Terenci moix

Terence Moix.

Terence Moix.

Terenci Moix shine sunan karya wanda a karkashinsa aka san shahararren marubucin nan kuma marubuci dan asalin kasar Sipaniya Ramón Moix Meseguer (Janairu 05, 1946 - Afrilu 02, 2003). Ayyukansa na ban mamaki a cikin adabin Castilian na zamani ya kasance ne saboda sassaucin ra'ayi don magance batutuwa daban-daban tare da salo daban-daban da nau'ikan adabi.

Baya ga fitaccen marubuci, ya kuma kasance yana aikin talabijin da kuma wani muhimmin matsayi a matsayin mai kare hakkin 'yan luwadi da madigo. A halin yanzu, akwai manyan kyaututtukan wallafe-wallafe biyu da aka kafa don girmama shi saboda kasancewarsu mahimmin yanki a cikin kundin tsarin mulkin adabin luwadi a Spain.

Bayanin rayuwa

Yara da shekarun farko

An haifi Terenci Moix, wanda sunan sa na farko Ramón Moix Meseguer, an haife shi ne a 5 ga Janairun 1946 a Barcelona, ​​Spain. Ta girma tare da ƙanwarta Ana María Moix - wanda daga baya sanannen mawaƙin Sifen ne, mai fassara da edita - a cikin dangi a cikin unguwar Raval ta Barcelona.

Ta hanyar hira da jaridar El País A ranar 14 ga Fabrairu, 2002, ya yi sharhi game da karatunsa kamar haka: “Na yi karatu a Piarists, wannan… tare da firistoci! Ya kasance dalibi mai ban tsoro, amma mai ban dariya ”. Amma duk da alherinsa, Moix ya share yawancin samartakarsa cikin kaɗaici.

Kadaici wanda kawai ya sami damar ragewa tare da nuna sha'awarsa ga silima. A ƙarshen matakin ilimi tare da ƙungiyar cocin, ya ci gaba da kammala karatunsa na ilimi. Ya karanci kasuwanci, wasan kwaikwayo, ya dauki darasi a cikin gajeren zango da zane-zane. Ayyade ta wannan hanyar, yanayin rayuwar sa da aikin sa na ƙwarewa.

Terenci Moix: halayya da yawa

Kafin ya fara a duniyar adabi kuma saboda dimbin tsarin karatun sa, Ramón Moix Meseguer yayi aiki a wurare daban daban. Ya zo ya rike mukaminsa a matsayin ma'aikacin gudanarwa, a fagen sayar da littattafai sannan kuma ya kasance mai ba da shawara kan adabi. Ya kuma hada hannu a cikin mujallu da jaridu kamar, misali, Sabbin Firayi, Tele-Express, Hanya, Tele-Estel ko El País.

Duk da haka, Hazakarsa da kuma azamar da yake da ita ya jagoranci shi shekaru da yawa don gano yanayinsa a matsayin marubucin Catalan, marubucin wasan kwaikwayo da ƙarshe mai fassara da mai ba da labari. A lokacin 1988 da 1989 Terenci Moix ya yi tsalle zuwa ƙananan allo na duk Spain, a matsayin mai gabatar da talabijin.

Shirye-shirye kamar Terenci a la fresco o Starsarin taurari fiye da na sama - Shirye-shiryen tattaunawa don mutanen Hollywood - waɗanda aka watsa a tashar 1 ta TVE, sun sanya shi sanannen sanannen talabijin.

Misira: ƙaunatacciyar ƙauna

Babban sha'awar Moix koyaushe fina-finai ne da tafiye-tafiye. A cikin 1962 yayi tafiya zuwa Paris kuma a ƙarshen shekarun sittin, ya riga ya san yawancin ɓangarorin Turai da Misira. Yankuna, tarihi da al'adun wannan makoma ta ƙarshe sun kasance ɗayan manyan muses. Ya nuna wannan a lokuta da yawa a cikin ayyuka kamar: Kar a ce shi mafarki ne (1986) y Raunin na sphinx (1991).

Terenci ya sami sha'awar wayewar Masar tun daga yarinta, lokacin da ta hanyar silima ya sami damar fahimtar hotunan tsohuwar Masar. Waɗannan shimfidar wurare tare da tarihi sun ba shi sha'awar gaske, wanda ya faɗi ta hanyar ayyukan adabinsa.

Wannan shi ne ibadarsa ga wannan al'umma, cewa da aka nema a matsayin wasiyya ta karshe kafin barin jirgin saman duniya watsewar wani bangare na tokarsa a bakin garin Alexandria. Burinsa ya girmama kuma ya cika bayan mutuwarsa. Bayan haka, duk gadon adabin nasa yana nan a laburaren wannan birni mai dimbin tarihi.

Bayyana ta Terenci Moix.

Bayyana ta Terenci Moix.

