The Knight na Olmedo

Felix Lope de Vega.

Felix Lope de Vega.

The Knight na Olmedo wasan kwaikwayo ne wanda ke nuna alama a da kuma bayan cikin wasan kwaikwayo na Castilian. Lope de Vega ne ya rubuta tsakanin 1620 da 1625, ana ɗaukar sa azamanin asali. Ko kuma aƙalla farkon abin da marubucin ya gauraya “abubuwan” guda biyu.

ma, rubutun a sarari ya bayyana asalin halayen haruffa gama-gari a cikin makircin Zamanin Zinaren Mutanen Espanya. Zuwa wani lokaci, wadannan siffofin masu fada aji da masu adawa da labarin suna ci gaba da aiki - tare da wasu bambance-bambancen - har zuwa yau.

Marubucin

Bayan kasancewarsa fitaccen mawaki, shiBabban aikin Lope de Vega Carpio ya ba shi matsayin sa a cikin tarihin adabi. An haife shi ne a Madrid a ranar 25 ga Nuwamba, 1562, garin da ya mutu a ciki shekaru 72 daga baya, a ranar 27 ga Agusta, 1653. Tare da Tirso de Molina, shi ke da alhakin ba da tabbataccen tunani game da wasan kwaikwayo na rikice-rikice, a cikin Vogue a lokacin baroque na Iberiya.

Bai kasance ba sananne a tsakanin tsaransa ba, akasin haka, koyaushe ya san yadda za a lura da shi a cikin yanayin zamaninsa. A halin yanzu, ya kulla abokantaka da Francisco de Quevedo da Juan Luis de Alarcón. Kodayake yana da babban hamayya da Miguel de Cervantes, an kiyaye girmamawa a tsakanin su. Koyaya, ya kasance ba shi da ma'ana tare da Luis de Góngora.

Rayuwa mai cike da tangles

Rayuwarsa kamar alama ce mai ban mamaki: lamuran soyayya da yawa, an yanke masa hukuncin zama a cikin hijira na wani lokaci, gwauruwa ... Kasadar Lope de Vega sun cancanci yawancin halayensa. Bayan rayuwa mai cike da hauhawa da faduwa da kuma “abubuwan mahaukata da yawa”, daga ƙarshe ya zaɓi ya naɗa kansa firist.

Koyaya, alƙawarinsa ga Allah bai hana shi ci gaba da halayensa "abin tambaya" ba. Misali: soyayya da Marta de Nevares, mace mai shekara 25 da ta yi aure tun tana 13. Tabbas, "labarin hukuma" ya tanadi "girmamawa" da aka yi la'akari da masoyin mawaki na ƙarshe.

The Knight na Olmedo, Karamin aiki?

The Knight na Olmedo.

The Knight na Olmedo.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: The Knight na Olmedo

Lope da Vega bai bai wa wannan halitta tasa muhimmanci ba. Bai samu ganin sigar bugawa ba (bugun farko ba zai fito ba sai bayan mutuwarsa). Bugu da ƙari, rubutun asali an ɓace na ɗan lokaci, ba tare da ɗan wasan kwaikwayo ya damu da shi ba.

Masu sukar lokacinta kuma ba su yi la'akari da cancanta ba. A zahiri, Har zuwa ƙarshen karni na XNUMX aikin kawai ɗaya ne a cikin babban kundin tarihin marubucin Madrid. Har zuwa 1900s wannan tunanin ya canza. An yi iƙirarin aikin har zuwa hawa sama zuwa rukunin mahimmanci a cikin tarihin duniya na zane-zane.

Ma'anar mummunan yanayi

Kamar yadda riga yayi sharhi akan layukan saman, har zuwa na The Knight na Olmedo ma'anar gidan wasan kwaikwayo mai ban tsoro bai wanzu ba. Dramas, wanda, a mafi yawan lokuta, ya kasance bala'i ne - ko kuma wasan kwaikwayo. Don haka, dariya a cikin masifa wani ra'ayi ne wanda ba marubuta ko jama'a suka shirya ba.

I mana, Lope de Vega ya sami nasarar hada abubuwan biyu cikin nasara. Kodayake gabaɗaya, yayin haɓaka makircin, kowannensu yana wucewa daban, ba tare da samar da haɗin ba da gaske. Duk da cewa jama'a na iya fahimta tun daga farko ba kyakkyawar makoma ga mai sha'awar ba.

