Ga wanda ellararrawar olararrawa

Ga wanda ellararrawar olararrawa

Ga wanda ellararrawar olararrawa

Ga wanda ellararrawar olararrawa na ɗaya daga cikin fitattun littattafan marubucin nan ɗan Amurka kuma ɗan jaridar Ernest Hemingway. Asalinsa na asali cikin Turanci -Don Wanda Bell Tolls- An buga shi a cikin New York a cikin Oktoba 1940. A cikin 1999, aikin ya kasance cikin jerin "Littattafai 100 na karni", Jaridar Paris ta kirkira Le Monde.

Bayanin ya faru a shekara ta biyu na Yaƙin basasar Spain; a waccan lokacin, jarumarta tana rayuwa ne da labarin soyayya a tsakiyar rikici. Kyautar Novel ta Adabi ta kirkiro wannan littafin ne bisa gogewarsa ta kwarewar aiki a matsayinsa na wakilin yaki. Kari kan hakan, ya hada wasu batutuwa na kashin kansa, kamar kasarsa da kashe mahaifinsa. An buga littafin na Sifen a cikin 1942 a Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Takaitawa na Ga wanda ellararrawar olararrawa

Haruffa ta farko

Da sanyin safiyar ranar 30 ga Mayu, 1937, 'yan Jamhuriyyar Republican sun kai harin gaba na harin Segovia. Bayan nasarar harin, Janar Golz ya ba da muhimmiyar manufa ­Ba'amurke dan agaji da kwararre kan abubuwan fashewa, Robert Jordan da. An sanar dashi cewa dole ne ya busa gada don kaucewa yiwuwar afkawa da 'yan ƙasa.

An fara aiki

Ba’amurke ke zuwa Sierra de Guadarrama, sanya kusa da mahara maƙiyi, a can yana da jagorancin tsohon soja Anselmo. Robert dole ne ya tuntuɓi ƙungiyoyin ɓarna da ke cikin yankin don taimaka masa kan aikin. Da farko ya sadu da Pablo, wanda ke jagorantar gungun 'yan daba, amma wannan, a matakin farko, bai yarda da Jordan ba.

A cikin wannan taron akwai kuma matar Pablo - Pilar - wacce, bayan kin amincewa da abokin aikinta, ta bayyana kanta, ta shawo kan kungiyar kuma ta zama sabon shugaba. Kasancewa a can, Jordan ta haɗu da Maria, kyakkyawar budurwa wacce ke kula da shi a farkon gani. Yayinda suke shirin kai harin, ana haifar soyayya tsakanin su biyun, sosai Robert yayi fatan samun makoma tare da kyakkyawar mace.

Da wanda ...
Da wanda ...
Babu sake dubawa

Shirya haɓakawa

Tare da niyyar karfafa dabarun, Jordan ta tuntubi wasu kungiyoyin asiri da El Sordo ya jagoranta, wanda shi ma ya amince da hada kai. Daga wannan lokacin zuwa, Robert ya fara firgita, yayin da komai ya nufaci aikin kashe kansa. Don haka, wannan rukuni na masu kishin ƙasa suna aiwatar da maƙasudinsu tare da manufa ɗaya: don kare Jamhuriya daga 'yan fascists, da yin komai ba tare da la'akari da mutuwa a cikin faɗa ba.

Analysis of Ga wanda ellararrawar olararrawa

Tsarin da nau'in mai ba da labari

Da wanda dobNa ringa kararrawa labari ne na yaki wanda ya kunshi shafuka 494 da aka rarraba a cikin duka surori 43. Hemingway yayi amfani da masaniyar mutum na uku masani, Wanda ke gaya maƙarƙashiyar ta hanyar tunani da kwatancin mai ba da labarin.

Personajes

Robert Jordan da

Malamin Ba'amurke ne wanda shekara daya da ta gabata ya shiga gwagwarmayar Republican a yakin basasa. Ya ƙware a matsayin mai kuzari don haka dole ne ya aiwatar da muhimmiyar manufa a rikicin. A tsakiyar aiki ya ƙaunaci María, wanda ya sa ya canza ra'ayinsa game da rayuwa. Koyaya, duk waɗannan tunanin suna cike da yanayin mutuwa wanda ke kewaye da labarin.

María

Yarinya ce ‘yar shekaru 19 wacce kungiyar Pablo ta cece ta, shi ya sa ta zama matar Pilar. Ta sha wahala daga masu ra'ayin fascists, waɗanda suka aske ta kuma suka bar alamarsu. María ta ƙaunaci Robert, su duka biyun suna rayuwa mai ban sha'awa, tare da shirye-shirye da yawa tare, amma wannan makomar ta gaba saboda aikin da aka ba malamin Ba'amurke.