Tushen luwadi

Ba wai kawai salon wasan kwaikwayo da wayewar Masar ba ne sa hannun ɗan littafin. Aikinsa kuma ya ta'allaka ne da jigo na uku: luwadi da madigo. Moix bai taba tunanin rabuwa da jama'a ba da rayuwarsa ta sirri, su biyun sun tafi kafada da kafada. Saboda wannan dalili, koyaushe ya kasance memba na ƙungiyar gay.

Rayuwarsa ta soyayya ta kasance a bayyane ga jama'a, har ya zama mai kare tattaunawar zamantakewa da ke da alaka da jima'i, haka kuma ya kasance yana adawa da ƙungiyoyin da ya ɗauka na ɗan kishili. Ta yi soyayya da ɗan wasan Sifen Enric Majo, wanda ta ƙare bayan shekaru 14.

Binciken ayyukansa

Kamar kowane marubuci, Moix ya bi hanyoyi daban-daban a duk rayuwarsa. Yayinda yake samun kwarewar kansa, aikinsa ya haɓaka kuma ya ɗauki sabbin hanyoyi. Koyaya, babu shakka hakan salon adabin marubucin nan yafi nuna sha'awar al'adu da tarihi.

Garuruwa irin su Mexico, Italia, Egypt ko Girka sun baiwa wannan marubucin kwarin gwiwar kirkirar kundin adabi kan tafiye-tafiye. Hakanan, saitin taken inda tarihin Greco-Roman da tsohuwar Misira suka fi nasara.

A matsayin dan Spain na gaske, an ba shi dama cikin ayyukansa don kiyaye al'adun Catalan, lokacin Franco, jima'i da ilimin addini, hadawa a cikinsu dukiyar Catalan da Spanish. Tabbas, wannan cakuda harsunan sun sanya shi a matsayin mafi ɗayan marubuta a cikin adabin Mutanen Espanya.

Ray Sorel da farkon aiki

Kamar Terenci Moix, Ray Sorel shine sunan barkwanci na samari wanda ya kira kansa Moix Meseguer. Zuwa 1963, kuma yana ɗan shekara goma sha bakwai kawai, rubutun 'yan sanda ya burge Sorel sosai. A saboda wannan dalili, a cikin wannan shekarar ya buga abin da zai zama ayyukansa biyu na farko a cikin littafin labarin aikata laifi: Zan sumbaci gawarka y Sun kashe farin gashi.

Shekaru goma tsakanin 60 zuwa 70's

Bayan wallafe-wallafensa a cikin 1963, Moix ya ci nasara da labarin harshen Sifen tare da wadannan taken da aka rubuta cikin Catalan: Hasumiyar manyan ayyuka (1968), Waves a kan dutsen hamada (1969), Ranar da Marilyn ta mutu (1970), Tafiya zuwa Masar (1970), Duniya maza (1971) y Lamirin da bai halitta ba na tseren (1976).

Wannan zamanin wani nau'i ne na farawa a matsayin marubuci mai daraja a masana'antar adabi. Daga can, ta fara amfani da sunan karya wanda aka fi saninta da shi: Terenci Moix. Ananan kaɗan ayyukansa sun fi karkata ga tarihi da al'adun mutanen zamanin da.

80's: zamanin Misira

Zamanin 80 ya inganta Terenci Moix a cikin fitattun marubuta a Spain. Ya kuma zama sananne saboda kasancewa ɗaya daga cikin farkon wanda ya rubuta a sarari game da luwaɗi a cikin irin wannan mawuyacin lokaci ga ƙungiyar 'yan luwaɗan. Zuwa 1982 ya ƙare Budurwar mu ta shahidai, wani aiki da aka fara rubutawa cikin yaren Spanish. A 1983 ya buga Terenci na Nilu, sannan, a cikin 1984, ya rubuta Soyayya, Alfred!

Amma bai kasance ba sai 1986 da wani aiki ya kira Kar a ce shi mafarki ne, ya ba shi suna a duk cikin jama'ar Sifen. Ya ƙare shekaru tamanin ta hanyar buga taken Mafarkin Alexandria (1988).

90s: hits da trilogies

Don rufewa tare da bunƙasa halin yanzu na ƙananan abubuwan littafin tarihi, Moix ya buga wadannan taken: Raunin sphinx (1991), Venus bonaparte (1994) y Kyautan daci na kyau (1996). A lokacin 90's shima ya rubuta Jima'i na mala'iku (1992), aikin da ya haifar da daɗaɗawa tsakanin jama'a masu karatu kuma wanda ya sami lambobin yabo da yawa.

Terenci ya fara kuma ya ƙare 90s tare da manyan abubuwan kirkirar adabi. Ana iya cewa lokaci ne da marubuci ya fi ba da amfaniTo, bai daina sakin littattafai kowace shekara ba. A daidai lokacin da ya buga, ya kuma ƙirƙira wasu ayyukan, kamar su uku nasa uku: Bambaro nauyi y Esperpentos na Spain a ƙarshen karni.

