Awanni biyar tare da Mario

Miguel Delibes ne adam wata.

Miguel Delibes ne adam wata.

Miguel Delibes ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan mahimman mawallafa na karni na XNUMX, saboda, a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, ga gwaninta: Awanni biyar tare da Mario. An buga shi a cikin 1966, wannan labari mai gaskiya ne mai nuna gaskiyar zamantakewar al'umma, yanayin adabi mai mahimmanci a Spain a tsakiyar karnin da ya gabata. Saboda haka, salon labari ne tare da babban nauyin al'adu a lokacin mulkin Franco.

Ta hanyar tattaunawar cikin-gida na mace a cikin rikici -Carmen, babban jaririnta- Delibes sun fallasa yawancin rikice-rikicen siyasa da zamantakewar al'umma a Spain a wancan lokacin. Ba a banza ba, jaridar Duniya hada da Awanni biyar tare da Mario a cikin jerin "kyawawan ɗari-ɗari na karni na ashirin."

Sobre el autor

An haifi Miguel Delibes Setién a Valladolid, Spain, a ranar 17 ga Oktoba, 1920. Shi ne ɗa na uku na aure tsakanin Adolfo Delibes da María Setién. Mahaifinsa shi ne mai riƙe da kujerar Doka a Makarantar Kasuwanci na Valladolid. A gefe guda kuma, kakan mahaifiyarsa —Miguel María Setién - sanannen masanin shari'a ne wanda ya kasance memba na ƙungiyar siyasa ta Carlist.

Karatun soja da gogewa

A 1936 ya kammala karatun sakandare a Kwalejin Lourdes a garinsu. Jimawa kadan bayan haka Ya yi hidimar sa kai a cikin sojojin ruwa na sojojin tawaye a lokacin Yakin Basasa na Sifen (1936-39). Da yaki ya kare, sai ya koma kasarsa don karbar horon jami’a; a jere ya kammala karatu a Kasuwanci, Shari'a da kuma Fasaha.

Ayyukan farko

A cikin 1941, jaridar Valladolid Arewacin Castile hayar Delibes a matsayin mai zane-zane. Bayan kammala karatunsa a matsayin Masanin kasuwanci a Bilbao, saurayi Miguel ya hau kujerar shugabancin dokar kasuwanci a Jami'ar Valladolid. A cikin Afrilu 1946 ya auri Ángeles Castro, wanda ya kasance sanannen tarihinsa a yawancin ayyukan adabin nan gaba na marubucin Spain.

Aikin adabi

Littafinsa na farko ya wakilci farkon zama cikin salo: Inuwar cypress tana da tsayi (1947), wanda ya lashe kyautar Nadal. Koyaya, littafinsa na biyu, Koda rana ce (1949), takunkumin Franco ya sanya takunkumi. Bayan wannan kuskuren, ya fara bin sahun masu sa ido a lokacin da yake koyar da batutuwan da suka shafi Yakin Basasa.

Ko ta yaya, tare da Hanya (1950) Delibes sun sami tsarkakewa a duniyar haruffa da kuma rubuce-rubucen rubuce-rubuce na zamanin Sifen. Kodayake, a bayyane yake, takunkumin bai daina musguna masa ba, musamman bayan an nada shi mataimakin darakta Arewacin Castile. Duk da wannan, marubucin Valladolid bai dakatar da rawar sa ba a lokacin shekarun hamsin kuma ya ci gaba da buga matsakaita littafi a shekara.

Sauran litattafan Miguel Delibes

  • Idana Sisi mai tsafi (1953).
  • Littafin Hunter (1955). Gwarzon Kyautar Kasa na Adabi.
  • Diary na ƙaura (1958).
  • Ganyen ja (1959). Wanda ya yi nasarar Kyautar Gidauniyar Juan Maris.
  • Berayen (1962). Gwarzon Mai Musu.
  • Misali na castaway (1969).
  • Yarima mai jiran gado (1973).
  • Yakokin kakanninmu (1975).
  • Kuri'un da aka kaɗa na Señor Cayo (1978).
  • Tsarkaka tsarkaka (1981).
  • Haruffa na soyayya daga mai yawan son yin jima'i (1983).
  • Taskar (1985).
  • Jarumi itace (1987). Gwarzon Gwarzon birnin Barcelona.
  • Uwargida mai launin ja a launin toka mai launin toka (1991).
  • Diary na mai ritaya (1995).
  • Dan bidi'a (1998). Gwarzon Kyautar Kasa na Adabi.

