sauran nau'ikan huluna, amma ba su yi aiki ba. Har sai da na yi odar 'yan kwano kuma, ba shakka, dole ne su sanya kwano. Hular kwano ita ce Chaplin, ko a Spain, Coll. Suna tsokanar masu ba da shawara. Ya kasance abin ƙyama a gare ni ”.

  • Duk da yake Jiran Godot shi ne karo na farko da aka fara Bekett a gidan wasan kwaikwayo, akwai yunƙuri guda biyu da suka gabata wanda bai yi nasara ba. Ofaya daga cikinsu wasan kwaikwayo ne game da Samuel Johnson. Sauran shine Eleutheria, amma an soke shi bayan Godot ya fito.

Bayani na Jiran Godot

  • “Mun kiyaye alƙawarin, shi ke nan. Mu ba waliyyai bane, amma mun kiyaye alƙawarin. Mutane nawa ne za su iya faɗin haka?
  • “Hawayen duniya ba ya canzawa. Ga duk wanda ya fara kuka, a wani bangare kuma akwai wanda ya daina yin hakan ”.
  • “Ina tuna taswirar Ƙasa Mai Tsarki. A launi. Sosai. Tekun Matattu ya kasance launin shuɗi. Na ji ƙishirwa kawai na dube shi. Ya ce da ni: za mu je can don mu ciyar da gudun amarcinmu. Za mu yi iyo. Za mu yi farin ciki ".
  • “VLADIMIR: Da wannan muka wuce lokaci. ESTRAGON: Zai kasance iri ɗaya, ko ta yaya. VLADIMIR: Ee, amma ƙasa da sauri ”.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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