Nada, na Carmen Laforet

Carmen Laforet.

Carmen Laforet.

Nada labari ne da shahararren marubucin nan dan kasar Sipaniya Carmen Laforet, ya bayar da lambar yabo ta Nadal a shekarar 1945 (shekarar da aka buga ta). Babban halayen wannan yanki shine Andrea, dalibin jami'a wanda ya shigo gidan dangi a Barcelona. A can, jarumar tana da niyyar kammala karatun ta na ilimi kuma ta matsa zuwa ga cin gashin kanta.

Amma muhalli ne mai cike da wahala yayin lokacin Franco Franco. A saboda wannan dalili, wasu danginsa da suka taɓa yin arziki suna nuna manyan matsalolin halayyar mutum kuma, saboda haka, zaman tare ya zama mai rikici sosai. A ƙarshe, yarinyar tana da damar da za ta shawo kan duk waɗannan matsalolin cikin godiya ga goyon bayan abokan karatunta na kwaleji.

Game da marubucin

Yara da samari

An haifi Carmen Laforet Díaz a ranar 6 ga Satumba, 1921 a Barcelona, ​​Catalonia, Spain. Ita ce ɗan fari na aure tsakanin mai gidan Katalaniya da malami daga Toledo. A cikin 1924, danginsa sun koma Gran Canaria saboda lamuran aikin mahaifinsa (Ya kasance malami ga masana masana'antu).

An haifi ƙannensa Eduardo da Juan a can, waɗanda ya kula da kyakkyawar dangantaka tare da su a tsawon rayuwarsa. Ya koma Barcelona lokacin da ya cika shekaru 18 don karatun Falsafa da Haruffa, na farko, kazalika da doka daga baya. Koyaya, babu ɗayan wasannin biyu da aka kammala.

Aikin adabi mai ban mamaki

Bayan ya cika shekaru 21, ƙaramin Carmen ya koma Madrid. Yayin da take wurin ta haɗu da mai sukar adabi Manuel Cerezales, wanda ya ƙarfafa ta ta yi rubutu. Wannan hanyar, Laforet ya wallafa littafinsa na farko a shekarar 1945, Nada, ya sami yabo sosai kuma ya ba da lambar yabo ta Nadal. A gefe guda, tare da Cerezales ta yi aure tsakanin 1946 da 1970, ma'auratan suna da yara biyar.

A 1948 ya sami fifiko na Royal Academy, duka don farkon sa da wanda zai gaje shi, Kyautar Fastenrath. A zahiri, a cikin shekaru talatin masu zuwa na aikinsa na adabi ya tara kyaututtuka da yabo masu yawa. Wanda ya ci gaba bayan mutuwarsa, wanda ya faru a ranar 28 ga Fabrairu, 2004, a Majadahonda (Community of Madrid), saboda Alzheimer.

Lambobin yabo

Baya ga wadanda aka ambata Nada y Kyautar Fastenrath, Marubucin dan Kataloniya ya sami lambar yabo ta Noorca ta Noor da kuma lambar adabin kasa Sabuwar mace (1955). Bugu da kari, Laforet ya kirkiro tarin litattafai da gajerun labarai. Ya daina rubutu ne kawai lokacin da ya fara fama da matsalar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya saboda yanayin sa, wanda hakan ya sa ya nisanta daga fagen jama'a.

Sauran sanannun lakabi a aikin adabi na Carmen Laforet

  • ­­Tsibiri da aljannu (1950). Labari.
  • Insolation (1963). Kashi na farko na trilogy Matakai uku daga lokaciya biyo baya A kusa da kusurwa (2004) y Mai dubawa (ba a buga shi ba).
  • Harafi zuwa Don Juan (2007). Tattara bayanan gajerun labarai.
  • Romeo da Juliet II (2008). Harhada dukkan rubuce rubucen soyayya.

Analysis of Nada

Babu wani abu

Babu wani abu

Kuna iya siyan labari anan: Nada

Fage da mahallin

Mahaifiyar Carmen Laforet ta mutu 'yan shekaru bayan ta haifi' ya'yanta maza biyu. Daga baya, mahaifin marubucin ya sake auren wata mace wanda hakan ya haifar da da matsala ga matashiyar matar ta Catalan. A dalilin wannan, yawancin jaruman marubutan Barcelona marayu ne (Andrea ma).