Jima'i na mala'iku.

Jima'i na mala'iku.

Na farko aiki ne na kashin kai inda Moix cikin raha ya ba da labarin yarintarsa ​​a cikin matakai uku: Cinema a ranar Asabar (1990), Sumbatar Peter Pan (1993) y Baƙo a aljanna (1998). Na biyu shine labarin labaran game da zamantakewar Mutanen Espanya, inda aka hada sarcasm da ra'ayin marubucin. Ya ƙunshi sunayen sarauta masu zuwa: Atrascan farata (1991), Mata sosai (1995) y Cool kuma sananne (2000).

Sabuwar karni, aikin karshe da mutuwarsa

Da zuwan sabon karni, shahararren marubucin ya bayyana abin da zai zama aikin adabinsa na ƙarshe da aka rubuta yayin da yake raye: Makaho garaya (2002). Daga nan ne ya fara yin gwagwarmaya kan sauyin yanayin lafiyarsa. Moix, mai shan sigari mai sarkar tsawon shekaru 40, ya kamu da cutar ta huhu.

Wannan yanayin, daga baya, a ranar 2 ga Afrilu, 2003, ya yi sanadiyar mutuwarsa. Ya bar jirgin sama na duniya a gida tare da matansa guda biyu: 'yar'uwarsa Ana María Moix da sakatarensa kuma amininsa Inés González.

Vean rubutu mai rubutu

Terenci Moix ya kuma ji daɗin rubutun rubutun daga mutum na farko. Baya ga ayyukan labari, wannan nau'ikan ya zama silar da ya bar kansa ya kwarara kuma ya raba wata babbar sha'awarsa: sinima. Tun daga farkonsa har zuwa kwanakinsa na ƙarshe, yana da alaƙa da wannan nau'in samar da adabi. A zahiri, lakabi na ƙarshe da ya rubuta akan gadon mutuwarsa kuma daga baya ya zama aikinsa bayan rasuwarsa, Rashin mutuwa, 60s (2003), wata makala ce wacce take cikin jerin ayyukan - 20, 30 da 40 - akan marubutan Hollywood na lokacin.

Cikakken jerin littattafansa

Mai ba da labari

  • Zan sumbaci gawarka. (1965).
  • Rikicin. (1965).
  • Sun kashe farin gashi. (1965).
  • Hasumiyar manyan ayyuka. (1968).
  • Waves a kan dutsen da ba kowa. (1969).
  • Ranar da Marilyn ta mutu. (1970)
  • Duniya maza. (1971).
  • - Melodrama, o, Lamirin da bai halitta ba na tseren. (1972).
  • Caiguda de l'imperi sodomita na sake canza tarihin tarihin herètiques, (1976).
  • Sadistic, grotesque har ma da ilimin lissafi. (1976).
  • Lilí Barcelona i altres transvestites: tots els contes, (1978).
  • Takalma els cones, labarai. (1979).
  • Budurwar mu ta shahidai. (1983).
  • Soyayya, Alfred! o stardust. (1984).
  • Kar a ce shi mafarki ne. (1986).
  • Mafarkin Alexandria. (1988).
  • Nauyin bambaro. Cinema a ranar Asabar. (Plaza & Janés, 1990).
  • Raunin sphinx. (1991).
  • Astrakhan fika. (1991).
  • Jima'i na mala'iku. (1992).
  • Nauyin bambaro. Peter sumba. (1993).
  • Sigh of Spain. (1993).
  • Venus Bonaparte. (1994).
  • Mata sosai. (1995).
  • Mayarus Byron. (1995).
  • Kyautan daci na kyau. (1996).
  • Nauyin bambaro. Baƙo a aljanna. (1998).
  • Cool kuma sananne. (1999).
  • Aljanin. (1999).
  • Makaho garaya. (2002).

    Budurwar mu ta shahidai.

    Budurwar mu ta shahidai.

Gwaji

  • Gabatarwa game da tarihin silima. (Bruguera, 1967).
  • Qaddamarwa zuwa tarihin silima.
  • Comics, kayan masarufi da siffofin pop. (Libres na Sinera, 1968).
  • Bacin rai irin na yarinta. (1970).
  • Tarihin Italiyanci. (Seix Barral, 1971).
  • Terenci na Kogin Nilu. (Plaza & Janés, 1983).
  • Tafiya uku na soyayya (Girka-Tunisia-Mexico). (Plaza & Janés, 1987).
  • My silima na cinema. Hollywood, 30s. (Planet, 1996).
  • My silima na cinema. Hollywood, 40s. (Planet, 1998).
  • My silima na cinema. Hollywood, 50s. (Planet, 2001).
  • My silima na cinema. Hollywood, 60s. (Planet, 2003).

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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