Shekaru 100 tun karshen yakin duniya na farko. Littattafai 7 don tuna ta.

Za a kunna Nuwamba, amma na riga na gab da bikin tunawa da ƙarshen Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya ko Babban Yaƙin. ya 100 shekaru riga. Kuma ga waɗanda muke masu sha'awar waɗannan lokutan yaƙi kamar ƙarni na XNUMX da suka gabata, babu shakka kwanan wata muhimmiyar rana ce. Akwai littattafai marasa iyaka, labarai, tarihin rayuwa da sauran kayan da aka buga akan wannan mummunan lamarin na Humanan Adam wanda, da rashin alheri, yana da kusan ci gaba da tsoro. Wannan zaɓi na tawali'u na karatun 7 game da wannan bala'i. 

Kyawawan da zafi na yaƙi - Peter Englund

Ina da wannan littafin da wancan Rayuwa da rabo by Tsakar Gida. Suna da ƙarfi, da ɓacin rai, da daɗaɗa rai. Kuma dukansu suna gwargwadon bayanan shedu, bayanan rubutu, haruffa da hotuna na handfulan tsirarun mutane na jinsi daban-daban, ƙasa da matsayi waɗanda suka ga irin wannan ta'asar.

Gabas daga marubuci, masanin tarihi, kuma masani Yaren mutanen Sweden Peter Englund an hada shi da gajeriyar gogewa, guntun motsin rai kullum game 20 daga cikinsu ('yan bindiga, injiniyoyi, likitoci, ma'aikatan jinya, direbobi) a cikin Babban Yaƙin. Akwai kuma 60 hotuna da zane-zane wanda ke tare da rubutun da aka raba zuwa shekaru da kwanaki. A gare ni yiwu ɗayan mafi kyawun littattafai cewa na karanta akan batun.

Babu labari a gaba - Eric Maria Remarque

Wannan shi ne classic na jinsi kamar wanda ya gabata kuma mafi sani saninsa ba tare da wata shakka ba. Erich Maria Remarque shine sunan bege na marubucin jamusanci Erich paul ra'ayi, wanda kuma ya shiga cikin rikicin. An buga shi a cikin 1929, hotonsa ne game da shi da sakamakonsa daga mahangar a saurayi dan kasar Jamus Shekaru 21 a rayuwar yau da kullun a gaba.

An yi fim iri biyu. Daya a ciki 1930, wa ya ci nasara Oscar don mafi kyawun fim kuma mafi kyawun darekta don Lewis milestone. Da wani a ciki 1979 ga talabijin din da ya jagoranta Delbert mann kuma me yayi Duniyar Zinare a rukuninta shekara mai zuwa.

Barka da zuwa bindiga - Ernest Hemingway

Yana yiwuwa ɗayan ayyukan da aka yaba da su Ernest Hemingway kuma an yi wahayi zuwa gare su daga abubuwan da suka samu. A wurina hakika salon adabin duniya ne. Wataƙila an fi saninta da sigar fim dinta fiye da karatun ta. Duk da haka, wannan labarin soyayya tsakanin wata nas da wani saurayi soja manufa a cikin Italiya na yakin duniya na farko ba za a iya mantawa da shi ba.

Laftanar Ba'amurke Frederic henryDireban motar daukar marasa lafiya ne, ba shi da kulawa kuma ba ya jin dadi, amma komai na canzawa idan ya hadu Katarina Barkley, wata kyakkyawar ma’aikaciyar jinya ’yar kasar Ingila. Kuma da farko basaraken ba abin da yake so face kwarkwasa mai rikitarwa har sai ta zama ta so. Amma yakin ya raba shi kuma ya karya komai. Kuma lokacin da dukansu zasuyi, Frederic zai fahimci abin da gaske yake.

Fassarorin sa zuwa sinima sune na 1932, jauhari mai launin fari da fari cinema, tare da Gary Cooper da Helen Hayes a matsayin yan wasa. Daga baya a 1957, akwai wani wanda suka yi tauraro a ciki Rock Hudson da Jennifer Jones. Na kiyaye na farko.

Hanyoyin Daukaka - Humphrey Cobb

Bugu da kari silima da ɗayan baiwa ta yadda take Stanley Kubrick kirkirar fitacciyar wannan labari da ɗan Amurka Humphrey Coob ya rubuta kuma aka buga a 1935. Cobb na ɗaya daga cikin Amurkawa masu ba da gudummawa na farko don zuwa Western Front. Shiga yakin na Amiens, inda ya ji rauni. Kuma a cikin littafin zaku iya samun wasu bayanai daga littafin Cobb nasa (yana da shekaru 17 a lokacin) wanda ya rubuta a gaba.

