A duk duniya cikin marubuta 10

A duk duniya cikin marubuta 10

Adabi na duniya ne gaba daya, kuma kamar yadda kowace al'ada da marubuta a duniya sun ba da kai bori ya hau ga nasu hangen nesa wanda ya haifar da haihuwar babban aiki. Hakikanin sihiri na Latin Amurka, ilimin Jafananci na Jafananci ko nihilism na Faransa shine wasu daga cikin gidajen yarin da suka samar da wannan a duk duniya cikin marubuta 10.

Haruki Murakami

Haruki Murakami

Yayinda yake yaro, an ga Murakami jan hankali ga al'adun yammaKasancewar jazz da ya saurara a lokacin samartakarsa, matakan ƙasashen duniya waɗanda ya haɗu da ƙasarsu ta Japan ko kuma tsananin jin daɗin ayyukansa suna maimaitawa a cikin litattafansa. Bayan nasarar littafin nasa Tokyo shuɗi, Murakami ya koma Turai don ci gaba da ba da rai ga littafin tarihin wanda ya kunshi taken kamar Kafka a gabar teku o 1Q84 mai tabbatar da yanayin su kamar marubucin Japan mafi tasiri a duniya da kuma, dan takarar madawwamin lambar yabo ta Nobel hakan koyaushe yana adawa dashi.

Salman Rushdie

Salman Rushdie

Mai cike da farin ciki adabin Indiya Ya san siffofin da yawa: daga almara mai ban mamaki na Ramayana zuwa waƙoƙin Tagore, suna wucewa ta ƙarni na marubuta waɗanda suka sami damar canja sihirin sihiri na ƙasar curry zuwa matsalolin duniya. Ofaya daga cikin waɗannan marubutan babu shakka Salman Rushdie, wanda ya san yadda ake sakar hanya tsakanin Turai da Asiya inda haƙiƙa sihiri da suka suke tare koyaushe a cikin littattafansa. Sukar da cewa, a game da Ayoyin Shaidan, daya daga cikin manyan ayyukansa, shi ne la'antar da masu kishin Iran suka tsananta masa wadanda ba sa son hangen nesan Rushdie na jagoran ruhaniyarsu a shekarun 80s, sakamakon da shugabansa ya nema har yanzu yana nan yana aiki.

Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky

Adored ta Friedrich Nietzsche, wanda a lokacin ya zo ya ce game da shi cewa "ɗayan haɗarin haɗari ne a rayuwarsa", Dostoevsky yana ɗaya daga cikin fitattun marubutan Tsarist Russia, sararin da ya bincika ta hanyar ayyukansa daga yanayin siyasa ko Zamantakewa . Kodayake ya yi karatun injiniya, amma sha'awar adabin zai zo ne bayan kammala karatunsa, wanda hakan ya haifar da wani littafi wanda shahararren aikinsa ya yi fice, Laifi da Hukunci, ode ga talauci da sha'awar cin nasara a cikin ƙaton gwarzon Rasha wanda har yau ya kasance ɗayan ƙasashe mafiya daidaito a duniya.

Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens

A Ingila ta Victoria, Dickens ya zama ɗayan marubutan adabi na duniya baki daya. Marubucin wanda aikinsa na farko ya fara ne ta hanyar buga shi a hankali a cikin mujallu daban-daban, wanda hakan ya haifar da kyakkyawan fata daga ɓangaren wasu masu karatu waɗanda ba su da isassun kuɗin siyan littattafai. Bugun farawa ya ba da takaddun Posthumous na Pickwick Club a 1837, sannan sauran ayyukan da suka rigaya suka gabata kamar su Oliver karkatarwa o David Copperfield, waɗanda aka daidaita su zuwa fim da kuma wasan kwaikwayo a lokuta da yawa.