Anselm

Yana da shekaru 68, amintaccen aboki na Jordan, mai aminci ga manufofinsa da 'yan uwansa. Labari ne game da mahimmin hali a cikin tarihi, tunda godiya ga taimakon sa, jarumar tayi nasarar tuntuɓar Pablo.

Pablo

Shine shugaban kungiyar 'yan daba. Ya daɗe yana ƙwararren mai tsara dabaru, amma yana cikin rikici wanda ya kai shi ga samun matsaloli game da shaye-shaye, ya zama mai shakku da cin amana, shi ya sa ya rasa shugabancin gaban.

Pilar

Yana da Matar Pablo, mace ce mai ƙarfi, jaruma kuma mai faɗa; bayyanannu sosai a hukunce-hukuncenta. Duk da halin sa mai wahala, mutumin kirki ne wanda ke kwadaitar da wasu. A saboda wannan dalilin ne ba shi da wata matsala wajen ɗaukar ragamar ƙungiyar yayin fuskantar matsalolin Pablo.

Karbuwa

Bayan tasirin littafin, a shekarar 1943 fim din mai suna iri daya aka fitar da shi, wanda kamfanin Paramount Pictures ya shirya kuma Sam Wood ya ba da umarni. Manyan jaruman nata sune: Gary Cooper - wanda ya buga Robert Jordan - da Ingrid Bergman —wacce ta buga Maria. Harbe-harben ya kasance babban nasarar fim kuma ya karɓi gabatarwar Oscar tara.

Curiosities

Wakoki don girmama littafin

Importantungiyoyin mawaƙa guda uku sun yi kade-kade don girmama aikin. Waɗannan sune:

  • Bandungiyar Amurka ta Metallica ta gabatar a cikin 1984 waƙar "Ga Wanda ellararrawa olararrawa" na album ɗin Gudun Walƙiya
  • A shekarar 1993, kungiyar Birtaniyya ta Bee Gees ta fitar da wakar "Don Wanda Bell Tolls" a faifan tasu. Girman Ba ​​Komai bane
  • A cikin 2007, ƙungiyar Mutanen Espanya Los Muertos de Cristo sun kara zuwa kundin su Rhapsody Volume na II na Libertarian, taken: "Ga Wanda Bararrawa ke Kira"

Sunan labari

Hemingway mai taken littafin wahayi ne daga wani yanki da aka karbo daga aikin Ibada (1623) by mawaki John Donne. An yi wa gutsuren ɗin taken "Tare da jinkirin sautinsu suna cewa: za ku mutu", ɓangarensa ya ci gaba da cewa: "Mutuwar kowane mutum ta rage mini gwiwa saboda ina shiga cikin 'yan Adam; sabili da haka, kar a aika don tambaya ga wanda kararrawa ke karba; sun ninka maka ”.

Sobre el autor

Marubuci kuma ɗan jaridar nan Ernest Miller Hemingway an haife shi ne a ranar 21 ga Yuli, 1899 a Illinois (Amurka). Iyayensa sune Clarence Edmonds Hemingway da Grace Hall Hemingway, mutane masu daraja a Oak Park. A zangon karshe na karatunsa na sakandare, ya hada da ajin aikin jarida. A can ya yi rubuce-rubuce da yawa kuma a cikin 1916 ya sami nasarar buga ɗayan waɗannan a cikin jaridar makarantar The Trapeze.

Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway

A cikin 1917, ya fara kwarewarsa a matsayin ɗan jarida a jaridar Kansas City Star. Daga baya, ya halarci Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya a matsayin direban motar asibiti, amma ba da daɗewa ba ya koma ƙasarsa don aiki a wasu kafofin watsa labarai. A cikin 1937, an aike shi a matsayin wakilin yaƙi zuwa Spain, a can ya ga rikice-rikice da dama na lokacin kuma ya kwashe shekaru yana tafiya a duk faɗin duniya.

Hemingway ya haɗu da aikinsa na ɗan jarida tare da sha'awar marubuci, littafinsa na farko: Ruwan bazara, ya bayyana a cikin 1926. Ta haka ne ya gabatar da ayyuka goma sha biyu, wanda littafinsa na ƙarshe a rayuwa ya yi fice: Tsohon mutum da teku (1952). Godiya ga wannan labarin, marubucin ya karɓi kyautar Pulitzer a 1953 kuma an ba shi lambar yabo ta Nobel ta Adabi a 1954.

Littattafan marubuta

  • Ruwan Guguwar bazara (1926)
  • Rana ta tashi (1926)
  • Bankwana da Makamai (1929)
  • Samun kuma Basu da (1937)
  • Don Wanda Bell Tolls (1940).
  • Haye Kogin da kuma cikin Bishiyoyi (1950)
  • Tsoho da Tekun (1952)
  • Tsibiran da ke kwarara (1970)
  • Lambunan Adnin (1986)
  • Gaskiya a Haske na Farko (1999)

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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