Pero a matsayin aikin adabi ba a lura da shi. Kubrick ne ya karanta shi tun yana karami kuma ya kasance a 1957 lokacin da, Artungiyoyin United Artists da ɗan wasan suka goyi bayansa Kirk Douglas, iya juya shi a cikin wani fim ɗin yaƙi wanda babu kamarsa.

Saƙonku a waɗannan lamura ba zai iya zama ƙari ba antimilitarist da whistleblower na rashin adalci da wauta da aka aikata a cikin wannan rikici. Sanya cikin yakin rami, labarin, wanda shine dangane da ainihin abubuwan da suka faru, ya ruwaito da kisa (hukuncin da bai dace ba saboda gazawar harin kunar bakin wake da Jamusawa), na rashin biyayya da kuma tsoro, don sojoji hudu na 181 Regiment na gaban Sojan Faransa.

Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya ya gaya wa masu shakka - Juan Eslava Galán

Eslava Galán ya fi murya mai izini akan al'amuran tarihi. Ana nuna wannan ta hanyar litattafansa daban-daban akan al'amuran yaƙi na kowane lokaci. A cikin wannan aikin yana magana ne game da ci gaban fasaha kamar bindigar mashin, tanki ko jirgin ruwa mai nutsuwa, da kuma game da haruffa kamar Mata Hari, Red Baron ko Rasputin.

Karatun sa kuma ya hada da tafiyada hobbies na rundunar, da al'adu na gidajen karuwai, da wasannin 'yan leken asiri, da sauran labaran da ba a sani ba ko na waɗanda daga baya suka zama sunaye masu dacewa waɗanda suka rayu wannan ƙwarewar.

Faduwar Kattai - Ken Yarda

An aika Follet ta babban hanya a cikin nasa Trilogy na ƙarni wanda ya fara da wannan take, watakila mafi kyawu daga cikin ukun. Epic, soyayya, bala'i, sha'awa, ƙiyayya, cin amana da duk kayan aiki da kuma nuna haruffa waxanda alamun kasuwanci ne na wannan shahararren marubucin Welsh.

Mun san da iyalai biyar daban (Arewacin Amurka, Jamusanci, Rashanci, Ingilishi da kuma Welsh) na haruffa waɗanda za mu bi ƙaddararsu a duk duniya da kuma tsawon ƙarni. Tabbas, a cikin wannan littafin na farko, ya tabo batun yakin duniya na farko ne, da juyin juya halin Rasha da kuma gwagwarmaya ta farko game da yancin mata. Kuma dukansu zasu fahimci juna kuma suna haɗuwa a cikin yanayin da ya cancanci ganowa.

Jar jirgin - Manfred von Richthofen

Kuma a ƙarshe an bar ni da ɗayan shahararrun mashahuran jarumai na Yaƙin Duniya na Farko. Saboda ba shi yiwuwa a rasa Manfred von Richthofen, ko Red Baron ga labari na har abada tuni.

Richthofen da kiran sa "Flying Circus" ya tashi kuma ya mamaye iska a cikin wasu jirgi mafi haɗari na wancan lokacin, da Albatros da Fokker. Sun zana su daga karin launuka don tsokanar makiya. Richthofen ya rauni da harsashi a cikin kansa a watan Yuli 1917 kuma a cikin murmurewa ya rubuta the tarihin rayuwa menene wannan littafin. A ciki zamu samo daga labaran horo, balaguron iska da, da kuma cikakken kwatancen injiniyoyin waɗannan jiragen. Kuma tabbas shaidu ne kamar waɗannan:

A tsayin metan dari, abokin gaba na yayi kokarin tashi a zigzag don toshe burina. Sannan dama ta ta gabatar da kanta. Na tursasa shi har zuwa mita hamsin, ina harbe shi babu kakkautawa. Baturen Ingila zai fadi babu tsammani. Don cimma wannan kusan na ciyar da wata mujalla gabaki ɗaya.

Maƙiyina ya faɗi a gefen layinmu tare da harbi a kai. Bindigar sa ta makale a kasa kuma yau tana kawata kofar gidana.


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