Alexander Pushkin. Ranar tunawa da haihuwarsa. Wakoki 7

Pushkin ta duel. Zane daga Adrian Volkov.

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin Tabbas shine mafi shahararren mashahuri kuma mai sha'awar mawaƙin Rasha, amma kuma ya kasance marubucin rubutu da marubuta. Kuma ranar ƙarshe 6 an riga an ƙidaya su Shekaru 239 daga haihuwarsa a cikin Moscow. Daga asalin aristocratic, ana ɗaukarsa da mahaifin adabin zamani na Rasha. Kuma ya kasance yana son Spain. A yau ina son sadaukar da wannan labarin ne saboda wakarsa daya, FursunaBaya ga kasancewa ɗaya daga cikin ƙaunatattu na, hakan kuma ya ba ni kwatankwacin ɗayan litattafai na. Don haka akwai abubuwan da na tuna da su tare da wasu mutane 6.

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin na dangi ne 'Yan kishin Rasha, amma ta cikin jijiyoyin sa jinin jinin shafi wanda ya yi wa Tsar Peter I Babban aiki. Kakarta da mai kula da ita, waɗanda ta fi so da gaske, sune suka koya mata kuma suka watsa ta sha'awar tatsuniyoyin mutanen Rasha da waƙoƙi. Ya kasance mai karatu sosai kuma bai yi jinkiri ya dauki kundin daga laburaren mahaifinsa ba, baya ga halartar tarukan adabin da ake gudanarwa a gidansa.

A sha biyu aka shigar dashi sabuwar halitta Imperial Lyceum (wanda daga baya ake kira Puskhin Lyceum), kuma a can ne ya gano waƙarsa ta waƙa. Malamansa sun ba shi kwarin gwiwar wallafa wakokinsa na farko kuma ya yi su a cikin mujallar Vestnik Evropy.

Waƙinsa a waɗancan shekarun ya fi yawa m fiye da akida, amma wasu daga cikin wakokin da ya rubuta kamar 'Yanci o Kauyen kama hankalin Sabis na sirri na Tsarist. Wannan ya sanya shi a cikin haske kuma an zarge shi da ayyukan ɓarna, tilasta shi tafi gudun hijira. Ya kasance a cikin Ukraine da Crimea. Wannan kwarewar ta nuna shi kuma ya bayyana a cikin manyan waƙoƙinsa kamar Kurkukun Caucasus o 'Yan uwan' yan fashi.

Aure da Hoton Natalia Goncharova, kuma saboda kare mutuncinsa, ya mutu yana da shekara 37 daga harbin bindiga a hannun wani sojan Faransa a cikin duel. Amma an riga an dauke shi mahaifin harshen adabin Rasha da wanda ya kafa adabin Rasha na zamani. Gwamnatin Rasha ta yanke shawarar yin jana’izar a asirce don kauce wa tarzoma da zanga-zangar siyasa daga masoyanta.

Ginin gini

Aikinsa ya ƙunshi cakuda hakikanin gaskiya, tarihi, soyayyar soyayya da raha kuma daga cikin muhimman takensa akwai Borís Godunov, Eugene Onegin, Poltava, Dawakan Tagulla, Yar kyaftin o Sarauniyar spades.

Su soyayya ga Spain ya fara ne lokacin da ya samo wahayinsa wallafe-wallafe na Zamanin Zinare Don Juan da Don Quixote. Kuma biyu daga cikin ayyukansa, wasan kwaikwayo Dutse bako da waka Talaka mutumin kirki, suna sha daga waɗancan hanyoyin.

7 zababbun wakoki

Ishirwa ta rusa marinka mai taushi

Ishirwa ta rusa marinka mai taushi,
kusancin ku wanda yake bugu ni
da konewa, harshen sha'awa mai dadi,
sha'awar wanda giya bata gamsar dashi.
Amma yanke tare da wannan labarin,
ɓoye, rufe burinka:
Wutar da take ƙonewa ina jin tsoro,
Ina tsoron sanin sirrinku.

Na dare zephyr

Na dare zephyr
ether yana gudana.
Bulle,
ya gudu
da Guadalquivir.

