Litattafan Virginia Woolf

"Roomaki na kaina", littafin Virginia Woolf.

"Roomaki na kaina", littafin Virginia Woolf.

Virginia Woolf marubuciyar Burtaniya ce wacce ta rayu a farkon rabin karni na XNUMX, a kan lokaci a cikin shekarun 1910, 1920 da 1930, kodayake an buga wasu ayyukansa bayan mutuwa. Ya kasance ɗayan mashahurai a cikin adabin zamani na Turai, daidai da Thomas Mann da James Joyce.

Ya kasance daga rukunin masu fasahar zane-zane da masu hankali da ake kira Bloomsbury Circle, wanda kuma ya hada da Roger Fry, Clive Bell, Duncant Grant, Bertrand Russell da Vanessa Bell, ‘yar’uwar marubucin. Ita ce kuma wanda ya kirkiro ta, tare da mijinta Leonard Woolf, na gidan buga jaridar Hogarth Press.

Yanayin Virginia Woolf

Ya rubuta galibi littattafai, gajerun labarai da makaloli. Ayyukansa suna da lalacewa ta hanyar layin gargajiya (gabatar da haruffa - ƙarshe) da kuma mai da hankali kan rayuwar cikin halayen halayensa, waɗanda yake nunawa ta hanyar maganganun cikin gida da abubuwan yau da kullun.

Har ila yau ita alama ce ta alama ta motsi mata a cikin shekarun 1970s, lokacin da aka sake kimanta aikinta.  A gaskiya ma, littattafanta suna daga cikin kyawawan ayyukan mata. Wannan dacewar tsakanin mata yawanci saboda rubutun ta ne Daki na, wanda a ciki yake kawo matsalolin da marubuta suka fuskanta a zamaninsu saboda matsayinsu na mata.

Tarihin Rayuwa

An haifi Adeline Virginia Stephen a Kensington, London, a Janairu 25, 1882. Ta kasance 'yar Leslie Stephen, ita ma marubuciya, da Julia Prinsep Jackson, waɗanda ke yin kwalliya ga masu zanen Pre-Raphaelite. Ta girma ne kewaye da littattafai da ayyukan fasaha. Ba ta halarci makarantun ilimi ba, amma iyayenta da masu koyarwa masu zaman kansu ne suka yi karatun ta.

Tun daga yarinta, ta kasance mai saukin kamuwa da al'amuran damuwa da nuna alamun bayyanar cututtukan mutum. Kodayake waɗannan yanayin ba su rage iyawarta na ilimi ba, amma sun haifar da matsalar lafiyarta kuma daga ƙarshe sun kai ga kashe kanta a 1941.

Bayan mutuwar iyayensa, ya tafi ya zauna tare da 'yan'uwansa Adrián da Vanessa a gidan na karshen a kan titin Bloomsbury.. A can ya kafa dangantaka tare da marubuta daban-daban, masu zane-zane da masu sukar ra'ayi, waɗanda suka shahara da shahararren da'irar Bloomsbury. Wannan rukunin ya ƙunshi mutane daga rassa daban-daban na ilimi da fasaha. Sun kasance suna tare da sukar (yawanci satirical) da suka nuna a cikin aikin su zuwa ga tsarkakewa da ƙimar kyawawan dabi'un Victoria.

A wannan yanayin, ta haɗu da fitaccen edita kuma marubuci Leonard Woolf, wanda ta aura a 1912, lokacin da Virginia ke da shekara 30.. A cikin 1917 suka kafa Hogarth Press tare, wanda zai zama ɗayan manyan a London a lokacin. Sun buga aikin Virginia da Leonard a wurin, da kuma na wasu fitattun marubutan lokacin kamar Sigmund Freud, Katherine Mansfield, TS Elliot, Laurens van der Post, da fassarar wallafe-wallafen Rasha.

Quote daga Virginia Woolf.

Quote daga Virginia Woolf.

A lokacin 1920s yana da soyayya da marubuciya Victoria Sackville-West, wacce ya sadaukar da littafinsa Orlando. Wannan gaskiyar ba ta haifar da lalacewar aurensu ba, tunda su da abokan aikinsu suna adawa da keɓewar jima'i da tsananin zamanin Victoria.

A cikin 1941 ya sha wahala na dogon lokaci, wanda ya kara tabarbarewa ta hanyar rusa gidansa a lokacin harin bama-bamai na yakin duniya na biyu da wasu dalilai. A ranar 28 ga Maris na wannan shekarar ya kashe kansa ta hanyar nitsewa a Kogin Kogin. Gawar sa a Sussex, karkashin bishiya.

