Henry Rider Haggard. Ina tuna marubucin littafin Mines na Sarki Sulemanu

Mayu 14 1925 Sir Henry Rider Haggard ya mutu a London, Littattafan hausa, marubucin irin wadannan mashahuran ayyukan kamar Ma'adanai na Sarki Sulemanu, Ita, ko Kasadar Allan Quatermain a tsakanin sauran. Wanene bai taɓa ganin fasalinsa a silima ba ko ya ji daɗin yanayin sautinsa na yau da kullun? Yau Na sake nazarin waɗannan ayyukan a cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar sa.

Henry Rider Haggard

Haifaffen ciki Bradenham A cikin 1856, wannan ɗan littafin Turanci na farko ya sami digirin digirgir a Fikihu a Landan kuma ya kasance wani babban jami'in gwamnati. Ya rayu 'yan shekaru a Indonesia da Afirka sannan ya koma kasar Biritaniya, inda ya ci gaba da rike mukamai daban-daban.

Ya kasance abokin Rudyard Kipling kamar yadda Haggard da kansa ya faɗi a tarihin rayuwarsa da aka buga shekara guda bayan rasuwarsa, Kwanakin rayuwata. Kuma dukansu suna da tasirin tasirinsu na adabi da mahimmanci, ban da taken jigogi kamar mulkin mallaka na Daular Birtaniyya, to a mafi girman girmansa da apogee. Har ila yau sautin ta m Kasadar na waɗancan yanayin.

Watakila ba hakan ya shahara ba kuma bai kai ga martabar abokin aikinsa Kipling ba. Amma labaransu cike da jarumai, jarumai masu daraja da jarumai gami da cewa m saitin, kwatancin al'adu masu ban al'ajabi da ban mamaki, da ikon allahntaka kuma sosai saurin labari har yanzu suna da masu karatu da yawa.

Gina

Littafin da ya fara cin nasara shine Ma'adanai na Sarki Sulemanu (1885), wahayi zuwa gare ta Tsibiri mai tamani by Robert Louis Stevenson Sauran kamar Ella (1887), ci gabarsa, Ayesha, dawowar Ta (1905) y Kasadar Allan Quatermain (1887).

Ya kasance marubuci ƙwarai da gaske, kuma kuma ya kasance tare da tarihi, siyasa da kuma shirin gaskiya. Misali ya kuma yi rubutu game da aikin gona da sake fasalin zamantakewar al'umma, mai yiwuwa tasirin abubuwan da ya samu a Afirka ya yi tasiri a kansu. Amma yaya litattafan suka kasance fiye da taken 60, ciki har da wasu da aka buga ta wasu ɓangarori. Tsaya waje Nada Lily (1892), 'Yar Moctezuma (1893), Garin hazo (1894), Lokacin da duniya ta girgiza (1919) y Belshazzar (1930). Sauran litattafan da ya rubuta sune CleopatraEric Bright Idanu y Ja Hauwa.

Wataƙila a lokacin, da kuma ƙarshen ƙarshen zamanin Victoriya, kodayake litattafansa litattafai ne na kasada, sun kuma wakilci sanannen labari wanda ya kasance farfaganda game da manufofin mulkin mallaka hakan yana faduwa.

Allan Quatermain da Ayesha

Abubuwan shahararrun halayenta sune mafarauta da balaguro Allan Quatermain, wacce taurari a cikin jerin wadanda suka hada da:

  • Ma'adanai na Sarki Sulemanu
  • Kasadar Allan Quatermain
  • Fansa Maiwa
  • Matar Allan
  • Tsohon allan 
  • Allan da Kankunan Alloli

Game da Ita ko ayesha, yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan litattafan wallafe-wallafen kasada tare da taɓawa, tare da mace mai birgima wacce ba ta mutuwa, tana zaune a Afirka kuma 'yan ƙasar suna bautar ta a matsayin allahiya har sai wata rana masu binciken Turai sun same ta. A kanta akwai:

  • Ella
  • Ayesha: dawowar Ella
  • 'Yar hikima

Abubuwan haruffa biyu sun dace a cikin take, Allan da Ella.

Na baya-bayan nan ya kasance karbuwa ga mai kayatarwa tare da rubutun ɗan fim ɗin Faransa Elie chouraqui (Furen Harrison, Gandun daji) da zane-zane ta Mutanen Espanya Alberto Jiménez Alburquerque.

Gyara fim

Ba tare da wata shakka ba shahararriyar ita ce Ma'adanai na Sarki Sulemanu a cikin sigar 1950, na Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Compton Bennett na Ingila ne ya jagoranci shi, shi ya lashe Oscar don mafi kyawun montage da mafi kyawun hoto, kuma an zabi shi don mafi kyawun hoto.

Sun yi tauraro a ciki Deborah Kerr da Stewart Granger, kodayake akwai shakku tsakaninsa da Errol Flynn. An harbe shi a cikin yanayin yanayi a Afirka. Kuma yana ba da labarin mai farauta da jagoran balaguro Allan Quatermain, wanda ya karɓi kwamiti daga Elizabeth Curtis (Deborah Kerr) don ta bi ta zuwa yankin da ba a san shi sosai ba don neman mijinta. Akwai wasu nau'ikan da yawa, duka a baya da kuma daga baya, amma wannan shine abin da ya rage a classic kasada fim.

Karbuwa na Ella, na farko da kansa George Melies a cikin 1901. Amma mafi yawan abin da aka tuna shi ne wanda ya yi fim Ursula Andress a 1963, a cikin Baiwar wuta.


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