Steg Larson

In ji Stieg Larsson.

In ji Stieg Larsson.

Stieg Larsson marubuciya 'yar Sweden ce da aka yaba da ita a cikin dukkanin lattocin duniya don farkawa, a cikin kusancin inuwar dare, babbar baiwa da adabi. Ya kasance sanannen sanannen abu ne, kuma, a lokaci guda, editan edita da sabon fim. Ta gina babban suna a matsayin yar jarida mai yaki, mai yakini a fagen mata, mai shan sigari, kuma mai son litattafan laifuka.

Tabbas, rashin gajiya da yaƙi da cin zarafi da tashin hankali shima yana daga cikin gadon sa. Duk waɗannan halayen sun sanya Larsson wani sanannen mutum ne. Saboda haka, tawagarsa ta masu karatu ba abin mamaki bane, haka nan kuma matsayinsa na girmamawa a fagen adabi. Yana da ƙari, siffar sa ta sami iska mai ban mamaki - mafi yawan - ga sanannen aikin sa, Millennium, buga bayan bayanan.

Tarihin Rayuwa

Haihuwa da yarinta

An haifi Karl Stig-Erland Larsson a Västerbotten, Sweden, a ranar 15 ga Agusta, 1954. Ya kasance fa'idar ƙungiyar matashi da tawali'u, waɗanda daga baya ba za su iya tallafawa saboda ƙarancin ikonsu na kuɗi. Sakamakon haka, marubucin ya girma tare da kakanninsa a Norsjö, wani yankin karkara da ke gefen Västerbotten.

Daga baya, a 1962, kakansa, wanda ya kasance ginshikin sa kuma jagoran sa a fagen siyasa da hakkin dan adam, wucewa. Larsson, tare da shekaru 8 kawai, ya shafa sosai. Wannan labarin da ba zato ba tsammani ya tilasta shi komawa ga iyayensa na asali, yanayin da ya sa yaron ba shi da daɗi, saboda bai taɓa daidaitawa ba.

Samartaka

A lokacin 1964, wani matashi ɗan shekara 1 Stieg yana jin daɗin yin rubutu ba dare ba rana a kan keken rubutu. cewa ya samu a matsayin kyauta. Koyaya, farin cikin bai daɗe ba. Rashin fahimtar sahihancin sautin kayan tarihin, tare da matsalolin rashin jituwa a cikin sabon yanayin, sun jagoranci marubucin ya bar gida yana da shekaru 16.

Dan Jarida kuma mai rajin kare hakkin Jama'a

A cikin XNUMXs, Stieg ya tsunduma cikin siyasa. Ya yi wa kasarsa aiki na tsawon shekaru biyu a aikin soja na tilas; daga baya, ya shiga cikin Leagueungiyar Ma'aikatan Kwaminis. Kodayake bai taɓa yin aikin jami'a ba kamar haka a aikin jarida, amma ya sami matsayi a matsayin mai ba da rahoton yaƙi don aikin soja.

Tsakanin 1977 da 1999 ya yi aiki a matsayin mai zane-zane da ɗan jarida na wata hukuma da ake kira Tidningarnas Telegrambyra (TT). Kunnawa a 1995 ya ciyar da Expo Foundation, cibiyar da ke kula da nazarin apogee na wariyar launin fata a cikin kasar Sweden. Bugu da kari, ya zama editan mujallar na wannan gidauniyar, inda ya tabbatar da iliminsa na ƙungiyoyi masu tsattsauran ra'ayi a Sweden.

Abokin aikinka mara sharadi

A cikin layi daya tare da aikinsa a matsayin mai ba da rahoton yaƙi, shi ma inganta zanga-zangar adawa da Yaƙin Vietnam a Sweden. A cikin daga waɗannan zanga-zangar soyayya ta sani, mutumin da zai kasance abokin tarayya marar sharaɗi har zuwa sauran kwanakinsa. Ya kasance game da kyakkyawan Swedishan gidan Sweden kuma mai rajin siyasa mai suna Eva Gabrielsson.

Gabrielsson da Larsson ba su yanke shawara don yin aure ba don kada su jefa rayuwar ta cikin haɗari. Kuma wannan ma'ana ce, tunda Stieg yana fuskantar barazanar mutuwa koyaushe ta hanyar ƙungiyoyin siyasa na dama. Saboda haka, Ba su taɓa cika ko barin wata takaddama ta ƙawancen doka a tsakanin su ba. Koyaya, sun rayu tare tsawon shekaru 30, har zuwa mutuwar Larsson.

Mazajen da basa son mata.

Mazajen da basa son mata.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Mazajen da basa kaunar mata

Sha'awa ta ƙara ruruwa a cikin "lokacin kyauta"

Ta hanyar samun wata rayuwa wacce ta buya daga binciken jama'a, dan kasar Sweden din ya nemi mafaka a cikin nau'ikan halittu guda biyu masu kayatarwa: labarai da tatsuniyoyin kimiyya. Sha'awar sa ga adabi ta bashi kwarin gwiwar yin rubutu a lokacin da rana da dare, bayan ya gama sauran ayyukan sa na yau da kullun. Ko da a cikin kwanaki masu tsawo na dogon dare.