Gina

Littattafan da ya wallafa sune:

  • Karshen tafiya (1915)
  • Dare da rana (1919)
  • Dakin Yakub (1922)
  • Madam Dalloway (1925)
  • Zuwa gidan haske (1927)
  • Orlando (1928)
  • Kalaman (1931)
  • Ja ruwa (1933)
  • Shekarun (1937)
  • Tsakanin ayyuka (1941)

An buga gajerun labaran nasa cikin tarin daban-daban. Wadannan sun hada da: Gidajen Kew (1919), Litinin ko Talata (1921), Sabon Riga (1924), Gida mai fatalwa da sauran gajerun labarai (1944), Bangaren Uwargida Dalloway (1973) y Cikakken Fan Tatsuniya (1985).

Ya kuma wallafa tarihin rayuwar abokin aikinsa Roger Fry a cikin 1940 da rubuce-rubuce da yawa da rubuce-rubucen da ba na almara ba., daga cikinsu akwai: Labarin zamani (1919), Mai karatu gama gari (1925), Daki na (1929), London (1931), Mutuwar asu da sauran rubuce-rubuce (1942), Mata da adabi (1979) da sauransu da yawa. A halin yanzu zaka iya samun cikakkun ayyukansa don saukarwa kyauta.

Virginia Woolf ta ba da littattafai

Madam Dalloway

Misis Dalloway ita ce ta farko daga cikin litattafan Virginia Woolf da suka samu yabo mai yawa da kuma sauran jama'a bayan buga shi a cikin 1925, har zuwa matsayin da ake la'akari da shi na gargajiya na adabin karni na XNUMX.

Yana ba da labarin wata rana a cikin rayuwar Clarissa Dalloway, wata matar garin Landan, matar wani mataimaki. Kodayake rayuwar mai takaitawar haramtacciya ce kuma babu wani abin da ya fi dacewa a tarihi da ya faru a duk labarin, wadatar wannan aikin ya ta'allaka ne da cewa an ruwaito shi ne daga tunani da hangen nesan haruffan, wanda ya mayar da labarin gama gari zuwa wani abu na hakika, duka suna kusa ga mai karatu da duniya baki daya.

En Madam Dalloway akwai wuri don fantasy, bukukuwa da bala'i daga abubuwan yau da kullun. Kamar yadda aka ruwaito daga tunani, ana faruwa a lokuta daban-daban kuma yana ba da kwatankwacin rayuwar ɗaliban babban aji na Landan bayan Yaƙin Duniya na Farko. Hotunan nasa na waƙoƙi da labarin labarinsa sun sanya shi a kan layi iri ɗaya da Ulysses by James Joyce.

Orlando

Orlando: tarihin rayuwa, wani labari ne wanda yake bayar da labarin yadda ya lalace da kuma tafiye-tafiye na Orlando, masanin Ingila, wanda ke rayuwa daga zamanin Elizabethan zuwa karni na XNUMX. A wannan lokacin, ya tashi daga kasancewa marubucin marubuci a kotu har ya zama jakada a Turkiyya, inda wata safiya ya farka a matsayin mace. Hakikanin kasancewar mace yana kawo matsaloli da yawa yayin kokarin mallakar kadarori, kuma yayin karnoni da suka gabata yakan haifar da wasu matsaloli da ƙaryatuwa.

Orlando waƙa ce ta manyan tarihin rayuwar ƙididdigar tarihi. An loda shi da nassoshi ga adabin gargajiya, musamman Shakespeare kuma yana ma'amala da batutuwa masu rikitarwa a lokacin kamar liwadi da matsayin jinsi.

Art game da Virginia Woolf akan bango.

Art game da Virginia Woolf akan bango.

Kalaman

An buga shi a cikin 1931, bayan Mrs. dalloway y Zuwa gidan haske, cikakke, tare da waɗannan biyun, karatun Virginia Woolf na litattafan gwaji. Ta hanyar masu sukar ra'ayi da yawa ana ɗaukarsa aiki mafi rikitarwa.

Littafin ya ba da labarin abokai shida (Rhoda, Bernard, Louis, Susan, Jinny, da Neville) ta hanyar muryoyin su. Abubuwan haruffa suna bayyana rayuwarsu, mafarkansu, tsoransu, da tunani ta hanyar maganganu ɗaya. Amma waɗannan ba maganganun gargajiya ba ne a cikin salon gidan wasan kwaikwayon, amma tunani da ra'ayoyi waɗanda suke haɗuwa kuma suna ba mai karatu da ɗan kaɗan hoto na cikin ciki na kowane hali.

Kamar Madam Dalloway Yana da mahimmanci labari don sani da nazarin labarin Turai game da gaba-garde, da adabin karni na XNUMX gaba daya.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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