Harshen malam buɗe ido

Manuel Rivas ne adam wata.

Manuel Rivas ne adam wata.

"Harshen butterflies" yana ɗaya daga cikin labarai 16 da aka haɗa a cikin tattara labaran da marubucin nan na Galiciya, marubuci kuma ɗan jarida Manuel Rivas. Da farko an rubuta shi da yaren Galician kuma marubucin da kansa ya fassara shi zuwa Spanish. Labarin yana magana ne game da abotar wani yaro dan shekara shida mai kunya da malamin makarantarsa ​​a wani gari mara kyau a Galicia a cikin 1936, gab da yakin basasa.

Tun lokacin da aka buga shi a 1995, An lasafta shi a matsayin ɗayan mafi kyawun ayyukan da aka rubuta a cikin harsunan Spanish da na Galiciyanci. Wasu masu sukar ma suna ɗaukarsa ɗayan mafi mahimmancin asali a cikin adabin duniya. “Darajarta” ta ƙaru sosai bayan fim ɗin da aka canza shi wanda José Luis Cuerda ya jagoranta, wanda aka fara a bikin San Sebastián na shekarar 1999.

Marubucin

Manuel Rivas na ɗaya daga cikin mahimman haruffa a cikin adabin Galician. A cikin 2009 ya zama wani ɓangare na Royal Galician Academy kuma a cikin shekarar 2011 Jami'ar A Coruña ta ba shi Doctor Honoris Causa bambanci. Duk da kasancewa ɗan jarida ta hanyar sana'a, ya sami nasarar hada facet dinsa na "man labarai", tare da alkalami mara gajiya don waka, rubutu da labarai.

An haife shi a A Coruña a ranar 24 ga Oktoba, 1957. Yana da shekara 15 ya riga ya sami rayuwa a matsayin ɗan jarida da ke rubuta jarida Matsayi mai kyau na Galician. Bayan kammala karatun sakandare, ya koma Madrid don yin karatun Kimiyyar Bayanai. Jim kadan bayan ya shiga Taken, mako na farko da aka buga gaba ɗaya cikin Galician. A halin yanzu, yana haɗin gwiwa tare da kafofin watsa labarai daban-daban, gami da jaridar El País.

Masana muhalli

Baya ga sadaukar da kansa ga rubutu daga hanyoyi daban-daban na kusanci, Rivas mashahurin masanin muhalli ne. A cikin 1981 ya shiga cikin balaguro zuwa ramin Tekun Atlantika inda aka zubar da sharar nukiliya. Wannan zanga-zangar ta ƙare tare da haramtacciyar kungiyar Maritime ta Duniya game da amfani da benen tekun a matsayin makabarta don sharar atom.

Sakamakon “Bala’in Girma” - jirgin mai da ya nitse a gabar Tekun Galicia a 2002 - ya haifar da kirkirar dandalin ‘yan ƙasa Kada a sake. Hakanan aboki ne mai kafa Greenpeace, Spain Chapter kuma cibiyoyi irin su Amnesty International sun amince da aikin nasa.

Cewa kuna so na, soyayya? (Sunan aikin a cikin Galician)

Me kuke so na, soyayya?

Me kuke so na, soyayya?

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Me kuke so na, soyayya?

Me kuke so na, soyayya? tarin labarai ne guda 16 tare da taken daya: soyayya. Abun ji ne da aka kusanto shi ta hanyoyi daban-daban, tare da kewayon da ke da damar hadawa da (kusan) duk bambancin da kalmar ta kunsa. Bai ma bar maudu'i ba, wanda - mafi kyau ko mara kyau - yana da mahimmanci: bugun zuciya.

Rivas, mai aiki a cikin wakoki da kuma labarin daga ƙarshen shekarun 60s, sun sami tabbaci tsarkakewa tare da wannan take. Littafinsa na farko shine labari Fensirin kafinta (1988); Wanda ya lashe lambobin yabo da yawa kuma Antón Reixa ya kaishi gidan sinima. Daga baya, ya sake sake tattara labaran: Shanu miliyan (1990), wani waƙoƙi mai daɗi na waƙoƙin zamani tare da waƙoƙin kyauta.

"Harshen malam buɗe ido"

Harshen malam buɗe ido.

