"The Epic of Gilgamesh". Waka almara daga 2.500 BC. Wuce yarda da halin yanzu

Gilgamesh

Saduwa ta farko da Epic na Gilgamesh ya kasance lokacin da ya kusan shekara ashirin. Na karanta shi ne bisa ga shawarar abokina, musamman fitowar mai fassara, mawaki, da kuma marubuci Stephen Mitchell ne adam wata, wanda nake bada shawara sosai. Kaɗan ban yi tunanin irin abin da zan so wannan labarin ba, don haka na yi nadama da tunanin cewa zai iya zama waƙa mai ban tsoro ko mara daɗi.

Rubutun Lapis Lazuli

«Wanda ya ga komai, wanda ya sami duk motsin rai, daga farin ciki zuwa yanke kauna, ya sami jinƙan gani cikin babban asiri, wuraren ɓoye, na kwanakin farko kafin Ruwan Tsufana. Ya yi tafiya zuwa iyakokin duniya kuma ya dawo, a gajiye amma duka. Ya zana ayyukansa a kan dutse, ya sake gina haikalin Eanna mai tsarki, da kuma bango masu kauri na Uruk, garin da babu wani a duniya da zai iya misaltawa da shi. Duba yadda kagaransa ke haskakawa kamar tagulla a rana. Hau matattakalar dutse, wanda ya girmi hankali. Ka zo a Haikalin Eanna, tsarkakakke ga Ishtar, haikalin da girmansa da darajarsa ba wanda sarki ya yi kama da shi; yana tafiya a kan bangon Uruk, yana zagaye birnin, yana bin diddigin manyan harsashensa, yana yin nazarin aikin tubalinsa, yadda yake gwaninta!; Ka lura da ƙasashen da ke kewaye da su: itacen dabino, da lambunan ta, da lambunan gonaki, da manyan fādodin sarauta da gidajen ibada, da bitocin ta da kasuwannin ta, da gidajen ta, da muradun ta. Nemo dutsen dutsensa da kuma, a ƙarƙashinsa, kirjin tagulla wanda ke ɗauke da sunansa. Bude shi. Dauke murfin ta. Fitar da kwamfutar hannu lapis lazuli. Karanta yadda Gilgamesh ya sha wahala duka kuma ya rinjayi duka. "

Ba a sani ba, "The Epic of Gilgamesh" (sigar karin magana ta Stephen Mitchell).

Tarihin Gilgamesh yana da madauwari tsarin: labarin ya fara, kuma ya ƙare, a daidai wannan lokacin, kamar wani nau'in ouroboros wanda ke cizon jelarsa. Wani daki mai ban sha'awa shine daga layin farko ya shafi mai karatu, kamar yana riƙe da lapis lazuli kwamfutar da ke ba da labarin ayyukan sarkin sarakuna. Waɗannan ayoyin sanarwa ne na niyya: "karanta yadda Gilgamesh ya sha wahala duka kuma ya rinjayi duka." Saƙo mai mahimmanci, wanda yake da alaƙa da manufar Nietzschean zai yi iko dubunnan shekaru kafin a haifi Ba falsafar Bajamushe.

Dalilin da EpGilgamesh opeya Babu rikitarwa, kuma ana iya raba shi gida biyu. A cikin farko, Gilgamesh yana neman ɗaukaka, kuma ya danganta kiyayyarsa da Enkidu (wanda daga baya ya zama aboki mara rabuwa), halayyar da ke wakiltar daji a gaban Gilgamesh, wanda ke wakiltar wayewa. Hakanan ana nuna ayyukansa, kamar su yaƙin dodo Humbaba, ko takaddamarsa da allahiya Ishtar da Celestial Bull.

Gilgamesh

Kashi na biyu, a ciki Gilgamesh yana neman rashin mutuwaSanya almara a gefe kuma ɗauki juyi mai ban mamaki. Enkidu ya kamu da rashin lafiya kuma ya mutu, wanda hakan ke lalata fitaccen jarumin namu zuwa iyakokin da ba a tsammani, saboda ya ƙaunace shi kamar yadda yake son kansa. Sarki ya fahimci a karon farko cewa naman jikinsa zai iya lalacewa, kuma wata rana shima zai mutu shi ma. Saboda haka, ya hau kan tafiya don neman rashin mutuwa, wanda ke da ɗaci kuma babu wani farin ciki.

Kalmomi cike da iko

«Idan na fadi, da na sami daukaka.

Mutane za su ce: Gilgamesh ya faɗi
yaƙi da mummunan Humbaba! ...
Na kuduri aniyar shiga dajin itacen al'ul. "

Ba a sani ba, "The Epic of Gilgamesh."

Babban darajar wannan waka waka shine hakan zamani mai wuce yarda. Kuma ba wani abu bane da zan faɗa da sauƙi, da gaske yake yi. Yadda yake bi da dangantakar abota tsakanin Enkidu da Gilgamesh, wanda daga abokan hamayya suka zama kusan brothersan uwan ​​juna, ana iya gani a cikin labarai da yawa da sagas na fasaha da adabi na zamaninmu.

A gefe guda kuma, jigon lokacin, mutuwa, da wahalar da yake haifarwa ga mutum, kawai kafin mutuwar sa, batu ne da ya fi dacewa da labarin wanzuwar zamaninmu, fiye da na waka mai gestest a cikin 2.500 a. C. a cikin Mesofotamiya. Saboda waɗannan dalilan, da wasu da yawa, Ina bayar da shawarar sosai ga karanta Epic na Gilgamesh.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.