Jane Austen. Shekaru biyu da mutuwarsa. Ayyukansa masu mahimmanci.

El 18 na 1817 julio ya mutu Jane Austen, wanda aka binne shi a cikin garin Winchester. Ina da 41 shekaru kuma rayuwarsa bata sake duba muhimman lamura ba, amma ya samu kyakkyawar tarba da ganewa zuwa ga aikinsa. Littattafan sa daidai nuna da kuma bayyana, tare da kuma taɓa ƙarfe, da ji da halayen jama'a na burgesois a cikin abin da ya rayu.

Yawancin lokaci waɗannan littattafan ba su rasa ƙawarsu ko su ba ikon jan hankali da motsa rai. Labarai da halayen da ba za a iya mantawa da su ba cewa duk mun karanta ko gani a wani lokaci kuma hakan yayi alama akan mu ruhun soyayya. A yau na sake nazarin hakan aiki mafi mahimmanci azaman ƙaramin haraji ga babban adadi.

Girman kai da son zuciya

"Gaskiya karbabbiya ce a duk duniya cewa duk namijin daya mallaki babban rabo yana bukatar mata." Yana da kayyadewa da kuma bayanin zane daga cikin kyakkyawan aikinsa da aka fi sani yiwu. Ya fara rubuta shi a ciki 1796 amma ba a buga shi ba har 1813. A ciki, Austen yana ba da labarin 'ya'ya biyar na Misis Bennett, wanda bashi da wani burin a rayuwarsa face ya cimma shi biki mai kyau ga dukkan su. Kuma a cikin masu neman auren da ya canza wa suna akwai wasu samari masu kudi, Mr. Bingley kuma ubangiji Darcy.

Tuni akwai dangantaka tsakanin babbar ɗiya, Jane, da Mista Bingley wanda da alama yana da kyakkyawar makoma amma, a ƙarƙashin tasirin Mr. Darcy, ba a yi nasara ba. Koyaya, sa baki na Elizabeth, 'ya ta biyu, mai hankali da ɗan tawaye, zai canza yanayin abubuwan.

Girman kai da son zuciya yana da dukkanin batutuwan aikin Austen. Da yanayin danniya na danniya, matsin lamba na aure, bambancin aji, kallon talauci da kuma laulayin mara kyau na ƙaddarar jaruma, amma wanene kuma ba daidai ba.

Tabbas hakan ta kasance dauka zuwa fina-finai a lokuta da yawa, na kwanan nan, a 20o5. Joe Wright ne ya jagoranta tare da nuna aan wasa da aka jagoranta Keira Knightley y Matiyu Macfadyen.

Ji da hankali

De 1811. Wani sanannen sanannen aikinsa hakan yana ba da labarin 'yan uwan ​​Dashwood, Elinor da Marianne. Sun bambanta sarai saboda a Elinor rinjaye hankula y Marianne yana dauke da mai girma hankali. Kuma duka haruffa da halaye suna ɗaukar haɗarinsu.

Elinor da Marianne suna zaune tare da mahaifiyarsu da kuma kanwarta Margaret. Bayan mutuwar mahaifinsa, gadon dangi ya bar wa ɗan’uwansa, John Dashwood, ɗan da ɗaya ne daga ɗa kuma ya kasance daga auren farko. Don haka iyali bai ajiye komai ba ya koma wani karamin gida a kasar miƙa ta dangi. A can 'yan uwan ​​Dashwood za su sadu da maza uku: Edward Ferrars, Sir John Willoughby da Kanar Brandon. Kuma dukansu zasu sami ƙauna da damuwa. A tsakanin, ƙari makirci da rashin fahimta hakan zai haifar da sakamako gwargwadon kowanne.

Har ila yau, an daidaita shi sau da yawa don fim da talabijin, sigar mafi yawan tunawa shine na 1995ta Ang Lee, tare da Emma Thompson y Kate Winslet kamar 'yan uwan ​​Dashwood.

