Consuelo López-Zuriaga. Tattaunawa da wanda ya zo na karshe da Kyautar Nadal

Hotuna: Consuelo López-Zuriaga. Bayanin Facebook.

Consuelo López-Zuriaga fue na karshe na Kyautar Nadal ta karshe tare da labari Wata kila a cikin fall, wanda ya buga a ƙarshen Afrilu. A cikin wannan hira Ya gaya mana game da ita da shigowar ta kwanan nan cikin duniyar wallafe-wallafe. Ina matukar jin dadin kyautarku da lokacinku.

Consuelo López-Zuriaga. Ganawa

  • LABARI NA ADDINI: Wata kila a cikin fall Littattafanku ne na farko kuma ya kasance mai tsaran karshe don Kyautar Nadal ta ƙarshe. Me kuke gaya mana game da shi kuma daga ina ra'ayin ya samo asali?

CONSUELO LÓPEZ-ZURIAGA: Watakila a lokacin kaka magana game da fragility na bayyane yanayin rayuwarmu. Ta yaya rayuwar yau da kullun zata iya canzawa, a take, yayin saduwa da mace-mace. Labarin yayi ƙoƙari ya kama wannan lokacin lokacin da al'ada ta daina wanzuwa. 

Amma ga mãkirci, ya gaya yadda rayuwar Claudia figueroa, hazikin lauya wanda aka sadaukar domin kare hakkin dan adam, yana daukar tsattsauran ra'ayi lokacin da Mauricio, abokin zamanka, an gano ka tare da ci gaba da ciwon daji. Tun daga wannan lokacin, jarumar dole ne ta yanke shawara mai mahimmanci wanda zai shafi abin da, har zuwa lokacin, rayuwarta da burinta. Ba tare da taswira ko kamasi don fuskantar ɓarkewar cutar da rashin fahimtar mutuwa ba, za ta fara hanyar da za ta yi mahawara a tsakani tsakanin fargabar rashin wanda take so, hutu da rayuwarta ta baya da fahimtar cewa ba za ta sake zama haka ba.

A takaice, Wata kila a cikin fall ruwaito a Canjin nasara wanda makomarsa ta ƙarshe ita ce ta shawo kan tsoron daina zama abin da muka kasance koyaushe.

Tunanin littafin yana da tarihin rayuwa da sauran asalin adabi. Amma na farko, ya samo asali ne daga kwarewar da nake da shi game da cutar kansa da kuma tasirin da cutar abokiyar zama ta yi a rayuwarmu. Game da na biyu, makircin wannan tatsuniya da muryar labarin ta fito daga kalmomin Joan Didionyaushe en Shekarar Tunanin Sihiri, ya ce: «Kun zauna cin abincin dare kuma rayuwar da kuka saba da ita ta ƙare ». Karatun Didion ya bani yanayin yanayin littafin. Ita marubuciya ce mai cikakken iko ruwaito gaskiya tremendously ban mamaki na rayuwarsu tare da kusan m daidaici, nesa da cin zarafi da kowane irin tunani. Ina so in sanya muryar labarin Claudia a cikin wannan rijistar, inda motsin zuciyar ba ya raguwa ko ya wuce kima, amma ya isa ga mai karatu sosai.

  • AL: Kuna tuna littafin farko da kuka karanta? Kuma labarin farko da kuka rubuta?

CLZ: Littattafan farko dana fara karantawa sune Enid Blyton. Maza Uku Masu Hikimar koyaushe sun zo dauke da kwafin Biyar, Sirrin Bakwai ko daga waccan makarantar allo - kafin Harry Potter amma kuma Bature ne sosai - wanda hakan ne Hasumiyar Malory. da ƙwanƙwasa, da kashin baya, daga tarin yayana da kasada na Asterix da Obelix Sun kuma kasance tare da ni a cikin burodi da yawa tare da cakulan.

Na kasance budurwa mai karatu kuma mai karatu kuma, wataƙila saboda wannan dalili, rubuce-rubuce ba da daɗewa ba a cikin hanyar pkananan ruwayoyi da labarai. Labaran da yake adanawa a cikin litattafan rubutu, tare da zane-zane da hotunan hotunan mutane, kamar ragowar rayuwar da ta fara tashi.

  • Zuwa ga: Babban marubuci? Zaka iya zaɓar fiye da ɗaya kuma daga kowane zamani. 

CLZ: Ba shi yiwuwa a rage shi zuwa guda ɗaya, akwai marubuta da yawa waɗanda suka yi wahayi zuwa gare ni kuma waɗanda na gano cewa "babban balaguro zuwa ga gaskiya" wanda ke karantawa. Ina son marubutan littattafan karni na XNUMX da kuma ikon su na bayar da labari kamar yadda Flaubert, Stendhal, Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Dickens, Galdós ko Clarín. Amma kuma ina da sha'awar halaye marasa kyau da Amurkawa ke yi wa gaskiyar, Hemingway, Dospassos, Scott Fitzgerald, Cheever ko Richard Yates.

Kuma ba zan iya mantawa da waɗancan ba marubutan da suka dandana tare da labari kuma, a lokaci guda, tambayi aikin labarina kamar Faulkner, Cortázar, Kafka ko Juan Rulfo. Kuma a cikin 'yan kwanakin nan, an sanya ni cikin tsoro da hikimar labari Lucia Berlin da kuma damar da yake da ita na sauya fasikancin masu shigowa cikin salo mai dadi. 

