Rukunin wuta

Ken Follett.

Ken Follett.

Rukunin Wuta (Shafin Wuta, suna na asali cikin Turanci) littafi ne na Ken Follet, ɗan littafin Ingilishi mafi nasara a zamanin yau. Sa hannun wannan marubucin daidai yake da cin nasara, duka a matakin edita da kuma sukar adabi da tarbar masu karatu. Ba abin mamaki bane, rubuce-rubucensa - galibinsu suna cikin nau'ikan litattafan tarihi - sun mai da shi fitaccen marubuci.

Daga cikin shahararrun abubuwan da ya kirkira a duk duniya akwai harkoki uku "The Century" (The Century) da kuma jerin Ginshiƙan ƙasa. Daidai, Rukunin wuta (2017) shine kashi na uku na wannan sabon saga. Wanda ya fara da taken mai ban sha'awa a cikin 1989 kuma an kammala shi tare da gabatarwa, Duhu da wayewar gari, a cikin 2020.

Marubucin

An haifi Kenneth Martin Follet a ranar 5 ga Yuni, 1949 a Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. Iyayenta - Martin da Veenie Follet - Kiristoci ne masu ra'ayin mazan jiya. Saboda haka, Karatu kawai yake a matsayin nau'in wasan da yake so, tunda an hana shi kallon talabijin da zuwa fina-finai. Daga baya a cikin 1950s dangin Follet suka zauna a London.

A can, saurayi Kenneth ya karanci Falsafa a Kwalejin Jami'ar London tsakanin 1967 da 1970. Bayan kammala karatu, ya kwashe tsawon watanni uku a kwasa-kwasan aikin jarida kafin ya fara aiki a jaridar Kudu Walles Echo da Cardiff Bayan shekaru uku a Wales, ya koma London don shiga cikin ƙungiyar Matsayin maraice.

Littattafan farko

Follet ya fara aikin adabi a cikin 1974 tare da jerin Apples Motoci —Karkashin sunan layin Simon Myles— wanda juzinta na farko shine Babban allura. Sannan ya sanya hannu tare da ainihin sunansa Shakeout (1975) y Gashin Gemu (1976), duka daga cikin shirinsa na Spy Roper. Bayan haka, tsakanin 1976 - 1978 marubucin Welsh din ya saki littattafai shida da aka sanya hannu tare da masu suna Bernard L. Ross, Martin Martinsen da Zachary Stone.

Ken Follett ya faɗi.

Ken Follett ya faɗi.

Tun daga shekarar 1978 Follet ba ta sake amfani da laƙabi ba, tun daga waccan shekarar da ta fara aiki Tsibirin hadariKuma rayuwarsa ta canza har abada. Wannan taken shine babban mataki na farko zuwa shahara a cikin nasara mai nasara tare da fiye da litattafai 40 don girmamawarsa. A yau, an yarda da ilimin Cardiff a duniya azaman Mafi sayarwa na litattafan tarihi da manyan labarai na almara na tarihi.

Ken Follet sanannun sanannun litattafai

  • Makullin yana cikin Rebecca. (Makullin Rebecca, 1980).
  • Mutumin daga St. Petersburg. (Mutumin daga St. Petersburg, 1982).
  • Fukafukan gaggafa. (Akan Fuka-fukan Mikiya, 1983).
  • Kwarin zaki. (Kwanciya tare da Zakuna, 1986).
  • Wuri da ake kira 'yanci. (Wurin da Aka Kira 'Yanci, 1995).
  • Tagwaye na uku. (Na Biyu, 1997).
  • Babban haɗari. (Jackdaw ta, 2001).
  • A cikin Fari. (Whiteout, 2004).

Trilogy na ƙarni - ƙarni

  • Faduwar Kattai. (Faduwar Kattai, 2010).
  • Lokacin hunturu na duniya. (Lokacin hunturu na Duniya).
  • Kofa na har abada. (Edge na har abada, 2014).

Sauti Ginshiƙan ƙasa

An ba da wannan saga Ken follet matuƙar matsayin marubuci mafi kyawu. Bugu da kari, kowane daga cikin kundin wannan jadawalin yana da akalla shafuka 900 (a jumlace, akwai sama da shafuka dubu hudu). Ta haka ne, mai karatu ya kasance yana da ƙugiya har zuwa ƙarshe duk da tsawon rubutun. Wanda ke nuna kwarewar labari da zurfin haruffan da marubucin Cardifian ya kirkira.

da ginshiƙai de la Tierra (Ginshikan duniya, 1989)

Wannan labari na almara na tarihi yayi nuni da abubuwan da suka faru na rashin mulkin Ingilishi (karni na XNUMX). Musamman game da lokacin da ya faru tsakanin Farin Jirgin Ruwa da harin da aka kaiwa Akbishop Thomas Becket. Hakanan ya hada da wani wuri game da mahajjata na Santiago de Compostela kan hanyarsu daga Faransa zuwa arewacin Spain.

