Littattafan Javier Cercas

Javier Cercas ne adam wata

Javier Cercas ne adam wata

Kowace rana masu amfani da Intanet da yawa suna tambaya game da "littattafan Javier Cercas", kuma babban sakamakon yana kan Sojojin Salamis (2001). Wannan labarin shine na huɗu da marubuci ya gabatar, kuma yana da alhakin ingantaccen ci gaba a rayuwarsa. Da shi ne ya sami karramawa daga sukar adabi, tare da bayar da kyakkyawan bayani. Dangane da wannan, Mario Vargas Llosa ya ce: "ɗayan manyan littattafan zamaninmu."

Marubucin ya kasance yana da ladabi ta hanyar amfani da ingantaccen labari a cikin litattafansa wanda a ciki ya haɗu da tarihin kirki da almara. Duk da gabatar da aikin sa na farko a shekarar 1987, amma ba a samu karbuwa ba har zuwa farkon karni na XNUMX.. Ya kamata a lura cewa a cikin wannan dogon lokacin a cikin inuwa, babban aboki ya gaskanta da shi sosai. Ba wani abu bane kuma ba komai ba ne kamar marubucin ɗan ƙasar Chile Roberto Bolaño, wanda ya tabbatar da cewa Javier yana da ƙwarewa sosai. A yau ci gaban marubucin Sifen ya zama tabbataccen tabbaci cewa Bolaño bai yi kuskure ba.

Wasu bayanan tarihin rayuwar Javier Cercas

Yara da karatu

Marubutan an haife shi ne a ranar Litinin, 16 ga Afrilu, 1962 a wani ƙaramin gari na Ibahernando a lardin Cáceres (Extremadura). An yi masa baftisma kamar José Javier Cercas Mena. Ya rayu cikin watanni 48 na farko a garinsu, sannan rukunin danginsa suka koma Gerona. Duk da nisan, Cercas bai rasa nasaba da asalinsa ba, amma ya ziyarce shi a lokuta daban-daban yayin samartakarsa zuwa hutu.

Tun yana ƙarami ya nuna sha'awar adabi, wanda hakan ya sa ya karanci ilimin ilimin Hispanic a Jami'ar Kwadago ta Barcelona. Bayan samun digiri a 1985, ya zabi yin digirin digirgir a wannan reshe na Jami'ar Barcelona, ​​wanda ya samu bayan shekaru.

Aikin adabi da farawa

A cikin 1989 ya fara a matsayin malami a Jami'ar Gerona, yana koyar da azuzuwan adabin Mutanen Espanya. A lokacin, marubucin ya gabatar da ayyukansa na farko guda biyu, Wayar hannu (1987) y Mai haya (1989). Baya ga aikinsa a matsayinsa na malami kuma marubuci, Javier Cercas ya rubuta labarai da dama da sake dubawa ga jaridu daban-daban. Daga nan har zuwa yanzu, ya ba da gudummawa ga jaridun Catalan, da kuma wasu wallafe-wallafe na jaridar. El País.

Bayan nasarar littafinsa na hudu, Sojojin Salamis (2001), marubucin ya buga ƙarin taken guda 6. Wadannan sun hada da: Gudun haske (2005), Dokokin kan iyaka (2012) Mayaudarin (2014) y Terra Alta (2019). Tare da su ya kiyaye kyakkyawan suna da martaba a gaban masu karatun sa, tare da amincewa da furofesoshi daban-daban. An kiyasta cewa a 2021 zai gabatar da aikinsa mai lamba 11, wanda za a sanya masa suna: 'Yanci.

Littattafai daga Javier Cercas

Sojojin Salamis (2001)

Shi ne littafi na 4 da marubucin ya wallafa, wanda ya ba shi kyauta fitarwa a Spain da duniya, ana fassarawa zuwa fiye da harsuna 20. A shekarunsa na farko ya sami nasarar sayar da kwafi sama da miliyan 1, wanda hakan ya ba marubucin littafin damar sadaukar da kansa kawai ga rubutu. Bugu da ƙari, David Trueba ya daidaita aikin don fim kuma an fara shi a cikin 2003.

