Carlos Ruiz Zafón: littattafai

Carlos Ruiz Zafon.

Carlos Ruiz Zafon.

Carlos Ruiz Zafón yana ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun marubutan zamani na karni na XNUMX. Ba a banza yake ɗayan ɗayan marubutan da aka fi karantawa a duniya ba, sai bayan Cervantes; wannan godiya ga mafi kyawun aikinsa: Inuwar iska (2001). Wannan littafin ya kawo cikas ga aikin marubucin kuma masu sharhi sun bayyana shi da cewa: "… ɗayan fitattun littattafan wallafe-wallafe ne na kwanan nan".

Mawallafin marubucin yana da nasa salon, inda ya tara nau'ikan adabi daban-daban. Ya kama cikin abubuwan da ya kirkira wanda yake da mahimmanci kowane makirci en wani abu na musamman da ba za a iya kwatanta shi ba. Duk cikin aikinsa an fassara ayyukansa zuwa harsuna da yawa, tare da shi gudanar da cinye fiye da masu karatu miliyan 25, wanda ke sa ido ga labaransa na yau da kullun.

Bayanin rayuwar mutum

A ranar Juma'a 25 ga Satumba, 1964, garin Barcelona ya sami haihuwar Carlos Ruiz Zafón. Hisungiyar danginsa ta kasance mahaifinsa, Justo Ruiz Vigo, wakilin inshora; mahaifiyarsa, Fina Zafón, da babban wansa, Javier. Tun yana yaro, ya nuna sana'a a matsayin marubuci kuma babban tunani. Tabbacin wannan su ne labarai masu shafi uku da ya rubuta a lokacin yarintarsa, tare da batutuwan ta'addanci da na Martians.

Nazarin farko da matakan adabi

Ya kammala karatunsa na farko a kwalejin Jesuit: San Ignacio de Sarrià, tsarin da ya ƙarfafa dangantakarsa ga salon Gothic. Yana dan shekara 15, ya kammala wani littafi mai shafi 600 dangane da asirin Victoria: Labarin Harlequin. An aika da rubutu zuwa ga masu bugawa daban-daban, amma ba a buga ba. Daga wannan kwarewar, ya sami shawara mai mahimmanci daga editan Edhasa: Francisco Porrúa.

Karatun jami'a da kwarewar aiki

Ya shiga Jami’ar mai zaman kanta ta Barcelona don yin karatun Kimiyyar Bayanai. Yayin da yake shiga shekarar farko ta karatunsa, ya nemi aiki a hukumomin talla daban-daban. Ya gudanar da aikin sa ta Dayax, inda ya tashi daga mai ba da gudummawa zuwa kwafin rubutu. Daga baya, yi aiki tare da wasu mahimman hukumomi, kamar: Ogilvy, Tandem / DDB y Canungiyar Duniya ta Mc Cann.

Gasar adabi

a 1992, Ruiz Zafón ya yanke shawarar yin ritaya daga fagen talla kuma ya sadaukar da kansa cikakke ga wallafe-wallafe. A) Ee fara rubutu wani sirri mai ban mamaki da almara, wanda ya ƙare shekara guda daga baya: Yariman Hauka. A kan shawarar budurwarsa, ya gabatar da ita ga takara na adabi matasa daga m Edebé, wanda ya ci nasara. Tare da lambar yabon, ya karɓi abin da ya sami babban kuɗi na lokacin.

Marubucin ya yanke shawarar saka hannun jari na babbar kyautar don biyan wasu sha'awar sa, sinima, don haka ya koma garin Los Angeles. Da zarar an zauna a can, fara rubuta rubutun, ba tare da yin watsi da ƙirƙirar littattafansa ba. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan haka, ya buga jerin abubuwan da ya fara zuwa aikinsa na farko: Fadar tsakar dare (1994) y Hasken satumba (goma sha tara da tasa'in da biyar); domin kammala Kuskuren Trig.

A 1999, ya gabatar Marina, labarin da marubucin ya bayyana a matsayin: “… wanda yafi kowane mutum aiki”. Bayan shekara guda, ya yanke shawarar yin fare akan manyan mutane kuma ya fara rubutun tetralogy Makabarta littattafan da aka manta da su, tare da littafin Inuwar iska (2001). Da sauri, aikin ya sayar da sama da miliyan 15 na kofe, wanda ya inganta aikin Mutanen Espanya.

Mutuwar farko

Carlos Ruiz Zafon ya mutu a ranar 19 ga Yuni, 2020 a Los Angeles (Amurka), yana da shekaru 55 da kuma bayan yaƙin shekara biyu tare da ciwon daji na hanji.

