Haruki Murakami

Haruki Murakami quote.

Haruki Murakami quote.

Haruki Murakami shine sanannen marubucin Jafananci a duniya a yau. Muna magana ne game da mafi kyawun marubucin da ke cikin cikakken lokacin. An lasafta shi a matsayin mai son salula, kodayake ya yi sama da fadi da gaskiya. Haɗuwa da siffofin Yammacin Turai tare da halaye na ƙwarewar Jafananci ɓangare ne na salon sa.

Kadaici, rashin nutsuwa da soyayya wasu daga cikin jigogin sa ne. Duniyar tasu ta tashi daga yanayi mafi tsananin zalunci - dystopias, a cikin lamuran adabi - zuwa kyakkyawan fata na rashin yarda. Saboda haka, an gane tare da lambobin yabo da yawa a ko'ina cikin yanayin sa. Abin da ya fi haka, masu karatunsa masu sha'awar kowace shekara suna korafin cewa har yanzu ba a san shi da kyautar Nobel ta Adabi ba.

Daga Kyoto zuwa duniya

An haife shi a Janairu 12, 1949 a Kyoto, ya rayu mafi yawan ƙuruciyarsa a Kobe. Daidai, waɗannan biranen, tare da Tokyo, wasu daga cikin yanayin al'amuran da Murakami ya bincika ta halayensa. Saboda yawancin labaransa sun ta'allaka ne game da wannan kalmar: bincika.

Foraunar wasiƙu da ya gada kai tsaye daga iyayensa; dukansu sun tsunduma cikin koyar da adabin Japan. Bugu da kari, tun yana karami al'adun yamma suka yi masa tasiri sosai. Zuwa yau, aikinsa ya hada da litattafai 14, tarin labarai 5, labarai misalai 5, da makaloli 5.

Nostaljiya a cikin aikin Haruki Murakami

Murakami ya jefa masu karatun sa cikin zurfin zurfin tunani. Rubutunsa sun kasance haɗuwa mai kyau tsakanin gaskiya da ruɗi., wanda aka sanya shi tare da babban baƙin ciki a cikin kusan dukkanin labaransa. Saboda haka, labaransa suna da ma'ana ta musamman, tare da babban motsin rai a cikin kowane jumla.

Misali: Kafka akan Tudu

Kafka a gabar teku.

Kafka a gabar teku.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Kafka a gabar teku

Tare da litattafan Murakami, masu karatu suna fuskantar kwarewar halayensa kamar suna cikin jikinsu. A cikinsu, wani lokacin abu ne mai wuya ka ga hasken bege tsakanin tunanin girgije da yawa. Kafka a gabar teku (2002) -da yawa daga cikin mafi kyawun aikin marubucin- ya tattara duk halayen halayen labarin da muka ambata a sama.

Waɗanda suke da littafi a hannunsu ba shaidu ne kawai ba game da ma'anar watsi. A'a Amma kuma suna jin ɓacewa a cikin duniyar haɗuwa da rashin fahimta tare da haruffa waɗanda ke saƙa, ba tare da sanin ta ba, masifar mai ba da labarin. Maƙarƙashiya biyu da aka kirkira ta hanyar fasaha ta hanyar Murakami ba ya ba da sulhu a kowane layi.

Rayuwar Kafka Tamura tana jiran mai karatu a kowane fanni mara kyau, yayin da labarin Satoru Nakata yana jiransu bibbiyu. Duk sun yi kwalliya sosai har sai hanyoyin su, babu shakka, sun zo daidai.

Kafin da bayan Tokyo Blues

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Tokyo Blues

Tokyo Blues (1986) ba sabon littafinsa bane na farko, duk da haka, buga shi ya buɗe ƙofofin zuwa ƙasashen duniya. Yana wakiltar take ne na keɓewa, wanda ya ba shi damar shahararsa a cikin Japan da yawancin duniya. An siyar da ita sosai harma masarautu sun isa su zauna tare da matarsa ​​Yoko, da farko a Turai sannan kuma a Amurka.

Paradoxically marubucin kansa da kansa ya taɓa furta cewa lokacin da ya rubuta shi, ƙalubalen da ya yi shi ne ya kasance mai cikakken hankali. Ayyukansa na baya - sake bugawa saboda nasarar wannan littafin, wanda aka sani da Itace ta Yaren mutanen Norway- kamar yadda kuma mafi yawan fitowar sa ta gaba, sun fi aminci ga "salon Murakami na zamani". Za'a iya fassara wannan nau'ikan labarin mai taken "mafarkin mafarki".