Synopsis

Sojojin Salamis labari ne na shaida wanda tarihi yayi mu'amala da almara. An saita shi a cikin watanni na ƙarshe na Yakin Basasa na Sifen (1939) kuma ya gabatar da Falangist Rafael Sánchez Mazas a matsayin babban halayen. Wasan kwaikwayo ya faɗi yadda wasu sojojin jamhuriya da suka je kan iyaka don neman ƙaura, suka harbe fursunoni da yawa na Francoist; Sánchez Maza ya sami damar tserewa daga wannan kisan gillar. Yayin da yake guduwa, wani soja ya tare shi, wanda ya nuna masa bindiga kuma, bayan ya kalle shi, ya kare rayuwarsa.

Labarin ya ci gaba shekaru 60 bayan haka, lokacin da wani marubuci mai takaici — Javier Cercas -, kwatsam, ya koyi labarin. Ya kasance mai sha'awa kuma mai ban sha'awa, ya fara yin bincike mai zurfi a cikin lamarin, yana gano wasu abubuwan da ba a san su ba don warwarewa. Yan wasa irin su Roberto Bolaño sun sa baki a cikin lamarin, wanda ya ƙarfafa Cercas don neman sojan da ya nuna jinƙai ga Sánchez Maza. A kan hanyar neman dalilin "aikin jinƙai", layi bayan layi yana bayyana labari cike da motsin rai wanda zai sami amsoshi masu ban mamaki, ko wataƙila amsoshi ba tsammani.

Wasu kyaututtukan da aka karɓa:

  • Kyautar Labari ta Salambó
  • Kyautar Cálamo 2001 (Littafin shekara)
  • Kyautar City of Barcelona
Siyarwa Sojojin Salamis ...
Sojojin Salamis ...
Babu sake dubawa

Anatomy na nan take (2009)

Tarihi ne wanda yake bayanin abubuwan da suka faru a 23F - juyin mulki wanda ya ci tura a Spain a 1981—. Wannan ana ɗaukar shi a matsayin littafi na musamman kuma mai ban sha'awa. Bayan cikakken binciken da Cercas ya yi, ya kammala da cewa ƙirƙirar asusun ba zai girmama abin da ya faru ba. Marubucin ya mai da hankali kan nuna tarihin abubuwan da suka faru da kuma bayyana dalilan da suka kasance don hakan ta faru.

Hujja

Kamar yadda sunansa ya nuna, wani lokaci a cikin tarihin Spain ana tuna shi, wani mahimmin abu da ya faru a yammacin 23F, lokacin da wata ƙungiya ta kutsa cikin Majalisar Wakilai. Marubucin yayi tsokaci na musamman game da matsayin Shugaba Adolfo Suárez, wanda ya kasance har yanzu a kan kujerarsa yayin da masu shirin juyin mulkin suka yi ta amo a cikin amphitheater.

A lokaci guda, Kyaftin Janar Gutiérrez Mellado — Mataimakin Shugaba - da Santiago Carrillo — Sakatare Janar - sun ci gaba da kasancewa daidai da matsayin shugaban ƙasa, sun kasance marasa motsi yayin da sauran ‘yan majalisar ke tsananin neman mafaka. Ba tare da takaita bayanai ba, wannan littafin yana mai da hankali ga mai karatu zuwa daidai lokacin juyin mulkin da kuma tasirin sa a tarihin Spain.

Masarautar inuwa (2017)

Wannan shine littafin marubuci na 9. A ciki, Cercas ya sake zaɓi don kula da salon labarinsa na yau da kullun kuma yayi amfani da Yaƙin basasa na Spain azaman lokacin saitawa. Wannan lokacin, marubucin ya yanke shawarar bayar da labarin Manuel Mena - kanin mahaifiyarsa - wanda a lokacin yana da shekara 17 ya shiga sahun Franco. Sanin kowa ne cewa kakannin Cercas Falangist ne, imanin siyasa wanda shi kansa ya banbanta. A dalilin wannan, rubutu game da wannan wasan kwaikwayo ya kasance ƙalubale ga marubucin kuma a lokaci guda sulhu da abubuwan da ya gabata.

Hujja

Cercas - wacce take aiki a matsayin mai ba da labari a cikin littafin - ta bayyana Manuel Mena, wani ɗan tuta ne wanda ya shiga cikin rukunin masu kai harin na Francoist. Saurayin ya sami rauni a cikin yakin Ebro, bayan ya kwashe shekaru biyu yana gwagwarmaya a dalilin. Labarin da marubucin ya bayar cike yake da tausayawa, ban dariya da aiki. Ya kamata a lura cewa marubucin da kansa yana ɗaukar wannan aikin kamar: "ƙarshen ƙarshen makircin Sojojin Salamis".


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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