  • AL: Wane hali ne a cikin littafi kuke son saduwa da ƙirƙirawa? 

CLZ: Gregory samsa, mai nuna alamar MetamorphosisYana da alama a gare ni wani hali mai ban mamaki wanda ke gabatar da matakai iri-iri kuma wanda bai yi kama da kadaici da ciwo na duniya ba, da raini ga ɗayan, daban, baƙon. 

Har ila yau Emma bovary Halitta ce mai girma wacce take nuni ga lalacewar soyayya ta soyayya da yawan guba na motsin rai, ya zama tsohon tarihin da babu kokwanto dashi. 

  • AL: Duk wasu halaye na musamman ko halaye na musamman game da rubutu ko karatu? 

CLZ: Ina da 'yan al'ada. Na fi so kada in sanya kaina. Ina bukatan sIlencio, kofi da tebur mai tsabta. Don rubutawa Dole ne in saurari kaina, yana da mahimmanci in saurari haruffan kuma kuyi hangen nesa don labarin ya fara tashi akan allon kwamfyutar.

  • AL: Kuma wurin da kuka fi so da lokacin yin sa? 

CLZ: Na yi rubutu cikin nutsuwa. Ina bukatan ware kaina rubuta haka, tunda ina zaune a cikin ƙasar, na sami madaidaiciyar sarari. Canza titunan Madrid don gandun daji ya karawa hankalina karfi. Hakanan, lokacin da na makale, na kira macizai kuma in yi tafiya cikin daji. Koyaya, bana tsammanin sai kun jira "ɗakin kanku", teburin mulkin mallaka ko kuma nazari tare da kallon teku. Lokacin da labarin ya rayu a cikin ku, kuci gaba da gaggawa, ba tare da tsayawa ba kuma duk inda kuke. Na rubuta mafi kyau da sassafe lokacin da hayaniyar ranar bai riga ya shiga kaina ba kuma tarihin ya hau ba tare da tsangwama ba.

Ni encanta karanta kwance a shimfida ko kayi a gado, kodayake ni ma na karanta a cikin bas, a cikin Metro, a cikin jiragen ƙasa da jiragen sama, a cikin ɗakunan jira da ko'ina, lokacin da labarin ya kama ni kuma na cinye kowane shafi na littafin har na kai ga ƙarshe. Daga cikin abubuwa dubu da nake dauke da su a jakata galibi akwai littafi.

  • Zuwa ga: Shin akwai wasu nau'ikan da kuke so? 

CLZ: Ni ma na karanta gwaji, tarihin fasaha kuma ina son littafin tarihi. A waje da fannin adabi zalla, Ina son ilimin tsirrai da littattafan girke-girke. 

  • Zuwa ga: Me kuke karantawa yanzu? Kuma rubutu?

CLZ: A kwanan nan na karanta abubuwan ban mamaki na Rachel Cusk, Hasken haske, Tafiya y Prestige. Na sami ban mamaki yadda Rashin makirci, na dabarun haifar da sakamako, nesa da kai mu cikin wani wofi, ya kai mu ga mosaic na gutsuttsura waɗanda suka mamaye komai kuma suka zama sabon labarin kanta. Ni ma sake karantawa a Miguel Delibes hoton mai sanya wuri, babban marubuci wanda bai taba bata rai ba.

Game da rubutu, ina cikin lokaci na shirya sabon labari na. Labari game da ikon asirin: waɗanda ke samar da fansa kuma, waɗancan, cewa ya fi kyau a bayyana. 

  • Zuwa ga: Yaya kuke tsammanin yanayin bugawa yake kuma menene ya yanke muku shawarar ƙoƙarin bugawa?

CLZ: Yanzu haka na sauka a duniyar wallafe-wallafe, don haka ba zan kuskura in yi cikakken bayani game da halin da take ciki a yanzu ba. Abubuwan dana fara birgeshi shine na rikice. Na ga kasuwa cikakke, tare da wadatattun kayan rubutu, ba zai yiwu ba a ba da hanya ta hanyar masu wallafa na al'ada; kuma a gefe guda, na kuma tsinkaya a canza tsarin, inda madalla da ɗabi'u masu ban sha'awa da yawa suka bayyana, kuma inda gasar tare da wasu nau'ikan «nishaɗi» ke da zafi. A takaice, akwai tashin hankali tsakanin rushewa da bidi'a.

Shawarata ta ƙaddamar da kaina tana da alaƙa da tofin Allah tsine cewa shi an kammala littafi lokacin da mai karatu ya kai shafi na karshe. Ina tsammanin sihirin adabi yana cikin wannan zagayen tafiya tsakanin marubuci da mai karatu. Littafin, Umberto Eco tuni ya ce, «na'urar fassara ce ».

  • Zuwa ga: Shin lokacin rikici da muke fuskanta yana da wahala a gare ku ko kuwa za ku iya kiyaye wani abu mai kyau don labaran nan gaba?

CLZ: Shekarar da ta gabata ta kasance mai rikitarwa da bakin ciki ga mutane da yawa, amma watakila abin da ya fi dacewa shi ne gaskiyar da cutar ta nuna mahimmancin rauni na rayuwarmu da kuma wautar girman kai mai wanzuwa. Wataƙila muna da masaniya. Wani muhimmin al'amari kuma shi ne kara karatu. Mutane da yawa sun koma ga littattafan suna neman shafukan su don ɓoyewa, ta'aziya, koyo ... A takaice, maita adabin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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