Louisa May Alcott. Labarai da yawa fiye da Womenananan Mata

Louisa May Alcott ta mutu a rana irin ta yau daga 1888 zuwa Boston, kwana biyu bayan rasuwar mahaifinsa. Wannan marubucin Ba'amurke yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan sunaye na littattafan matasa na kowane lokaci. Littafin da ya fi kowa sani a duniya shi ne Womenananan mata, amma aikinsa yana da yawa sosai kuma ya kunna wasu nau'ikan. Wadannan su ne wasu labarai da yawa wanda shi ma ya rubuta, kodayake abubuwan da suka faru na Jo Maris da 'yan uwansa mata sun rufe su. 

Louisa May Alcott

Mahaifinsa ya shafa kafadu da abokai kamar Ralph Waldo Emerson da Henry David Thoreau, don haka Louisa ba za ta iya samun ingantattun nassoshi ba. Amma iyalinta ba su rayu da yawa ba kuma dole ne ta yi aiki a ciki ayyuka daban-daban tun daga ƙuruciya har ya fara rayuwa a kan abin da ya rubuta.

Kuma ya aikata hakan ne ta fuskoki biyu daban-daban na halitta: daya yana nufin 'yan mata kuma alama a al'adun gargajiya, kamar yadda yake faruwa a ciki Womenananan mata o Samarin Jo; dayan kuma, mafi girma, sun hada da jerin litattafai nau'in soyayya cewa ya buga tare da shi sunan karya na AN Barnhard, ban da aiki mai tsanani ga manya da ake kira Mephistopheles na zamani (1875).

Ya kuma kasance mai girma mai kare hakkin mata har zuwa karshen rayuwarsa shima ya zama sokewa. Wadannan sune 7 daga cikin litattafan sa:

Yarinya mai tsufa

Polly Milton, yarinya fili 'yar shekara goma sha huɗu tana zuwa birni don ɗan lokaci tare da kawarta Fanny shawa. A can Polly ya gamsu sosai da yadda rayuwar Fanny ta bambanta da nata, tunda Fanny koyaushe tana da kyau kuma tana son yin kwarkwasa da samari. Polly za ta haɗu da mutanen shekarunta, ta halarci maraice na wasan kwaikwayo, sannan ta dawo gida tana tunanin hakan rayuwa a cikin birni tana da kyau, amma ba komai bane.

Shekaru shida daga baya Polly koma birni zama a gidan Madam Mills a matsayin malamin kiɗa. Bayan haka, Tom, Brotheran uwan ​​Fanny yana da hannu tare da wata budurwa maras son kai da son cika buri. Fanny tana son saurayi mai suna Sydney, wanda kuma yake sha'awar Polly, amma Wanene Polly yake so da gaske?

Bayan abin rufe fuska

Muna cikin Ingila a 1866. Matashi da lalata Jean muir ya isa gidan sarauta na Coventry yin aiki kamar yadda mulki. Godiya ga wayon sa da fasaharsa dayawa, bayan aikin kwana ɗaya kawai kulawa don lashe so na Madam Coventry, 'yarsa Bella, ƙaramin ɗa, Edwardda kuma sir John, kawun tsohon da attajiri.
Amma ba daidai yake da Gerald ba, babban yaya, da Lucia, dan uwansawaye ba su yarda da mulkin ba kuma sun fara leken asirin matakan da suke. Koyaya, Burin Jean shine ya tabbatar da miji mai wadata da wadata, kuma ba zai yi jinkiri ba don amfani da duk makamai mata a yatsansa a matsayin abin rufe fuska a baya wanda zai ɓoye don cimma hakan.

Karkashin lilacs

Matasan yara inda ake ba da labarin abubuwan da suka faru na yaron Ben Kawa lokacin da, lokacin motsawa daga circus inda yayi aiki, tare da Sancho, kare ka horarru, hadu da wasu kanne mata da ke wasa a ƙarƙashin lilacs. Ben zai yi aiki a matsayin mai horarwa kuma za'ayi abokin yan gidakamar yadda yake fata mahaifinsa zai dawo masa. Yayinda zai rayu kowane irin yanayi.

Menananan maza

Wannan ne mabiyi ga Womenananan mata wanda ya gaya mana abin da ke faruwa a lokacin Jo Baher, marasa aure a watan Maris, da mijinta sun buɗe gida don ilimantarwa da kula da yara maza. Waɗannan rukuni ne na ɗan tsuttsauran ra'ayi amma yara masu kirki waɗanda ke tasiri sosai ga rayuwar ɗaukacin iyalin Baher, gami da theiran twoansu biyu.

Don haka muna da Franz, wani bajamushe dan shekara 17, Emil, wanda ake kira «El Comodoro» saboda sha’awarsa ta jirgin ruwa, Tsakiyar-Brooke, mai hankali da gaisuwa, Rob, da hutawa, Dick, The Hunchback, dolly, mai dattako, mai wayo da hadama Jack, Ned Barullo Baker, zalunci da rashin tunani, George, zampabollos, Billy, mara laifi, Tommy, fitina, da ragged da sabon shiga Nat, wanda daga baya zai kasance tare da masu wahala da rashin fahimta Dan. Duk suna zaune a makarantar Plumfield kuma Jo zai kula da maida su maza masu riba.

Coan uwan ​​takwas

Wannan wani daga cikin litattafan da aka fi sani na Alcott kuma an san shi da Matasa. Wannan labarin yarinyar kenan - Rosa Campbell, wanda ya dawo gida bayan tafiyar shekara biyu a duniya tare da kawunsa Alec da kuyanginsa Phebe. Amma bayan dawowarsa sai ya tarar da haka ne ma'abucin babban rabo.

Don haka ba zato ba tsammani ta sami kanta kewaye da a adadi mai yawa na masu so da kuma masu nema. Rosa zata yanke hukunci yaya makomarku zata kasance kuma ka zabi wacce daga cikin kawayenta da kuma dan uwan ​​ta wadanda suka fi sha’awar ta ba sa’ar ta ba.

Merananan yara mata

Wannan shi ne zaɓi na tatsuniyoyi masu ban sha'awa inda Alcott ya nuna mana cewa ita ma majagaba ce kuma babbar marubuciya tatsuniyoyi da goths. A cikin wadannan jaruman sune sabo, undines da nereids da sauran halittun teku. Misali, muna da labarai kamar Ariel, Rizo, teku nymphko Cyan ƙaramin aboki.

Kusan dukkan abubuwa suna raba abubuwa iri ɗaya a matsayin tsibiri, hasumiya mai fitila, otal ko kuma ƙauyuka na rairayin bakin teku, mai yiwuwa wahayi zuwa gare ta Ba Bayarwa, inda Alcott ya huta a gabar New England.

Labarin wata mai jinya

An ba da wannan labarin Kate Yana, wata ma’aikaciyar jinya (kamar yadda ita kanta marubuciyar) wacce aka dauke ta aiki don ta kula da ita Elinor, kanwar 'yar Carruth iyali, wanda ke fama da baƙon tabin hankali. Daga farkon lokacin da Kate zata yi kokarin fahimtar dalilin da yasa saurayin Robert tsallake, wanda ake zaton aboki ne na dangi, yana kula da cikakken iko musamman abin da ke faruwa a gidan Carruth.

Yana da ingantaccen labyrinth na yaudara, asirai da sha'awa wancan yana da ban mamaki ƙarewa. Zamu iya cewa labari ne ta damfarar 'yan sanda a kan la'anar tsere kuma yana tunatar da yawa a cikin sautin da asalin Wilkie Collins, 'yan uwan ​​Brontë ko Jane Austen.


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