Albert Camus

Albert Camus

An haife shi cikin dangin Faransawa mazauna Aljeriya, Albert Camus, mahaifin wanzuwar rayuwa wanda zargi ya danganta shi a duk rayuwarsa, ya san babu wani ɗan kishin ƙasa da zai ba da labarin matsalolin ƙarni na ashirin ta hanyar labarai kamar Kasashen waje o Annoba. Litattafan da Camus ke ambatonsu akai-akai game da jahilcin ɗan adam game da kansa da kuma duniyar da ke kewaye da shi, yana mai nuna alamar keɓewa da ke da alaƙa da lokacin canjin canji da juyin halitta. Aikin da marubucin ya ga an ba shi lada tare da Kyautar Nobel da aka ba shi a 1957.

Miguel Delibes hoton mai sanya wuri

Miguel Delibes hoton mai sanya wuri

Memba na Real Academia Españaola Har zuwa rasuwarsa a 2010, Miguel Delibes yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan marubutan Spain bayan yaƙi, yana mai barin shaidar al'umma a cikin canji na koyaushe. Juyin Halitta wanda ke ɗaukar hoto a cikin litattafai kamar Inuwar cypress tana da tsayi (Kyautar Nadal a 1947) ko Awanni biyar tare da Mario, Magana guda ɗaya na mace kusa da gadon mijinta da ya mutu kwanan nan wanda ya zama sanarwar niyya game da gaskiyar lokaci. Ba tare da wata shakka ba, ɗayan manyan marubutan ƙasarmu.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Hotuna: TedTalk

Kodayake duniyar adabi ba ta fahimci mata marubuta ba sai da jimawa, amma a Afirka lamarin ya fi kamari. A wata nahiya wacce powersan ƙarni da yawa suka nuna adawa da bayyana ma'anar wata al'ada, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie ta fito da muryar da duniya ke buƙata saboda kwazonta na yin magana game da Diasporaasashen Afirka, kuma musamman musamman daga kasarsa ta haihuwa Najeriya, ta hanyar labaran mata da bakin haure m. Amerikaanah, Fure mai shunayya ko tarin labarai Wani abu a wuyan ku wadannan sune wasu daga cikin misalan tasirin da Adichie tayi a duniya a cikin yan shekarun nan.

Gabriel García Márquez

Gabriel García Márquez

A shekarar 1967, an kirkiro daftarin wani labari Shekaru dari na loneliness ya zo daga Mexico zuwa Argentina ba tare da marubucinsa ya iya hango tasirin littafin ba bayan fitowar shi. X-ray na wani yankin Latin Amurka wanda Gabo ya kamo ta wannan garin na Kolombiya na Macondo da Buendía saga. Shekaru ɗari na zaman kadaici ba kawai ya zama tutar wanda aka sani da suna «ba.Latin Amurka albarku«, Amma zai tabbatar da matsayin García Márquez a matsayin ɗayan marubuta masu tasiri na lokacinsa.

Julio Cortazar

Julio Cortázar, marubucin Hopscotch

Haɗa tsakanin 'yan bangar adabin Latin Amurka da Turai, Cortázar na Ajantina ya zama ƙaramar fuskar wadatar Latin Amurka. Marubuci ba tare da cire kalmomi ba wanda ya san yadda zai sake inganta kansa kamar wasu kaɗan ta hanyar ba duniya aikin da ake kira Rayuela hakan zai canza duniyar adabi har abada.

Harper Lee

Harper-Lee

'Yan littattafai kaɗan ne masu iko kamar haka Kashe Tsuntsun Mocking, wani labari da marubuci Harper Lee ya rubuta cewa bayan wallafa shi a 1960 ya kasance halin ɗabi'a ga ƙasar Amurka inda machismo ko wariyar launin fata sun kasance ba a ɓoye ba. Marubuciya wacce ta san yadda ake bayyana asalin al'ummar Yankee ta hanyar gogewarta da halayenta waɗanda ke wakiltar kayan tarihin rayuwar jama'a a cikin duniyar da babu daidaito. Rasuwa a shekarar 2016, marubuciyar ta yi wasici da rubuce-rubucen farko na shahararren littafinta, Tafi ka aika mai aikawa, mai tabbatar da girman dukkan aikinsa.


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