Marubucin damuwa?

Marubuci ne mai gaskiya, amma baya barin wasu sifofi masu kyau. Kunnawa Tokyo Blues, Murakami ya dulmuye cikin zurfin zurfin zurfin tunani. Daidai, ee, marubucin ya bincika abubuwan da suka shafi zuciya kamar baƙin ciki da laifi. Amfani da kalmar turanci Blues a cikin take, ba saboda launin shuɗi bane. A zahiri, saboda "baƙin ciki" na nau'ikan kiɗa, wannan shine shugabanci inda marubuci yake nuni.

Tokyo Blues.

Tokyo Blues.

Yawancin magoya baya da adadin masu ƙiyayya

Littattafansa suna riƙe da masu sukar ra'ayi da sauran jama'a zuwa gida biyu waɗanda kusan suke da girman. To Haruki Murakami ɗayan ɗayan masu fasaha ne waɗanda ke son juna ko ƙiyayya da juna. Koyaya, duk masu sukar wallafe-wallafen suna da cikakkiyar buƙata ta bayyana ra'ayi a kansa. Abin so ko a'a ... ba matsala, ba tare da la'akari da ko ka karanta kadan ko ba komai game da babban kundin adana shi.

"Matsala" (nuna alamun zance) ana haifar da ita ne ta hanyar maganganun da aka gabatar a wasu labaransa. A cikinsu, ba a yi alama tsakanin iyaka da ɗaukaka da cheesy ta “layin jan layi” ba. Yana da ainihin babbar fatar hoda ƙazantar da duk abin da ya isa.

Babu wani annabi a kasarsu?

Wataƙila inda adadi mafi yawansa yake tattaunawa a cikin Japan. Wasu muryoyin da ba su cancanta ba suna zarginsa da iyakance wajan kawata wata fitacciyar hanyar kasarsa, ba tare da saba wa tunanin da ake da shi ba a Yammacin duniya. Tabbas, fahimtar Yammacin Turai kawai "wadatattun" Turai (Ingila, Jamus, Faransa) tare da Amurka.

A gefe guda, Ana tambaya da yawa (kusan azaman mummunan wargi) cewa ana ɗaukarsa mafi girman mai ba da labarin adabin Japan na shekarun da suka gabata. Wadannan ra'ayoyin masu rikitarwa suna da alama ta yawan adadin nassoshin "yamma" da ke cikin aikinsa.

Mafi yawan "Ba'amurke" na Jafananci

Murakami bai taɓa ɓoye sha'awarsa ga kiɗan Anglo-Saxon ba, musamman don The Beatles (saboda haka madadin taken don Tokyo Blues). Koyaya, rashin girmamawarsa (nuna akai-akai) na ƙungiyoyi kamar Duran Duran yana da rikici. Hakazalika, Tasirin finafinan Hollywood ya bayyana a cikin labaransu.

Sarkin talla

A ƙarshe, da barin duk wani kyakkyawan ra'ayi, Murakami na ɗaya daga cikin marubutan waɗanda suka san yadda ake amfani da fa'idodin tallan zamani. Kowane ƙaddamarwa ko sake buɗe kowane rubutu tare da sa hannun ku yana ci gaba akan intanet tsawon makonni ko watanni. Sakamakon tattalin arziki yana da ban sha'awa sosai.

Ya isa a yanke masa hukunci? Shin kyakkyawan marubuci ba zai iya zama mai sayarwa ba? Ire-iren wadannan muhawara suna yawan yawaita awannan zamanin. A wannan yanayin musamman - da kuma wasu, kamar na Paulo Coelho's, misali -, pko lokacin da ake ganin rashin yaɗawa lokacin matse "ƙulli wanda ya ba da ƙwaiyen zinariya".

Me yasa canzawa?

Matsayi ne na wasanni da kasuwanci: ba a canza dabarun nasara. Aƙalla ba dai matuƙar sun ci gaba da kasancewa masu fa'ida da fa'ida. A ƙarshen rana, masu kiyayya koyaushe suna dacewa a cikin wannan lissafin. Oscar Wilde ya riga ya faɗi haka: Abinda yafi damuna fiye da ana magana akansa ba'a maganarsa. Yana fassara: abin da kawai yafi damuwa da rashin magana akan shi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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