Tarihin rayuwa da ayyukan César Vallejo

Hoton marubuci César Vallejo.

Cesar Vallejo.

César Vallejo (1892-1938) ɗan Peruvian ne, marubuci, marubucin ɗan gajeren labari, kuma mawaƙi. Ya kasance sananne don samun shahararren shahara a cikin kowane nau'in ilimin adabi. Aikinsa na zamani ya bar tarihi, da tarin wakoki Masu shelar baki shi ne babu shakka hujja da shi

A gaba-garde shima sananne ne a cikin Ayyukan waka na Vallejo. Yadda yake sarrafa harshe, ban da dumbin arzikinsa lokacin rubutu, ya ba shi dama a tsakanin marubutan lokacin. Tungsten Yana ɗayan mafi yawan wakilan wakilcinsa.

Tarihin Rayuwa

Haihuwa da dangi

Santiago de Chuco ya ga an haifi mawaƙin. Ya zo duniya ne a ranar 16 ga Maris, a 1892. Iyalinsa Meztizo ne, ’yan asalin ƙasar da Sifen. Ana sarrafa yanayinsa tsakanin al'adun gargajiya masu zurfin gaske, kuma aiki na gaskiya shine misalin yau da gobe. Francisco de Paula Vallejo Benítez shine mahaifinsa, babban mutum ne mai mahimmanci a cikin tarbiyyarsa. Mahaifiyarsa ita ce María de los Santos Mendoza, wacce ta yi ƙoƙari ta yi masa jagora ta hanyar ɗariƙar Katolika. Marubucin yana da ‘yan’uwa 10, shi ne ƙarami.

Ilimin Vallejo

Cibiyar Makaranta ta 271 na Santiago de Chuco ita ce wurin da Vallejo ya fara samun horo. A lokacin, an yi tunanin cewa yaron zai zama firist. A cikin 1905, César ya shiga Colegio Nacional San Nicolás a Huamachuco. A can ya halarci karatu har zuwa 1909.

Duk da nacewar da dangin suka yi cewa Vallejo ya kasance mai addini, yana ɗan shekara 18 ya shiga Jami'ar Kasa ta Trujillo. A can ya fara karatun wasiku. Koyaya, rashin samun kudin shiga a cikin gidansa ya rikitar da abubuwa, don haka dole marubuci ya dakatar da karatunsa. Bayan wannan tuntuɓe, César ya yanke shawarar gwada karatun likitanci. Duk da haka, a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci ya daina. Duk da mummunan maganganu, mawaƙin ya sami nasarar komawa aikin wasiƙu, kuma a cikin 1915 ya sami digiri.

Matasa a Trujillo

Matakin da César Vallejo ya rayu a Trujillo cike yake da ƙwarewa, shiga cikin Groupungiyar Arewa, wanda matasa masu fasaha da masu hankali suka kasance. Bugu da kari, an ba shi damar tallata wasu ayoyinsa a kafafen yada labarai na cikin gida; kuma lokaci ne na soyayya.

A cikin 1917 ya kamu da son Madalla da Zoila Rosa Cuadra, yarinya yar shekara goma sha biyar. Amma ɗan gajeren lokacin dangantakar ta ɓata masa rai kuma ya kusan kashe kansa. Koyaya, abokansa sun kasance cikin haske cikin duhu saboda sun shawo kansa ya tafi babban birnin Peru don yin digirin digirgir.

Art game da César Vallejo.

Hoton César Vallejo.

Rayuwa a Lima

Vallejo ya isa babban birnin Peru ne a ƙarshen 1917. Ya kasance Disamba 30, daidai. Da zaran ya iso, ya fara hulɗa da gatan marubuta. Manuel González Prada da Abraham Valdelomar sun kasance abokan haɗin gwiwa na tattaunawa a Lima da rana. A wancan lokacin, mujallar Kudancin Amurka ya zama waƙoƙi a matsayin sarari don yawancin haɗin gwiwar waƙinsa.

