Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai

Pablo Neruda.

Pablo Neruda.

Pablo Neruda ya gama rubutawa Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai tun yana dan shekara 19. Duk da ƙuruciyarsa, mawaƙin ɗan ƙasar Chile ya sami babban waƙoƙin waƙoƙi, wanda ya keɓance da ingantattun hanyoyin sadarwa da ingantaccen adabi. Ba a banza ba, ana ɗaukar wannan littafin a matsayin babban abin tunani a cikin adabin Mutanen Espanya na Amurka.

A zahiri, a lokacin mutuwarsa marubucin Kudancin Amurka (1973) Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai tuni an sayar da kofi sama da miliyan biyu. Saboda wannan, Wataƙila shine mafi yawan waƙoƙin da aka karanta a kowane lokaci. A cewar mai sukar adabin Harold Bloom, Neruda shine - tare da Fernando Pessoa daga Fotigal - shahararren mawaki a karni na XNUMX.

Sobre el autor

Pablo Neruda shine sunan karya na Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (Parral, Chile, 1904 - Santiago de Chile, 1973), wanda ya lashe kyautar Nobel ta Adabi (1971). Mawakin Chilean ya zaɓi wannan laƙabin don girmama mawaƙin Czech Jan Neruda. Duk tsawon aikinsa na adabi ya wuce daga dumi na Wakoki Ashirin zuwa mummunan surrealism na Kasancewa a Duniya (1933-35).

Daga baya, ya bayyana kudurinsa na siyasa da zamantakewa a cikin ayyuka kamar Janar waka (1950) kafin canzawa zuwa ga bayyananniyar magana da sauƙin bayyananniya a cikin Elemental Odes (1954-57). Hakazalika, waɗannan canje-canje na jigogi da salo suna nuna dacewar mawaƙi lokacin haɗa abubuwan kirkirar kirki a cikin yawan wallafe-wallafensa.

Haihuwa, yarinta da ayyukan farko

An haife shi ne a ranar 12 ga Yulin, 1904. Watan da aka haife shi mahaifiyarsa ta mutu kuma dole ne ya koma tare da mahaifinsa zuwa garin Temuco. A can ya halarci karatunsa na farko kuma ya sadu da Gabriela Mistral, wacce ta kawo shi kusa da manyan litattafan adabin Rasha. Wakar sa ta farko itace Wakar bikin (1921), sanya hannu tare da laƙabi na Pablo Neruda (an yi rajista bisa doka a cikin 1946).

Haka kuma, en Temuco ya yi aiki a karo na farko a cikin jarida, ya ci gaba da aiki a Santiago a matsayin editan Tsabta, inda suka buga wakokinsa da dama. A cikin babban birnin Chile ya yi karatu ya zama malamin Faransanci kuma ya sami shaharar duniya bayan ƙaddamar da Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai kuma daga Oƙarin mutumin da ba shi da iyaka.

Tafiya da tuntuɓar Zamani na 27

A tsakiyar 1920s, ya fara rike ofisoshin jakadanci a kasashe irin su Burma, Singapore, Ceylon, da Java.. Daga baya, ya kasance a Spain (1934 - 1938). Inda ya danganta da masu zane-zane daga Generation of 27 kamar García Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Miguel Hernández, Gerardo Diego da Vicente Aleixandre, da sauransu.

A ƙasar Iberiya ya kafa mujallar Kore Doki Ga Waka kuma ya bayyana goyon bayan sa ga Republicans karara tare da aikin sa a Spain a cikin zuciya (1937). Bugu da kari, Bayan dawowarsa zuwa Chile (1939) ya zama memba na Jam'iyyar Kwaminis. A cikin 1945, ya zama mawaki na farko da ya karɓi Kyautar Nationalasa ta Chileasar ta Chile don Adabi.

Shekarunsa na ƙarshe

Neruda ya yi amfani da matsayin sa a Majalisar Dattawa wajen yin tir da matsalolin zamantakewar zamanin sa, wadanda su ka kawo masa rikici da masu fada aji na siyasa. Sakamakon haka, dole ne ya nemi mafaka a Ajantina, daga baya ya nemi mafaka a Meziko. A farkon farkon shekarun 1950 ya zagaya USSR, China da Gabashin Turai. Ya sami kyautar Nobel ta Adabi a shekarar 1971.

A waccan shekarar ya yi murabus daga takararsa ta shugabancin Chile don nuna goyon baya ga Salvador Allende. Sabon shugaban ya nada shi jakada a Paris. Koyaya, an tilasta masa komawa Santiago da rashin lafiya shekaru biyu bayan haka. Bugu da ƙari, mutuwar Allende saboda hawan Augusto Pinochet zuwa iko ya shafe shi ƙwarai da gaske. Mawakin ya rasu ne a ranar 23 ga Satumbar 1973.

Analysis of Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai

Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai.

Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Babu kayayyakin samu.

Tsari da salo

Wannan tarin kasidun ya kunshi kasidu ashirin ne wadanda ba a bayyana sunayen su ba, ban da "Wakar bege". Idan aka bincika rubutun gabaɗaya, abin maƙarƙancin littafin ba wata mace ce takamaimai ba, to kayan tarihi ne na duniya. Wato, ƙaunataccen mutum tare da mai ƙauna (marubuci). Bugu da kari, Neruda da kansa ya bayyana cewa saboda abin da ya kirkira ya haifar da tunanin ƙuruciyarsa.

Amma ga style, Wakokin soyayya guda ashirin da wata waqa mai sosa rai hujjoji masu fadi game da ilimin adabin zamani. Da kyau, rubutun yana nuna alamun sabbin abubuwa na tsari a cikin ayoyin, shahararren kide kide da wake-wake da kuma wasu nau'o'in mahimmanci. Koyaya, keɓancewar wannan aikin ya zama abin tunani ga mawaka daga baya.

Ayyukan

  • Predilection don yankin Alexandria.
  • Amfani da ayoyi a cikin manyan zane-zane da, a cikin lamura da yawa, na Iskandariya.
  • Matsayi mai yawa na amo.
  • Amfani da sdrújulas da kalmomi masu mahimmanci a tsakiyar ayoyin manyan fasaha.

Jigogi

Loveauna, rakiyar marmari don tunawa, da watsiwa abubuwa ne masu fa'ida cikin littafin. Haka kuma, shigar waqoqin ana lodinsu da batsa ta samo asali ne tsakanin samari biyu (har ma da butulci) masoya. A lokaci guda, mawaƙin yana watsawa wanda yake mantuwa yana ɓoyewa tare da rufe shurursa duk abin da ya ji.

A gefe guda, ana kula da jikin mace a matsayin yanki mai dausayi wanda ya cancanci a bincika shi sosai kuma a nome shi. Inda sha'awar saduwa da ita bata cika gamsuwa. Don haka, sha'awar mai magana mai kauna (mutumin da ke buƙatar ƙasar ta nome ta) ta kasance mai daɗewa.

Gashi:

"Jikin mace, fararen duwatsu, farin cinyoyi,

kun yi kama da duniya a halayenku na miƙa wuya.

Jikina wani balarabe daji yana raina ka

kuma yasa danshi yayi tsalle daga kasan duniya.

Na kasance kamar rami. Tsuntsayen sun guje ni

kuma a cikina dare ya shiga mamayarsa mai ƙarfi ”.

Soyayya da karayar zuciya

Mawaki koyaushe yana nuna rikice-rikicen sa game da mantuwa da buri ta hanyar maganganu masu alaƙa da dare da duhu. Ya bambanta, ƙaunatacciyar mace tana tuno saututtukan ɗabi'a, kyawun sama, taurari da bugun zuciyar da ke motsa ta. Kafin matarsa, mawaƙin ya mika wuya cike da farin ciki.

Bukata ta hanyar kalma

In ji Pablo Neruda.

In ji Pablo Neruda.

Kowane alƙawarin da mai magana ke bayarwa yana buƙatar daidaitattun kalmomin da za su kai ga ba kawai kulawa da jikin ƙaunatacciyar mace ba. A gaskiya, jumla da jumla mawaƙi ya kusanci kunnen mace da ƙwarin gwiwa don kai wa ga tunaninta. Wannan yanayin ya bayyana a cikin snippet mai zuwa:

"Kafin ku sun mamaye kadaicin da kuke zaune,

kuma sunfi kowa saba da bakin cikina.

Yanzu ina son su fadi abin da nake son fada muku

ta yadda za ku ji su yadda nake so ku ji ni ”.

Fi'ili shine mahada

Kalmar ta zama buqatar da ba za a iya kauce mata ba ga maudu'in kauna. Saboda haka, fi'ili yana tsaye azaman kayan aiki da aka yi amfani da ita don canzawa jikin mai kuzari zuwa abu mai rai da bunƙasa. A wannan gaba, tsarkakakkiyar soyayya - kyauta daga duk wani sha'awa ta jiki - tana nuna kanta a matsayin babbar bukata ta kauna.

Tsoron watsi

A ƙarshe, Neruda tana magance raunin zuciya a cikin maganganu waɗanda ke nuna ainihin tsoron ɗan adam: don jin an watsar da ku. Bayan haka, tunanin wani ciwo na baya ya bayyana kamar nauyi wanda mai ƙauna yake ɗauka ba tare da sani ba kuma ya shirya mai karatu don waƙar matsanancin. Ga wasu jimloli daga waƙar da aka ambata ɗazu:

"Kun haɗiye komai, kamar nesa.

Kamar teku, kamar yanayi. Komai naka ya lalace! "


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    - Gustavo Woltmann.