Harshen malam buɗe ido.

Zaku iya siyan labarin anan: Yaren ...

"Harshen malam buɗe ido" shine na biyu daga cikin labaran da aka saka a ciki Me kuke so na, soyayya? Labari na farko ya ba wa littafin sunansa. Labari ne mai sauƙin sauƙi a matakin tsari. A ciki, mafi yawan tunanin yara na ɗan shekara shida an cika su daidai kuma kusan ba a iya fahimtarsu, tare da cikakken rahoton aikin jarida. Abin da ya fi haka, babu wani cikakken bayani da ya rage ga dama.

Saboda haka, aikin yana tattara bayanai masu yawa a cikin fewan shafuka (10). Duk da cewa bai shiga cikin kwatancin ba - marubucin bashi da lokacin shi - abu ne mai yiyuwa a gano shi a karkarar Galicia a shekarar 1936. A saboda wannan dalili, yana yiwuwa a shayar da dukkan ƙamshin yanayi, ji yanayin itacen, taɓa daji, hau dutsen Sinai "har ma ga harshen malam buɗe ido."

Jarumai zasuyi kuka tare

Bayyanawa tare da Gwaran, ɗan jaririn labarin, yana da sauƙi. Sannan, mai karatu ya ji da kansa tsoron tsoron zuwa makaranta saboda tsoron da mahaifin ya sanya wa malamai. Da kyau, da zato, malamai "sun buga." An yi cikakken bayani yadda mai kallo zai iya fahimtar ƙamshin fitsari lokacin da ta'addanci ya sa yaro ya rasa ikon sarrafa abin da yake motsawa.

Kuma haka ne, wanda ya karanta, idan ya nutsar da kansa cikin haruffa yadda yakamata, shine wanda yake tare da karamin lokacin da kunya - ya gudu bayan ya gama wando a gaban abokan karatunsa. Koyaya, daga baya komai ya lafa saboda godiya da haƙuri na Don Gregorio, malamin tare da fuskar "toad". Na karshen halayya ce wacce ke da babban tasirin watsa ilimi, ingancin da ya dace da kamanninta mara kyau.

Labarin da kuka riga kuka san yadda zai ƙare

Don Gregorio ɗan Republican ne, kamar mahaifin yaron. Saboda haka, ba shi da wuya a yi la'akari da sakamakon idan ba su ɓoye ainihin manufofinsu na siyasa ba lokacin da 'yan tawaye suka kawo ƙarshen wanzuwar Jamhuriyar Sifen ta Biyu.

In ji Manuel Rivas.

In ji Manuel Rivas.

Na farko ba ya tanƙwara. Na biyu, wulakantacce, ya kare kare da ƙarfi da maganganun da bai yarda da su ba. A cikin yunƙurinsa na ceton kansa, ya jawo ɗansa mara laifi, wanda ba ya fahimtar gaskiya sosai, amma yana jin cewa kome ba daidai ba ne. A ƙarshe, dabbanci ya share kyakkyawa. Kodayake jaruman labarin ba su san shi ba, amma masu karatu sun fahimci cewa "butulcin" da ya gabata ba zai taba dawowa ba.

Daidaita fim

Tare da rubutun da yake da haɗin kan nasa Manuel Rivas, daidaitawar da José Luis Cuerda ya yi, a alamance, ya fashe (a cikin kyakkyawar ma'anar kalmar). Zuwa ga cewa An tsara wannan fim ɗin a matsayin ɗayan mafi kyawun samfurin a Latin Amurka a cikin tarihin tarihin fasaha na bakwai.

A gaskiya ma, fim din ya lashe kyautar ne don Kyakkyawan Daidaitaccen Screenplay a bugun XIV na Goya Awards. Wadanda basu samu damar karanta wannan labarin ba suna kan lokaci. Me ya sa? Da kyau, yana ɗaukar mintuna 10 kawai don tafiya zuwa gandun daji na Galician kuma ku yaba, a cikin mutum na farko, "Harshen malam buɗe ido."


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Gustavo Woltmann ne adam wata m

    Abin birgewa ne in hadu da manyan marubutan yaren Castilian, ka ga ina matukar sha'awar karanta littafin su kuma ga fim din.
    - Gustavo Woltmann

bool (gaskiya)