Ana Maria Matute

Ana Maria Matute

Tushen hoto Ana María Matute: Zendalibros

A cikin babban jerin marubutan Mutanen Espanya, ɗayan sunaye tare da manyan haruffa don haskakawa shine, ba tare da shakka ba, Ana Maria Matute, Mawallafin marubucin Mutanen Espanya wanda ya yi nasarar zama memba na Royal Spanish Academy yana mamaye wurin 'K' kuma ya lashe kyautar Cervantes.

Amma wacece Ana María Matute? Me ya sa ake ɗaukarsa ɗaya daga cikin littattafai mafi muhimmanci na ƙarni na XNUMX a Spain? Za mu gano shi a kasa.

Wacece Ana María Matute

Wacece Ana María Matute

Source: Royal Academy of the Language

An haifi Ana María Matute Ausejo a ranar 26 ga Yuli, 1925 a Barcelona. Ita ce 'yar ta biyu na dangin bourgeoisie na Catalan, wanda ke da alaƙa da kasancewa mai addini da mazan jiya. Mahaifinsa shine Facundo Matute Torres, mai kamfanin laima na Matute SA Mahaifiyarsa ita ce María Ausejo Matute. A jimlace akwai mambobi 7, yara 5 da iyaye.

Yaran Ana María Matute ba a Barcelona ba ne, amma a Madrid. Duk da haka, labaran da ya rubuta ba su fi mayar da hankali kan wannan wurin ba.

Tana da shekaru hudu, marubucin nan gaba ya kamu da rashin lafiya kuma hakan ya sa dukan iyalin suka ƙaura zuwa Mansilla de la Sierra, inda kakaninta suka fito, saboda lafiyarta, a La Rioja.

Ella Ta kasance daya daga cikin "'yan mata" da suka rayu a cikin yakin basasa na Spain na 1936, tun a lokacin yana dan shekara 11. Saboda haka, tashin hankali, mutuwa, ƙiyayya, talauci, da sauransu. Al'amura ne da ta samu kuma suka zurfafa a cikinta, shi ya sa ta iya yin rubutu game da wannan lokacin ba kamar kowa ba.

La Littafin labari na farko na Ana María Matute yana da shekaru 17. Karamin gidan wasan kwaikwayo ne, ko da yake ba a buga shi ba sai 1950. Shekara guda da ta gabata, ya gabatar da littafinsa na Luciérnagas don lambar yabo ta Nadal, wanda ya ƙare har an kawar da shi a zagaye na ƙarshe, kuma ya sha wahala.

Duk da haka, hakan bai sa ya sassauta yunƙurinsa na rubuce-rubuce na yin suna ba kuma ya ci gaba da buga shi tsawon shekaru da yawa. Ta yadda a shekarar 1976 aka ba shi lambar yabo ta Nobel ta adabi.

Aikin Ana María Matute ya mai da hankali ne kan ilimi, tun tana farfesa ce a jami’a. Ya kuma yi tafiye-tafiye da yawa yana ba da laccoci a garuruwa daban-daban na Spain da Turai, da kuma Amurka.

En 1984 ya sami lambar yabo ta ƙasa don adabin yara da matasa tare da "Kafa ɗaya kawai." A cikin 1996 wani daga cikin manyan ayyukanta mai suna "Forgotten King Gudu", ya ƙaddamar da ita ta koma tauraro amma, ba tare da shakka ba, mafi kyawun abin da ya faru a wannan shekarar shine lokacin da Royal Spanish Academy sun nada mata memba kuma mai wurin zama K, kasancewarta mace ta uku da ke cikin cibiyar.

Ana María Matute a kujera K

Source: asale.org

Kyaututtukan sun sami da yawa, ba kawai ambaton da muka ambata a baya ba. Alal misali, za mu iya buga ku: Kyautar Planeta, Kyautar Nadal, Kyauta ta ƙasa don Wasikun Mutanen Espanya, ɗan wasan ƙarshe na Kyautar Yariman Asturias don Haruffa, Kyautar Miguel de Cervantes ...

Ana María Matute in love

Rayuwar soyayyarsa ta kasance mai ban mamaki. Kuma shi ne a 1952 ta auri marubuci Ramón Eugenio de Goicoechea. Bayan shekaru biyu, an haifi ɗansa Juan Pablo, wanda ya sadaukar da ayyukan yara da yawa.

Duk da haka, bayan shekaru 11 ta rabu da mijinta kuma, saboda dokokin Spain na lokacin, ba ta da ikon ganin ɗanta saboda kulawa ba ita ba ce mijinta. Wannan ya sa ya sami matsalolin tunani.

Bayan shekaru, soyayya ta sake kwankwasa kofarta tare da dan kasuwa Julio Brocard. Amma mutuwarsa a shekara ta 1990, daidai a ranar haihuwar marubucin, ya sa rashin tausayi wanda ya riga ya jawo daga baya ya karu.