A aikin hango kofa?

Wataƙila wannan shine dalilin da ya sa duka sukan Baroque - ra'ayi mai rinjaye har zuwa ƙarshen Romanism - kuma marubucin kansa yayi la'akari The Knight na Olmedo a matsayin karamin yanki. Daga layin farko a bayyane yake cewa makoma ɗaya mai yiwuwa ga babban halayyar ita ce mutuwa.

Bugu da ƙari, mahimmancin da aka ba ƙarshen ƙarshen abin mamaki a cikin tarihin zamanin Spanishasar Sifen ba shi da tabbas. Bugu da ƙari, wannan ɓangaren an ɗauke shi da mahimmanci a cikin wasan kwaikwayo. Kuma, ban da masanan wannan aikin (koyaushe nishaɗi), ba wanda ya yi mamakin ƙudurin ƙarshe.

Abubuwan tarihi

The Knight na Olmedo ya danganta da haruffa haƙiƙa guda uku:

  • Jarumin shine Don Alonso, jarumi ne, jarumi kuma mai martaba; misali na dukkan halayen da ake tsammani daga ɗan adam.
  • Doña Inés, ya ƙunshi sha'awar soyayya. Wata mace mai aji, mai aminci da girmama hukuma (wanda mahaifinta, Don Rodrigo ya wakilta).
  • Don Rodrigo, shine mai adawa da labarin, mara gaskiya da cin amana.

Yan wasa na Secondary

Thean wasan kwaikwayon na uku suna tare da wasu haruffa, waɗanda suma suna amsa abubuwan da aka rufe. Tsakanin su: Tello, bawan Don Alonso, shine asalin tarihin. Saboda haka, tattaunawar ku da ayyukanku suna da alhakin samun dariya daga masu sauraro.

Kusa da harlequin yana tsaye Fabia, dan pimp wanda ke taimakawa soyayya. Kodayake wasu layin nata suna da ban dariya, yanayinta a matsayin matsafa ya kawo karshenta ta zama mai duhu da sihiri.

A gefen abokin gaba, Mendo, bawan Don Rodrigo, kira ne na tasirin aiki tare da mummunan mutumzuwa. Har zuwa wannan, cewa shi kansa ke da alhakin haifar da mutuwar babban halayyar.

Yaran

A waje da kayan tarihin da aka bayyana a sama, daya daga cikin sabbin labaran The Knight na Olmedo rashin bambance-bambance ne tsakanin haruffa. A takaice dai, a cikin wannan aikin na Lope de Vega ba a bi tsarin da ya fi dacewa a wannan lokacin tarihin ba. Inda aka wakilta "masu martaba da talakawa" ta hanyar banbancin hanya.

Kalmomi daga Félix Lope de Vega.

Kalmomi daga Félix Lope de Vega.

Abin da ke yanke hukunci da gaske shine rawar da ɗayan da ɗayan ke takawa a cikin ci gaban makircin. Bambancin da ake iya hangowa kawai shine ta hanyoyin magana. Tare da aikin da aka rubuta gabaɗaya a cikin ayoyi masu juzu'i takwas da kuma karin magana, manyan ma'aurata koyaushe suna amfani da siffofin maganganu kamar misalai da anaphoras.

Masu raha

Tello da Fabia, wakilan “ƙananan ajujuwa”, suna magana cikin sassauƙa da sauƙi. Wannan hanyar bayyana kansu tana kara jaddada matsayinsu na "buffoons" a cikin labarin. Ta wannan hanyar, Lope de Vega ya nuna ƙaramar mahimmancin da yake baiwa ingantaccen harshe a ciki The Knight na Olmedo.

Ayyukan tarbiya?

Ko a lokacin karni na goma sha bakwai, Fasahar Iberiya ta zama tilas ta cika wani aikin ɗabi'a. Saboda wannan dalili, Lope de Vega, bayan rayuwarsa cike da rikice-rikice da rikice-rikice, ba zai iya tsere wa wannan buƙatar ba. The Knight na Olmedo ba banda bane, duk da wasu nuances

Da kyau, bala'in ya ɗauki ran mai ba da labarin (ba tare da ya cancanci hakan ba), waɗanda suka yi kuskure ba ƙaramin azabarsu ba. Hakanan, waɗanda suke yin sihiri don ƙoƙarin cimma burinsu suna biyan babban tsada don tsoro.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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