Ba a yi watanni uku ba lokacin da Vallejo ya fara koyarwa. A cikin waɗancan shekarun yana da kyakkyawar alaƙa da yarinyar Otilia Villanueva, wanda hakan ya sa ya rasa aikinsa a makarantar ilimi. Daga baya, Ya fara aiki a matsayin malamin nahawu a Makarantar Kasa ta Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe.

Aikinsa na farko

A cikin 1919 Vallejo ya buga aikinsa na farko, Masu shelar baki. Tarin waƙoƙin sun tsaya tsayin daka don ƙimar darajar waƙoƙin. Wannan littafin yana da fasali na zamani kuma yayi ma'amala dashi maimaita jigogi na Vallejo, mai alaƙa da wahalar ɗan adam. Da wannan taken ya shiga cikin adabin Latin Amurka; shekara mai zuwa ya yi tafiya zuwa mahaifarsa.

Ba daidai ba daure

Lokacin da nake Santiago de Chuco, An zargi César Vallejo da rashin gaskiya da shiga cikin kona gidan wani dan kasuwa a cikin garin. Don haka ya kwashe kusan wata huɗu a kurkukun Trujillo. Wannan masifa ba tarnaki ga mawaƙi ya daina rubutu ba. Hasali ma, har ya lashe gasar adabi.

Kodayake ba a rufe shari'ar ba, wani lokaci daga baya ya sami damar barin wasu yanayi kuma ya koma babban birnin kasar. A can ya buga, a cikin 1922, Trilce, tarin wakoki wadanda suka sabunta waka wanda aka sani a wancan lokacin. Shekarar da ta gabata saitin labaran ya bayyana Matakan da aka sassaka.

Hoton César Vallejo, hagu, a II International Congress of Writers for the Defense of Al'adu; Spain, 1937.

César Vallejo, hagu, a Babban Taron marubuta na II na Duniya don Kare Al'adu; Spain, 1937. Idan kuka tsuguna kuna iya ganin Pablo Neruda.

Rayuwa a Faris da mutuwa

Vallejo ya tafi zama a Paris a cikin 1923 don neman sababbin ƙwarewa, A can ya yi aiki a kafofin watsa labarai na Latin Amurka da dama kuma ya hadu da abokin rayuwarsa Georgette Philippart. Ya ci gaba da sadaukarwa ga rubutu, na waɗancan shekarun yana Tungsten.

Marubucin ya fara jin rashin lafiya a cikin Maris 1938, don haka aka kwantar da shi a asibiti. Amma ya kasa murmurewa kuma ya mutu a ranar 15 ga Afrilu, 1938 na zazzabin cizon sauro, yana da shekara arba'in da shida; gawarsa ta saura a makabartar Montparnasse da ke Paris.

Gina

- Bakar busharar (1919).

- Trilce (1922).

- Labarin daji (1923).

- Zuwa ga masarautar Sciris (1944). An rubuta shi tsakanin 1924 da 1928.

- Rasha kafin shiri na biyu na shekaru biyar (1931).

- Tungsten (1931).

- Colacho, 'yan'uwa ko shugabannin Amurka (1934).

- Dutse mai gajiya (1937).

- Paco Yunque (Buga bayan mutuwa, 1951). An rubuta a cikin 1931.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Yuli m

    WAYE YA RUBUTA WANNAN LABARIN, MENE NE RANA

    1.    Miko m

      babu ra'ayin crack xd

  2.   kayan aiki m

    a wace rana ce aka yi wannan?

  3.   Liliana m

    wanda ya rubuta wannan labarin, kwanan wata da shekara don Allah

  4.   ANA m

    Yayi kyau sosai ko gaskiya, Ina buƙatar ranar buga wannan labarin pliis.

  5.   Cabrera. H m

    bayanan wannan littafin na wannan mujalla:

    Marubuci: Juan Ortiz.
    An buga 28/07/2019 17:12.

    Wataƙila wannan bayanin zai zama da amfani a gare ku da kuma a gare ni. >:v

  6.   anthony m

    Sannu, a ina zan iya ganin kwanan wata?