Wata na gwal ya fito
Shiru ...! Kai! ... guitar ga sautin.
Yarinyar Sifen cikin soyayya
Ya leko daga baranda.

Na dare zephyr
ether yana gudana.
Bulle,
ya gudu
da Guadalquivir.

Kashe, mala'ika, mantilla!
Abin da bayyana rana nuna kanka!
Ina rantsuwa da baƙin ƙarfe
koyar da allahntaka kafa!

Na dare zephyr
ether yana gudana.
Bulle,
ya gudu
da Guadalquivir.

Ya kasance a cikin mahaifarsa, a ƙarƙashin wannan shuɗin sama

Ya kasance a cikin mahaifarsa, a ƙarƙashin wannan shuɗin sama
ita, busasshiyar ta tashi ...
A ƙarshe ya mutu, numfashi ya kasance,
inuwar saurayi wanda babu wanda ya taɓa shi;
amma akwai layi tsakaninmu, rami ne mara kyau.
Na yi ƙoƙari, a banza, don faɗakar da jin daɗi na:
mutuwa ta ce lebe tare da la'antar duhu,
kuma, Na halarce ta ba ruwansu.
Wanda na ƙaunace shi da zuciya mai ƙarfi,
wanda na ba da ƙaunata a cikin shakka,
tare da rashin iyaka, tsananin bakin ciki,
tare da kalmar shahada, tare da hayyaci.
Me ya faru da ƙauna da baƙin ciki? Ay a cikin raina
ga butulci, inuwa mara kyau,
don tunawa da farin ciki na kwanakin ɓacewa,
Ba ni da hawaye, babu kiɗan da ya sa mata suna.

Fursuna

Ina bayan sanduna a cikin ɗaki mai laushi
Ya tashi a cikin bauta, ɗan gaggafa,
kamfanin na na bakin ciki, na ta fikafikan sa,
kusa da taga pitanza nasa itching.

Pike, ya jefa shi, ya kalli taga,
kamar yana tunani irin na.
Idanunsa suna kirana da kururuwarsa,
kuma don furta buƙatu: Bari mu tashi!

Ni da kai muna 'yanci kamar iska,' yar'uwa!
Mu gudu, lokaci yayi, yi fari tsakanin gajimare
dutsen da sojojin ruwa suna haskaka shuɗi,
inda muke tafiya kawai iska. ..kuma ni!

Na sadaukar da komai don ƙwaƙwalwar ku

Na sadaukar da komai don tunawa:
lafazin hurarrun mawaƙa,
Kukarin budurwa,
da rawar jiki na kishi. Na daukaka
Da haske, da zaman talala,
kyawun kyawawan tunanina
da fansa, mafarkin hadari
na zafin wahala.

Mai rairayi

Shin kun jefa muryar dare kusa da kurmi
na mawakin soyayya, na mawakin bakin cikin sa?
da safe, lokacin da filayen suka yi tsit
kuma Ubangiji bakin ciki ne da sauƙin sautuka,

Ba ku ji ba?

Shin kun sami cikin bakararren daji mai duhu
ga mawaƙin soyayya, ga mawaƙin baƙin cikin sa?
Shin kun lura da murmushi, alamun kukanta,
kallansa a hankali, cike da tashin hankali?

Shin, ba ku same shi ba?

Shin, ba ka yi ajiyar zuci ga sautin murya ba?
na mawakin soyayya, na mawakin bakin cikin sa?
Lokacin da kuka ga saurayin a tsakiyar dazuzzuka,
lokacin da yake tsaka da kallonsa tare da naka,

Shin baku huci ba?

Na ƙaunace ta

Na ƙaunace ta,
da kuma cewa soyayya watakila,
yana cikin raina har yanzu, ya ƙone kirji na.
Amma ka kara rikice mata, bana so.
Kada wannan ƙaunata ta kawo muku ciwo.
Na ƙaunace ta. Ba tare da bege ba, tare da hauka.
Ba shi da murya, ta hanyar kishi ya cinye;
Na ƙaunace ta, ba tare da yaudara ba, tare da taushi,
har ina fatan Allah yana so,
da kuma cewa wani, soyayya tana da shi kamar nawa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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