Ayyukansa, ra'ayoyi

Ayyukansa sun kasance abin tattaunawa ga wasu mutane a cikin adabi. A gefe guda, akwai ra'ayoyi masu kyau da yawa waɗanda Stieg yake An bayyana Larsson a matsayin hazikin adabi. A zahiri, a cikin yawancin wallafe-wallafen adabi ana ɗaukar shi ɗayan manyan marubutan ƙarni na XNUMX.

A gefe guda, marubuta kamar Mario Vargas Llosa na ganin salon Larsson kamar:

"... reshen jahannama, inda alkalai ke gallazawa, masu tabin hankali, 'yan sanda da' yan leƙen asiri suna aikata laifuka, 'yan siyasa suna yin ƙarya,' yan kasuwa suna yaudara da cibiyoyi gaba ɗaya suna neman ganima ga annobar cin hanci da rashawa ta Fujimori."

Trilogy Millennium

Tsakanin 2001 da 2005, Stieg ya sadaukar da kansa ga rubuta fiye da shafuka 2.200 na sagarsa da ake kira Millennium, sunan da ya bashi ta hanyar kirkirarrun mujallar litattafan nasa. Jerin litattafan laifuka uku ne da aka saita a Sweden, waxanda ke da manyan haruffa biyu: Lisbeth Salander da Mikael Blomkvist.

Jarumar tana aiki ne a matsayin gwani ɗan damfara mai cin amana 'Yar shekaru 20 da ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar hoto, kuma abokin aikinta ɗan jarida ne. Tare suna koyaushe suna cikin jerin abubuwan da ke sa su aikata laifin laifi. Don haka, don karyata zargin, dole ne su gano ainihin masu laifin.

Mazajen da basa kaunar mata (2005)

Wannan shine aikin adabi na farko na karatun, kuma an buga shi a ƙasar haihuwar marubuci watanni bayan mutuwarsa. Wannan shine kawai ƙarshen bayanan ƙarshe wanda ya mamaye kuma ya hanzarta yaɗa shahararren labarin a duk duniya. A cikin ta, Harriet Vanger,, mace daga dangi mai arziki, bace a kan wani tsibiri a Sweden.

Bayan shekaru talatin da shida na rashin tabbas game da inda yake, binciken ya ci gaba da tambayoyi da yawa. Sirrin ya kai Henrik Vanger (kawun mutumin da ya ɓace) don gano makomar matar. Don yin wannan, ya ɗauki Mikael Blomkvist aiki, wanda, shi kuma, ya sami goyon baya a cikin Lisbeth Salander don warware matsalar.

Yarinyar da tayi mafarkin ashana da gwangwani mai (2006)

Yarinyar da tayi mafarkin ashana da gwangwani mai.

Yarinyar da tayi mafarkin ashana da gwangwani mai.

Sananne a Latin Amurka kamar Yarinyar da tayi wasa da wuta shine juzu'i na biyu na abubuwan da suka faru a Mikael Blomkvist da Lisbeth Salander. A wannan kashi na biyu, marubuciyar ta ba Salander martaba sosai, saboda 'yan sanda suna bincikenta a kan laifin kisan kai.

An kashe wani dan jarida da budurwarsa, saboda wani labari game da fataucin mata daga Gabashin Turai. Takardar da ake magana a kanta za a buga ta a cikin mujallar Millennium, amma laifin yana lalata komai. Shaidun sun nuna Salander a matsayin babban wanda ake zargi, saboda haka Blomkvist na bukatar tabbatar da cewa ba ta da laifi.

Sarauniya a gidan sarauta (2007)

Wannan kashi na uku ya sayar da kofi sama da 200.000 a rana ɗaya kawai. Makircinsa yana kan sabuwar shari'ar ga masu binciken. Salander yana neman yin adalci da kansa, don haka yana bin mutumin da ya yi yunkurin cin zarafin rayuwarsa da kuma cibiyoyin jama'a wadanda ba su warware duk wata shaidar wannan laifi ba.

Kwatsam mutuwa da gado

Wasiyyar Larsson ita ce ta rubuta litattafai 10 na aikata laifi, amma mutuwarsa ba zata ba shi damar ci gaba da aikin adabi ba. Koyaya, danginsa sun ba da haƙƙin bugawa ga David Lagercrantz, wanda ya yanke shawarar ci gaba da sauran ayyukan. Babu shakka, dabarun ya kasance babban nasara.

Stieg Larsson ya mutu a Stockholm a ranar 9 ga Nuwamba, 2004, daga bugun zuciya.. Bayan aikinsa na kwazo da sadaukarwa, mutum ya kasance mai yawan yawan dandano na taba, kofi da abinci mara kyau. Baya ga wannan, koyaushe yana fama da rashin bacci da gajiya. Abin baƙin ciki, duk waɗannan abubuwan sun haifar da haɗuwa mai haɗari wanda ya ƙare rayuwarsa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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