Sunan fure

Sunan fure

Sunan fure

Sunan fure (1980) shine aikin da ya jagoranci Italia Umberto Eco don ya ɗanɗana honeys na nasarar adabi. Kuma ba don ƙasa ba, a yau, wannan aikin ya sayar da kofi sama da miliyan 50. Littafin labari ne na tarihi mai zurfin zurfin asiri wanda makircin sa ya ta'allaka ne akan binciken wasu laifuffuka masu rikitarwa da suka faru a karni na sha huɗu a gidan sufi na ƙasar Italiya.

Jim kadan bayan an sake shi ga jama'a, rubutu ya karbi lambobin yabo guda biyu: kyautar Mayya (1981) da kuma Medici Alien (1982). Bayan shekaru biyar - kuma tasirin tasirin aikin ya motsa shi - Eco ya buga: Apostille zuwa Sunan fure (1985). Tare da wannan aikin, marubucin ya nemi amsa wasu tambayoyin da aka yi a cikin littafinsa, amma ba tare da bayyana enigmas ɗin da ke ciki ba.

Takaitawa game da Sunan fure

A lokacin hunturu na 1327, Franciscan Guillermo de Baskerville yayi tafiya tare almajirinsa Melk's adso don gudanar da majalisa. Makoma: wani gidan ibada na Benedictine a arewacin Italiya. Bayan isowarsu, suna shirya taron tare da sufaye da wakilan Paparoma John XXII. Manufa: tattauna batun cin hanci da rashawa (bidi'a) wanda ke lalata alƙawarin manzanni na talauci da kuma cewa - da alama - ƙungiya daga Franciscans ce ke jagorantar su.

Taron ya zama mai nasara, amma yanayi ya rufe ta kwatsam da mutuwar ban mamaki na mai zane Adelmo da Otranto. An tsinci gawar mutumin a kasan dakin karatun abbey - wani dadi na kwandunan littattafai cike da littattafai - bayan fadowa daga saman Aedificium Octagon. Bayan gaskiyar ta taso, Kashi —Abad na haikalin— ya nemi Guillermo ya bincika game da shi, tunda zargin cewa kisan kai ne.

Tambayoyin sun kwashe kwanaki bakwai. A wannan lokacin, ƙarin ruhubanawa sun ba da alama sun mutu, duk a cikin yanayi guda: tare da yatsunsu da harsunansu suna da launi a cikin tawadar baƙin. A bayyane yake, mutuwar tana da alaƙa da littafin Aristotle wanda da gangan aka sanya guba a shafukansa. Yayin bincikensa, Guillermo ba zai gamu da enigmas ba kawai, amma kuma zai hadu da muguwar dabi'a, wanda aka tsara shi daidai da mayafin tsufa da hikima a cikin hoton makaho malami Jorge de Burgos.

Analysis of Sunan fure

Estructura

Sunan fure labari ne mai ban mamaki na tarihi wanda ya faru a shekara ta 1327. Makircin yana faruwa ne a cikin gidan bautar Benedictine da ke arewacin Italiya. Labarin ya bayyana sama da surori 7da kuma kowane ɗayan waɗannan rana ce tsakanin binciken Guillermo da Adso novice. Latterarshen, ta hanyar, shine wanda ke ba da labarin ci gaban almara a cikin mutumin farko.

Personajes sarakuna

William na Baskerville

Daga asalin Ingilishi, shi ɗan faransa ne na Franciscan wanda ya taɓa yin aiki a matsayin firist na kotun Inquisition. Shi kwararre ne, mai lura kuma mai hankali, tare da dabarun bincike. Zai kasance mai kula da warware asirai da mutuwar kwatsam na sufaye a cikin abbey.

Sunanta ya fito ne daga Guillermo de Ockham, wani mutum mai tarihi wanda Eco yayi tunanin sanya shi a matsayin wanda zai fara aiki tun daga farko. Duk da haka, Yawancin masu sukar ra'ayi suna da'awar cewa wani ɓangare na halin binciken Baskerville ya samo asali ne daga fitaccen mai suna Sherlock Holmes.

Adk na Melk

Na asali masu daraja - ɗan Baron de Melk -, shine mai bada labarin. Da umurnin mutãnensa. An sanya William de Baskerville a umarnin, a matsayin marubuci kuma almajiri. Sakamakon haka, ya kuma haɗa kai yayin binciken. Yayin ci gaba da makircin, ya ba da labarin wani ɓangare na abubuwan da ya samu a matsayin sabon Benedictine da abin da ya samu a cikin tafiye-tafiyensa tare da Guillermo de Baskerville.

George na Burgos

Tsohon dattijo ne asalin asalin Sifen wanda kasancewar sa yana da mahimmanci a ci gaban makircin.. Daga aikinsa na jiki, Eco ya haskaka launin fatarsa ​​da makantarsa. Game da rawar da yake takawa, halayyar tana tayar da jijiyoyin rikice-rikice a cikin sauran mazaunan gidan sufi: sha'awa da tsoro.