Babu shakka, yakin basasa da danniyar Franco suma suna cikin ci gaban wannan aikin. Haka kuma, wannan littafin yana bayanin adawa da kyakkyawan tunanin matasa ta fuskar lalacewar muhallinsu. Bugu da ƙari - kamar yadda yake a cikin wasu matani ta Yankin- marubuciyar ta nuna hangen nesanta na mata baya ga hangen nesa game da imani.

Tsarin da taƙaitaccen bayani

Nada labari ne wanda ya kasu kashi uku a fili daban-daban:

Kusanci

Ya rufe farkon surori goma. Ya ba da labarin zuwan Andrea a Barcelona don fara karatun ta mafi girma. Tare, an bayyana titin da gidan danginsa (cike da alatu a da, a halin yanzu wuri ne mai sanya damuwa). Kazalika da halayen halayen haushi da ke zaune a can; tattaunawar (wasu masu saurin haɗari) da rikice-rikice sune abincin kowace rana.

Kawai kawun sa Román (mai goge goge) da alama ba ya sha'awar al'amuran wasu mutane. Da sannu kaɗan, Andrea tana jin buƙatar ta ware kanta daga duk mahaukacin wurin zamanta. Saboda haka, yana ba da ƙarin lokaci a Jami'ar, inda yake samun sababbin abokai, a cikin su, yana haɗi musamman da Ena da Pons. Wannan sashin ya ƙare da canja wurin Anti Angustias zuwa gidan zuhudu.

Matsaloli

Ya tafi daga surori 11 zuwa 18, wanda matsalolin suke ta daɗa. Jayayya a cikin gidan dangi ya zama abin ƙyama da tashin hankali, yana haifar da wasu daren bacci ga Andrea. Kari akan haka, ya yanke shawarar biyan kudin burodin karin kumallo kawai domin ya samu saukin kula da kudin sa. Amma wannan yana nufin yunwa lokaci-lokaci.

Andrea, lokacin da ba ta cikin aji, takan bata lokaci kamar yadda ta iya karatu a laburari. A halin yanzu yana fadada rukunin abokansa kuma yana rokon Ena da kada ya tafi gidansa, kodayake daga baya jarumar ta canza ra'ayinta. Duk da haka, Wata dangantaka mai ban mamaki ta taso tsakanin Ena da Uncle Román, a daidai lokacin da zawarcin Pons na Andrea ya fara (Kodayake wannan dangantakar ba za ta bunƙasa ba cikin dogon lokaci).

Yanke shawara

Ya hada daga babi na 19 zuwa karshe (25). Andrea ya fara danganta da mahaifiyar Ena, wanda ke da abubuwan ban sha'awa tare da Román. A mawuyacin lokaci na tarihi, Ena ta bayyana wa Andrea ainihin ma'anarta: don wulakanta Roman don fansa don barin mahaifiyarsa. A ƙarshe, Ena ya tafi zama a Madrid kuma Roman ya kashe kansa da reza.

Magana daga Carmen Laforet.

Magana daga Carmen Laforet.

Zuwa ƙarshen, Aunt Gloria (wacce mijinta ya wulakanta ta, Juan) ta karɓi ziyarar daga heran uwanta mata. Bugu da ƙari, waɗancan matan da Juan suna ƙarasa zargin Gloria matalauta da cewa ita ce musababbin wahala a cikin gidan, gami da mutuwar Roman. Labarin ya rufe tare da Andrea yana ban kwana ga duk dangin ta. Tana zuwa Madrid, wacce kawarta Ena ta gayyace ta kuma tare da mata aikin yi.

Jigogi

Carmen Laforet ya nuna a Nada ra'ayoyi mabanbanta game da rashin daidaito ta zamantakewa ta hanyar alaƙar halayenta (Ena, daga dangi masu arziki, da Andrea). Fansa wani dalili ne a cikin tarihi, wanda Ena ya ƙunsa kuma ya cika da mutuwar Roman. Hakanan babu ƙarancin cizon yatsa na soyayya da makircin yaudara.

Duk da haka, mafi ban mamaki al'amari na Nada ita ce korafin kai tsaye game da cin zarafin cikin gida da Gloria ta sha wahala. Da kyau - kamar yadda yake faruwa a yawancin lamura na gaske - tana fallasa wajibcin hadin gwiwar wasu yan uwa, saboda Juan yana neman uzuri ne kawai don ya afka mata saboda matsalolin ta.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Gustavo Woltmann ne adam wata m

    Kyakkyawan bayanin labarin. Ina son tsarin wannan shafin saboda shima yana ba da labarin marubucin.
    - Gustavo Woltmann.