Abin takaici, a cikin 2014, Ana María Matute ya mutu saboda matsalolin zuciya.

Wadanne littattafai kuka rubuta

Ana María Matute littattafai

Daga Ana María Matute muna iya samun novels da yawa, Amma watakila abin da ba ku sani ba shi ne cewa ita ma marubuciya ce ta labarin yara da wasan kwaikwayo. Bugu da kari, har yanzu suna da salo kuma tabbas wasunku sun karanta.

Musamman, kuma tare da taimakon Wikipedia, lakabin duk littattafan Ana María Matute kamar haka (an kasu kashi uku):

Novelas

  • Habila
  • Fireflies
  • Jam'iyyar Arewa maso Yamma
  • Theaterananan gidan wasan kwaikwayo
  • A wannan kasa
  • Yaran da suka mutu
  • Memorywaƙwalwar ajiya ta farko
  • Sojoji suna kuka da dare
  • Wasu samari
  • Tarkon
  • Hasumiyar tsaro
  • Teku
  • Manta Sarki Gudú
  • Aramanoth
  • Aljannar da ba kowa
  • Shaidanun aljanu.

Gajerun labarai

  • Yaron makota
  • Rayuwa kadan
  • Wawayen yara
  • Sabuwar rayuwa
  • Yanayin
  • Rabin hanya
  • Tarihin Artamila
  • Masu tuba
  • Uku da mafarki
  • Kogin
  • Budurwar Antioquia da sauran labaran
  • Daga babu inda
  • Haƙiƙanin Ƙarshen Ƙawancin Barci
  • Bishiyar Zinariya
  • Sarki
  • Gidan wasannin da aka haramta
  • Wadanda ke cikin shagon; Malami; Duk rashin tausayi a duniya
  • Ƙofar wata. Cikakkun labaran
  • Waƙa.

Ayyukan yara

  • Ƙasar allo
  • Paulina, duniya da taurari
  • Koren Grasshopper and The Apprentice
  • Littafin wasan yara na wasu
  • Mahaukacin doki da Carnavalito
  • Ma'anar sunan farko "Ulises"
  • Paulina
  • Sabuwar
  • Kafa ɗaya kawai
  • Koren ciyawa
  • Bakar tumaki
  • Duk labaruna.

Menene mafi mahimmancin aikin Ana María Matute?

Ana María Matute ta bar mana ayyuka da yawa don tunawa da ita kuma gaskiyar ita ce zabar ɗaya daga cikinsu yana da wahala. Daga cikin wadanda ya rubuta, wadanda suka fi fice, su ne wadanda ya ba da labarin bayan yakin, amma ba ta fuskar manya ba, sai ta bangaren yara. Hakanan trilogies nasa suna da mahimmanci.

Amma menene mafi muhimmanci aikin Ana María Matute? A wannan yanayin, zamu iya buga da yawa daga cikinsu, amma Wataƙila wanda ya sa marubucin ya fi saninsa kuma ya sami mafi kyawun kimantawa shine Yaran Matattu.

Da wannan littafin, Ana María Matute ta lashe lambar yabo ta Ƙasar Mutanen Espanya a cikin 1959. Amma ba wai kawai ba, har ma da lambar yabo ta Castilian Narrative Criticism Prize.

Ya ba da labarin mutane biyu, Daniel, da aka yi gudun hijira a Faransa da suka koma ƙasarsa da rashin lafiya kuma suka kasa; da kuma Miguel, ɗan wani mai mulkin kama karya wanda ya koma birninsa ya ƙare ya aikata laifi.

Me yasa wannan littafin? To, a cewar masu suka, saboda irin wannan shine ƙarfi da wakilcin ciwo, kaɗaici, rashin ƙarfi, da dai sauransu. wanda ya sa masu karatu su ji irin waɗannan haruffa.

Menene littafin da Ana María Matute ta fi so?

Tambayar marubuci a cikin littattafansa wanene ya fi so shine saka su a cikin daure. Kuma shine, a gare su, duk littattafan suna da sassan da suke so kuma ba za su iya zaɓar ɗaya ba. Gaskiya ne cewa akwai wasu litattafai da littattafai waɗanda marubuta za su so su fi so.

A game da Ana María Matute, Ita da kanta ta furta cewa tana da wanda ya fi so, King Gudu. A ciki, an kafa marubucin ne a tsakiyar zamanai, musamman a asalin da kuma fadada daular Olar, inda wata yarinya ta kudu, wani bakon halitta da ke zaune a cikin ƙasa da kuma mai sihiri za su ketare hanyoyin su.

Kamar yadda kake gani, ba littafin da aka saba saninsa da shi ba. Kuma duk da haka shi ne fantasy, kasada da kuma yadda yake isar da ji na soyayya, iko, taushi, sha'awa, da dai sauransu. wanda ya sanya shi ya fi so.


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