Mutuwa da gado

Miguel Delibes ya mutu ranar 11 ga Maris, 2010. Fiye da mutane 18.000 ne suka halarci majami'arsa mai kuna. Ya bar aiki mai faɗi da wadata. To, baya ga litattafansa guda 20 da aka buga, ya kammala ƙaddamar da littattafan gajerun labarai, littattafan tafiye-tafiye guda shida, littattafan farauta 10, makaloli 20 da kuma labaran jaridu marasa adadi.

Analysis of Awanni biyar tare da Mario

Awanni biyar tare da Mario.

Awanni biyar tare da Mario.

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Awanni biyar tare da Mario

Bayani

A ranar 1 ga Afrilu, 1939, mummunan rikici a cikin tarihin kwanan nan a Spain ya ƙare. Nasarar Franco na nufin hawan Falangists zuwa mulki a ƙarƙashin mulkin da ba za a iya gaskatawa ba na "el caudillo". Bugu da ƙari, gyare-gyaren tsarin mulki na 1942 da 1947 sun haɗu da “halatta” tsarin mulki, tare da haɗin gwiwar Cocin Katolika.

Abubuwa

Masifa ta kasance gama gari, babu haƙƙin zargi ko wata damuwa ta kai tsaye. A cikin rikice-rikice, labarin da ya shafi zamantakewar al'umma ya zama ɗayan windows kaɗan waɗanda ke iya kwatanta wahalar da wani ɓangare na yawan jama'a ke sha. A wannan ma'anar, manyan abubuwan da suka faru sune:

  • Albashin mafi yawan ma'aikata da ƙyar ya ba su damar rayuwa.
  • Kodayake an ƙirƙiri ƙananan kamfanoni da yawa, waɗannan gabaɗaya sun samo asali ne daga kasuwar baƙar fata (saboda ba su da wani zaɓi).
  • Kishin kasa ya tabbatar da komai. Daga hakar mai (a cikin filayen bituminous) zuwa takunkumi mafi ban tsoro idan har za'a yi tambaya game da "kyawawan manufofin" na tsarin mulki ga wanda ake jagoranta.

Synopsis

A cikin tsarin aikin adabi, Awanni biyar tare da Mario nasa ne na wanzuwa neoreist ne kawai (zamani tsakanin 1939 - 1962). A cikin wannan wasan, Ibaura tana amfani da ƙa'idodi ne na mai bajinta - wacce take a tashe mijinta - don bayyana nuances na mutum mai takaici, mai son son kai kuma, akasari, ɗan fasikanci ne.

Bambanci tsakanin salon rayuwa biyu

Babban jigon yana sauke abubuwa a cikin tattaunawarsa na ciki duk yawan zagin da ake yiwa mijinta. Hakazalika, yana gabatar da mai karatu cikakken bayani game da rayuwar ɗaliban tsakiyar Valladolid a lokacin yakin bayan-yaƙi. Koyaya, duk taurincin da aka nuna yana da taushi, a ɗan hanyar, taƙaitaccen sassan raha ko sassan rubutun.

Wasan kuma yana gabatar da bambanci tsakanin dangin jarumai. A gefe guda, mahaifiyar Carmen tana da rayuwa mai mutunci, daidai da gaskiya, kamar yadda mahaifinta dan jarida ne na jaridar ABC. A gefe guda kuma, mahaifin Mario (mijin da ya mutu) ya ci gaba da halaye na rashin kulawa kuma mahaifinsa mutum ne mai mummunan zato, ba shi da mutunci har ma ya mutu.

Otaguwa

Bayyana ta Miguel Delibes.

Bayyana ta Miguel Delibes.

A ƙasan dukkan zargi na Carmen, akwai ƙwarin gwiwa na kayan aiki. To, babban korafin ta shine cewa mijinta bai samu kudi mai yawa a rayuwa ba da zai siya mata wasu abubuwan kuma sami ƙarin sabis. Har ila yau, tana nuna wajan ɓata ta hanyar fahariya game da kulawar da ta samu daga wasu samari lokacin da take ƙarama.

Bugu da kari, Menchu ​​- sunan barkwanci na jarumar - bai fahimci kirki da ladabi na Mario ba tare da mutane daga azuzuwan da ba su da matsala. A ƙarshe, jarumar ta faɗi cewa sun yi soyayya da ƙawayenta na ƙarami cewa (ta rantse) ba ta tsufa ba. An rufe wasan tare da neman Carmen na neman gafara ga mijinta.


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