A cikin nawa

An sanya shi a ciki 1815, ya fada labarin Emma katako, yarinya mai hankali amma kuma lalacewar budurwa wacce ta dage akan hakan wasa ga dukkan abokanka. Lokacin da shugabar ku, aboki da aminiyar ku suka yanke shawarar yin aure, dole ne ku fuskanci ainihin fanko a rayuwar ku. A saboda wannan za ta sadaukar da kanta ga kokarin wasu su jagoranci rayuwa cikakke kamar yadda take tsammani nata ne.

Amma duk ayyukansa na magudi na azanci zai haifar da su da yawa tangles, rashin fahimta da rikicewa. Emma wani hoto ne mai ban sha'awa na Ingila na lardin a farkon karni na XNUMX.

An daidaita har ma da ban dariya kuma ba shakka kuma a matsayin jerin, kayan karafa da sigar fim. Zai yiwu mafi kyawun sananne shine na 1996tare da Gwyneth Paltrow kamar yadda protagonist.

Filin shakatawa na Mansfield

De 1814, labari ne mafi yawan hadaddun, baƙin ciki da yawa by Tsakar Gida Ya ba da labarin Fanny farashin, wanda yake yarinya har yanzu yaushe kannen mahaifinta sun dauke ta a gidansu da ke Mansfield Park, ya tseratar da ita daga rayuwar talauci. A can za ku fara jin daɗin rayuwa cike da annashuwa da gyara. Amma a cikin wannan gidan ma an ɓoye shi gaskiya mai hadari cewa Fanny dole ne ya koyi yin ma'amala.

Wannan labari ya bayyana a tsari da sukar iyali da al'umma abin yana canzawa a idanun budurwa mai kunya, don wasu masu kyau wasu kuma ba tare da jan hankali ba.

Bugu da ƙari batun canzawa ne ga fim da talabijin kamar, misali, 1999 fim din fim con Frances O'Connor kamar Fanny Price.

Juyowa

Ya kasance nasa sabon labari wanda ya fara rubutu jim kadan bayan haka Emma. An buga shi a matsayin aiki rasuwa a cikin 1818. Haɗa tare da Northanger Abbey, tunda duk an buga su a dunƙule ɗaya bayan shekaru biyu. Kuma saboda duka labaran suna faruwa a ciki Bat, Jane wacce ta tafi wurin hutu a waccan lokacin.

Shine kawai aikin da za'a iya bayyana shi azaman labarin soyayya. Duk sauran suna fada koyaushe ga ƙaunar ma'aurata ɗaya ko biyu kuma suna ƙarewa da bikin auren jaruman, amma wannan shine kawai a cikin labarin da ke mai da hankali kan sabubuwan da mai gabatarwar, Anne Elliot ta ji.

Anne mace ce mai hankali, mai haƙuri da wanda ba a yaba shi, wanda, shekaru bayan tun ƙi Ga mutumin da ta ƙaunaci bin mummunan shawara, ga yadda ya sake bayyana a cikin rayuwarsa, mai wadata da daraja amma har yanzu yana da laushi. Sannan Anne zata yi duk abin da zai yiwu don sanya soyayya ta ba ta a dama ta biyu. Tabbas kuma muna da nishaɗin nasara na lokacin.

Ga cine an yi sigar a ciki 1995 kuma don talabijin akwai jerin 2007.

Abban Northanger

An rubuta tsakanin 1798 y 1799, ya bada labarin Katarina MorlandMai son karanta littattafan gothic, tana amfani da lokacinta don ziyartar abokai, kamar Isabella Thorpe, da zuwa raye-raye. Zuwa Catherine John Thorpe ya ce, Isan uwan ​​Isabella, kuma Henry tilney, matashin malami mai matukar kauna da ilimin tarihi da adabi.

Don haka, Tilneys ɗin sun gayyaci Catherine don ta ziyarci gonar mahaifinta, Abban Northanger. Tana fatan ya zama duhu, tsoho, kuma mai cike da asiri da tatsuniyoyi, kamar dai yadda yake a cikin litattafan da take karantawa. Akwai gyare-gyare para talabijin de 2007.


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