Taushi dare ne… 196 shekaru bayan mutuwar John Keats

John Keats (London, 1795 - Rome, 1821)

John Keats shine ɗayan mahimman mawaƙan Turancin Romanci na ƙarni na XNUMX, amma kuma daga wancan lokacin a duk duniya. Yau sun cika 196 shekaru na mutuwarsa a Rome. Ina da 25 shekaru kuma, a matsayina na mawaƙi mai ƙarancin soyayya da ruhi mai saurin lalacewa, ya yi rashin lafiya ya mutu da tarin fuka, kamar yadda yake a gaban ɗan’uwansa da mahaifiyarsa.

Kamar sauran mawaƙa da marubuta na Burtaniya da yawa na karanta shi a cikin aiki na kuma, kodayake ba waƙoƙi ba abu na bane, ƙwarewar ita ce. Kuma da ayoyi Keats suna da yawa kyakkyawa, harshe mai ban sha'awa da kuma kirkirarrun harshe sannan kuma cike yake da lalata. A wasu kalmomin, cikakken kwatankwacin abin da ke ƙunshe da ruhunsa. Daga da'irar adabi iri ɗaya na lokacin, shi, Percy Bysshe Shelley da Lord Byron mai yiwuwa Triniti Mai Tsarki ne na manyan mawaƙan soyayya na Burtaniya. 

Wasu daga tarihin sa

John Keats an haife shi ne a gefen London kuma, matashi ne, ya kasance marayu na uba. Mahaifiyarta ta sake yin aure, amma hakan bai yi daidai ba kuma ta bar mijinta. Sun koma zama tare da tsohuwar Keats a Enfield. Yaushe Mahaifiyarsa ta mutu, kaka ta nada masu kula biyu wadanda suka kula da marayu. Waɗannan sun cire Keats daga makarantarsa ​​kuma suka mai da shi mai koyon aikin tiyata. Amma ya mai da hankali sosai ga adabi. Na kammala karatu a ciki Farmacia, amma ya yi aiki ne kawai shekara biyu kafin ya dukufa kan waka.

La mafi girma tasiri cewa yana da shi aikin aikin karni na XNUMX Edmund ya bazu, wanda ya yi wahayi zuwa ga waƙarsa ta farko: A kwaikwayon Spenser. Cikin sauri ya shiga zaɓaɓɓen da'irar shahararrun mawaƙan zamaninsa, kamar su Shelley da Lord Byron.

En 1817 wallafa kundin wakokinsa na farko mai taken kawai Karin magana, cewa bai samu karbuwa sosai ba. Hakanan ya faru da Kauna, wakarsa mafi almara. A tsakiyar ya rasa wani ɗan'uwansa, wanda ya shafe shi sosai. Ya yanke shawarar komawa Landan, zuwa gidan wani aboki wanda suka bi ta Scotland da Ireland. Amma shi ma, ya riga ya nuna alamun cutar.

Kuma wannan shine lokacin da ya sadu Fanny brawne, wanda da shi ya kamu da hauka. Shi ne wanda ya yi wahayi zuwa ga mafi yawan waƙoƙinsa, musamman sanannen silsilar odwarsa. Lokacin da lafiyarsa ta tabarbare, ya yanke shawarar nemo wani yanayi wanda zai inganta shi ya hau zuwa Naples. Amma ya mutu bayan 'yan watanni a cikin Roma. A kan kabarinsa akwai wannan kyakkyawan rubutun: "Ga wani wanda sunansa ya rubuta a cikin ruwa".

Na aikinsa

Yana da ƙarami na manyan romantan Biritaniya, amma kuma ɗayan kalmomin mahimmanci a cikin harshen turanci. Gaskiya ne Bai sami darajar da ya cancanci rayuwa ba, amma ya samu daga baya. Sabili da haka aikinsa ana ɗaukar shi mai girma tsarkakewa mai bayyanawa. Ina neman isa ga cikakken kyau kuma babu shakka da yawa daga cikin ayoyinsa suna da shi. Kamar na Soft ne dare, an haɗa shi cikin sanannen saninsa, Ode zuwa dareingale.

Amma wakoki kamar Kyakkyawar mace ba tare da rahama ba, Faduwar Hyperion o A kan teku. Ni kaina na kasance tare da wannan koyaushe Yi tausayi, jinƙai, ƙauna! Amma gano wasu. Ko ta yaya, menene mafi kyawun ƙarshen wannan watan na Fabrairu wanda yake ƙarewa.

Yi tausayi, jinƙai, ƙauna! Son rahama!
Tsantsan soyayya wanda baya sanya mu wahala ba tare da karshe ba,
soyayya na wani tunani, cewa ba za ka yi birgima ba,
cewa kai tsarkakakke ne, ba tare da maski ba, ba tare da tabo ba.
Bari in baka duka… Ka zama komai, duka nawa!
Wancan siffar, wannan alherin, wannan ɗan ƙaramin ni'ima ne
na soyayya wannan shine sumbatar ku ... waɗannan hannayen, waɗannan idanun allahntaka
wannan dumi, fari, haske, kirji mai dadi,
har ma da kanka, ranka don jinƙai ya ba ni komai,
kar ka rike kwayar zarra ko na mutu,
Ko kuma idan zan ci gaba da rayuwa, kawai bawan ku mai ƙyamar
Manta, a cikin hazo na wahala mara amfani,
dalilan rayuwa, dandanon hankalina
ɓacewa cikin rashin nutsuwa, da kuma babban buri na!


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