Duniya mara iyaka (Duniya ba ta da iyaka, 2007)

Kamar littafin da ya gabace shi, aikin yana faruwa a cikin Kingsbridge (garin almara), amma a karni na sha huɗu. Bugu da kari, cutar bakar fata da illolinta ga nahiyar Turai —Ya ƙare da kashi uku na yawan jama'a a ƙasashe kamar Italiya ko Ingila— yana da yawa daga cikin makircin. Bugu da ƙari, asusun ya ba da cikakken bayani game da mamayewar mara izza da yaƙi na mamaye Faransa na biyun da ci gaban birane na lokacin.

Rukunin wuta (Da'irar Wuta, 2017)

A cikin 1558, Kingsbridge gari ne wanda masu tsattsauran ra'ayi na addini suka raba shi. A halin yanzu, Ned Willard (fitaccen jarumin) yana cikin nuna adawa ga na ƙaunataccensa, Margery Fitzgerald. Lamarin ya munana yayin da aka naɗa Elizabeth I sarauniyar Ingila. Bayan haka, sauran masarautun Turai sun fara yin makirci don kifar da ita.

Duhu da wayewar gari (Maraice da Safiya, 2020)

Abubuwan da aka gabatar a gaba ɗayan jerin suna farawa a shekara ta 997, a cikin Kingsbridge, a tsakiyar zamanin da ake kira Duhun Zamani. Sakamakon haka, lokaci ne wanda yakamata mutanen karkara suyi gwagwarmaya da mamayar zinare na Vikings da Welsh.

Rukunin wuta, labari game da haƙuri

Rukunin wuta.

Rukunin wuta.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Rukunin wuta

A wata hira da jaridar Spain El País (2017), Follet ta bayyana cewa Rukunin wuta "Littafi ne game da hakuri." Domin, duk da cewa littafi ne mai hujja wanda yake cike da jigogi na addini, ba rubutu bane game da addini. Hakanan, marubucin ɗan Welsh din ya nuna manufarsa don tona asirin tsakanin iko, kuɗi da addini.

A cikin wannan hira, Follet ya kwatanta tsattsauran ra'ayin addini na karni na XNUMX tare da ci gaban tsattsauran ra'ayi da ake gani a duk duniya a yau. Wannan tsattsauran ra'ayin ya wuce addini, domin yana 'gurɓata' siyasa, dangantakar jama'a har ma da lamuran kimiyya. A matsayin misali, marubucin Ingilishi ya nuna Bretxit da ta’addancin Musulunci a Turai.

Synopsis

Inicio

Ned Willard, wanda ya buga labarin, wani saurayi ne daga Kingsbridge wanda ya dawo kasarsa a Kirsimeti 1558. Shekarun ƙiyayya da rashin jituwa ta addini sun wuce tsakanin Katolika da Furotesta. Sakamakon haka, zubar da jini shine ya zama ruwan dare. Mafi munin: Ned yana son ya auri yarinya daga wani gefe, Margery Fitzgerald.

Jim kadan bayan Elizabeth na hau gadon sarautar Ingila. Sarauniyar, da ta san tsananin kiyayya da aka haifar a sauran nahiyoyin, ta umarci ma'aikaciyarta ta sirri da ta kasance cikin shirin ko-ta-kwana. Babbar barazanar ta kasance wakiltar dan uwanta - mai son-yaudara - Mary Stuart, Sarauniyar Scots. Wanda yake da nasa rukunin masu aminci a ciki da wajen Tsibirin Burtaniya.

Loveauna mara yiwuwa

Bayanin Ken Follett.

Bayanin Ken Follett.

A halin yanzu, Ned yana cikin neman Jean Langlais wanda ba shi da kyau (halayyar da aka ɓoye a bayan sunan ƙarya; a ƙarshe, ya kasance abokin ƙuruciya). A layi daya, makircin ya mayar da hankali kan kokarin da 'yan leken asiri suka yi don kiyaye mulkin Elizabeth na XNUMX a cikin tashin hankalin da ya faru daga Edinburgh zuwa Geneva, ban da yawan makircin cikin gida.

A wannan lokacin, an bayyana ainihin yanayin rikicin, (duka na Ned da Margery, da kuma siyasa). Fadan ba tsakanin Katolika da Furotesta ba ne. Yakin ya kasance tsakanin waɗanda suka fi haƙuri - a shirye don sasantawa kan yarjejeniya - da azzaluman abokan adawar su suka kudiri aniyar sanya ra'ayin su game da duniya ko ta halin kaka.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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