Kodayake tsohon ya rasa idanunsa kuma ba shi ke kula da laburaren ba, an san wurarensa inci inci, kuma kalmarsa tana nuna godiya da la'akari da annabci da sauran sufaye. Don ƙirƙirar wannan mai adawa, marubucin ya sami wahayi ne daga sanannen marubucin Jorge Luis Borges.

'Yan wasan kwaikwayo na tarihi

Idan ya zo ga labarin almara, ana iya samun haruffa da yawa na gaske a cikin mãkirci, wa yafi sun kasance a bangaren addini. Daga cikinsu akwai: Bertrando del Poggetto, Ubertino da Casale, Bernardo Gui da Adelmo da Otranto.

Gyaran labari

Shekaru shida bayan nasarar littafin, An kawo wannan zuwa babban allon ta hanyar darekta Jean-Jacques Annaud. Shahararrun 'yan wasan kwaikwayon Sean Connery - kamar Friar Guillermo - da Christian Slater - kamar Adso suka gudanar da fim ɗin.

Kamar littafin, fim din ya sami kyakkyawar karbuwa daga jama'a; bugu da kari, ta samu kyaututtuka 17 a wasannin kasa da kasa. Koyaya, bayan fitowar sa, masu suka da kafafen yada labarai na kasar Italia sunyi maganganu masu karfi game da fim din, saboda suna ganin bai dace da littafin da aka yaba ba.

A cikin 2019, an fito da jerin sassa takwas da suka sami nasarar cikin nasara kwatankwacin labari da fim din. Giaddamarwa ce ta Italiyanci da Jamusanci wacce Giacomo Battiato ya yi; An rarraba shi a cikin fiye da ƙasashe 130 kuma ya sami babban sananne a cikin Italiya.

Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa

Marubucin ya kafa labarin ne a kan Rubutun Dom Adson de Melk, littafin da ya karba a 1968. An samo wannan rubutun a gidan sufi na Melk (Austria) kuma mahaliccin sa ya sanya hannu kamar haka: “Abbe Vallet”. Wannan ya hada da 'yan shaidar tarihi na lokacin. Bugu da kari, duk wanda ya rubuta shi ya yi ikirarin cewa shi ainihin kwafin takardar da aka samo a karni na XNUMX a Melk Abbey.

Game da marubucin, Umberto Eco

A ranar Talata, 5 ga Janairu, 1932, garin Alessandria na ƙasar Italiya ya ga haihuwar Umberto Bisio. Shi ɗa ne na Giulio Eco - akawu - da Giovanna Bisio. Bayan fara yakin duniya na biyu, an kira mahaifinsa ya zama soja. Saboda wannan, mahaifiyar ta koma tare da yaron zuwa garin Piedmont.

Karatu da gogewar aiki na farko

A cikin 1954, ya sami digiri na uku a cikin Falsafa da Haruffa daga Jami'ar Turin. Bayan kammala karatun, Ina aiki a cikin Rai a matsayin editan al'adu kuma ya fara aikinsa a matsayin malamin jami'a a cikin gidajen karatu a Turin, Florence da Milan. A wancan lokacin, ya haɗu da mahimman zane-zane daga Gruppo 63, mutanen da daga baya za su yi tasiri a aikinsa na marubuci.

Tun daga 1966, ya faɗi kujerar shugabancin sadarwar gani a cikin garin Florence. Bayan shekaru uku, Ya kasance ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda suka kafa Associationungiyar ofungiyar Ilimin ioasa ta Duniya. Fiye da shekaru 30, ya koyar a aji na koyar da ilimin kimiya a Jami'ar Bologna. A wannan wurin, ya kafa babbar Makarantar Nazarin 'Yan Adam don ƙwararren malami.

Gasar adabi

a 1966, marubuci wanda aka fara tattaunawa dashi tare da wasu labaran kwatancen yara: Bom din da Janar din y Cosmonauts uku. Bayan shekara goma sha hudu ya buga littafin da ya kai shi ga lalacewa: Sunan fure (1980). Bugu da ƙari, marubucin ya rubuta ayyuka shida, daga cikinsu waɗannan masu zuwa sun bambanta: Foucault ta pendulum (1988) y Baudolino Sarauniya Loana (2000).

Eco Har ila yau, dabbled a cikin maimaitawa, salo wanda ya gabatar da kusan ayyukan 50 sama da shekaru 60. Daga cikin rubutun, waɗannan masu zuwa sun tsaya: Buɗe aiki (1962), Apocalyptic kuma hadedde (1964), Albarkacin Liebana (1973), Yarjejeniyar kan ilimin gabaɗaya (1975), Na biyu mafi ƙarancin yau da kullun (1992) y Gina makiya (2013).

Mutuwa

Umberto Eco ya yi yaƙi na dogon lokaci game da cutar sankara. Mafi yawan cutar, ya mutu a ranar Talata, 19 ga Fabrairu, 2016 a garin Milan.

Littattafan marubuta

  • Sunan fure(1980)
  • Foucault ta pendulum(1988)
  • Tsibirin da ya gabata(1994)
  • Baudolino(2000)
  • Wutar ban mamaki ta Sarauniya Loana(2004)
  • Makabartar Prague(2010)
  • Lambar sifili(2015)

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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