Litattafan Carlos Ruiz Zafón

  • Rikicin Triji
  • Tetralogy Maƙabartar littattafan da aka manta
    • Inuwar iska (2001)
    • Wasan mala'ika (2008)
    • Fursunan Sama (2011)
  • Labyrinth na ruhohi (2016)

Wasu littattafai na Carlos Ruiz Zafón

Yariman Hauka (1993)

A lokacin rani na 1943, mai sanya agogo Mai sassaka Maximilian le ya sanar da matar sa Andrea da 'ya'yansa maza —Alicia, Irina da Max- cewa za su motsa zuwa wani yanki a gabar tekun Atlantika, domin kare su daga yaki. Max bai ji daɗin wannan shawarar ba, saboda ba ya son barin gidansa. A daren da zai tafi, mahaifinsa ya sami damar taya shi murna bayan ya ba shi agogon azurfa don ranar haihuwarsa.

A lokacin tafiya, Maximilian ya fara gaya wa yaransa tarihin gidan, wanda ya ƙunshi abubuwan da suka gabata na duhu. Tun da daɗewa, ɗan tsoffin masu shi ya nitse ya mutu a cikin baƙon yanayi. Bayan doguwar tafiya, 'yan Carvers sun isa sabon gidansu, wani wuri mai ban mamaki da ƙura saboda dogon lokaci ba tare da amfani ba; nan da nan, sai su fara kwance kayansu.

Tare, 'yan uwa suna taimakawa tare da ayyukan tsabtatawa, wanda ke ba su gajiya. Bayan ɗan hutu, Max, wanda yake mai hankali da rashin tsoro, fara lura da abubuwan ban mamaki da tsoratarwa. Daga can, wannan saurayin rayu lokacin duhu lokacin haduwa tare da muguwar halitta: Yariman hazo, wanda ke ba da fata, amma a farashi mai tsada.

Siyarwa Yariman Hauka ...
Yariman Hauka ...
Babu sake dubawa

Marina (1999)

Oscar Drai ya dawo Barcelona bayan shekaru da yawa na rayuwa mai wahala saboda abubuwan da suka gabata, a can ne ya yanke shawarar fara ba da labarinsa. Hakan ya faru ne lokacin da yake shekara 15 kuma ya gudu daga makarantar allo don shiga cikin gari. Son sani ya sa shi shiga wani tsohon gida a Sarriá, inda ya sami tsohuwar agogon aljihu, wanda ya ɗauka tare da shi lokacin da zai tafi cikin gaggawa.

Oscar, ɗan damuwa, ya yanke shawarar komawa don dawo da abin, amma yana mamakin Marina, Wanda ya dauke shi tare da mahaifinsa Germán. Ya yarda da gafarar saurayin don daukar agogon. Bayan tattaunawa, samarin sun haɗu don tafiya cikin titunan Barcelona, ​​kuma don haka sun san juna da kyau. Rana mai zuwa, Marina ta dauki Oscar zuwa makabarta, inda ta nuna masa wani kabari na musamman.

Kabarin yana da dutsen kabari tare da zane-zanen baƙon malam baki, babu suna. Niche shine wata mata mai suna enigmatic ta ziyarta sau ɗaya a wata, Wanda kawai ya bar jan fure. Abin ya birgeshi, samarin sun binciki wannan mummunan halin, wanda ya kaisu ga tsohuwar masana'antar kera kayan roba. A can ne suke gano asirin ɓoyayyen da ke kewaye da mai masana'antar: Mikhail Kolvenik.

Tafiya mai ban tsoro tana sa su shiga cikin mummunan labari, mai hatsarin gaske kuma hakan zai sanya alamar makomar su har abada.

Inuwar iska (2001)

A cikin kwanciyar hankali Barcelona bayan ƙarshen rikice-rikicen makamai, matasa Daniel Sempere yana tafiya hannu da hannu tare da mahaifinsa to wuri mai ban mamaki. Wannan ya ɗauka zuwa Makabartar Manta da Littattafai; a can yake ba da shawara zabi littafi, wacce dole ne su kula kamar dai wata taska ce. Daniel, Daniyel ya zaɓi rubutu da ake kira Inuwar iska, wanda Julián Carax ya rubuta.

Lokacin da na dawo gida, da sauri karanta littafin ka kasance da labarin, don haka ya yanke shawarar neman ƙarin bayani game da marubucin, amma da wuya wani ya san shi. Ba da daɗewa ba, ya gudu zuwa Laín Coubert, mutum mai ban mamaki wanda ke son rusa duk ayyukan Carax. Wannan baƙon abu yana yin duk abin da zai yiwu don samun kwafin da Daniel ya mallaka.

Bayan ci gaba da bincike, Daniyel ya shiga cikin haɗarin enigmas wanda ke kewaye da marubucin. Daga can — Tsakanin dazu da yanzu- haruffa da yawa waɗanda ke cikin sirrin sun fara bayyana. Kamar dai su guntun wani ne wuyar warwarewa, kowane labari yayi daidai daidai har zuwa finalmente warware todas makircin kewaye da makircin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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