Fa'idodi na kasancewa sananne

Fa'idodi na kasancewa sananne.

Fa'idodi na kasancewa sananne.

Ribobin zama filawan bango, asalin take a Turanci) littafin marubuci ne daga marubuci, Marubucin rubutun allo dan Amurka kuma darekta, Stephen Chbosky. An buga shi a cikin 1999 ta MTV Books, ya sami kyawawan lambobin ciniki. Koyaya, an dakatar da rubutun a cikin makarantu da yawa saboda ra'ayin marubucin game da lalata yara da gwajin magani.

An fitar da aikin zuwa kasuwar masu magana da Sifaniyanci ta gidan buga Alfaguara Juvenil, wanda Vanesa Pérez-Sauquillo ya fassara. A Spain ta bayyana da sunan «Fa'idodi na kasancewa sananne"; a Latin Amurka an inganta shi azaman «Fa'idodin zama marasa ganuwa». Hakanan, a lokacin faɗuwar shekarar 2012 an sake sakin fim mai ɗanɗano a ƙarƙashin jagorancin Chbosky kansa.

Sobre el autor

An haifi Stephen Chbosky ne a ranar 25 ga Janairu, 1970, a Pittsburg, Amurka Manyan tasirinsa sun hada da marubuta kamar JD Salinger, F. Scott Fitzgerald da Tennessee Williams. An kammala karatunsa na ilimi a Makarantar Hoto Hotuna a Jami'ar Kudancin California.

Gina

Ribobin zama filawan bango (1999) shi ne littafinsa na farko da aka buga. Bayan shekara guda ya zama mafi karantawa akan Littattafan MTV. Bugu da kari, bayyanar taken a cikin jerin littattafai 10 tare da mafi yawan ikirarin da Kungiyar Makarantar Lantarki ta Amurka ta yi, ya ba da gudummawa don kara sha'awar masu karatu.

Stephen Chbosky.

Stephen Chbosky.

Har ila yau A lokacin 2000, Chbosky ya sake shi Sassan, Tarihin gajerun labarai. A gefe guda, marubucin pensilvan ya sadaukar da kusan dukkanin rubutattun ayyukansa don ci gaban rubutun fim da talabijin, waɗanda aka nuna a ƙasa:

  • Hannun kusurwa huɗu (Fim mai zaman kanta wanda shi ma dan wasa ne kuma darakta; 1995).
  • Rent (rubutun fim; 2002).
  • Ribobin zama filawan bango (rubutun fim ɗin da aka fitar a 2012).
  • Yariko (jerin talabijin; 2006 - 2008).
  • Daidaita al'ada (jerin talabijin; 2013).
  • Kyakkyawa da dabba (rubutun fim; 2017).

Hujja daga Fa'idodi na kasancewa sananne

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Fa'idodi na kasancewa sananne

Charlie, babban halayen, mai jin kunya ne, mai kaɗaici, mai lura, mai kulawa da saurayi mai aminci. Babban abin da ya fi damunsa shi ne daidaitawa da yanayin makarantar sakandare ba tare da goyon bayan babban amininsa ba, Michael, wanda ya kashe kansa 'yan watanni kafin fara makaranta. Don shawo kan wannan asara, jarumar ta fara rubuta wasiƙu zuwa ga aboki.

Ta wannan hanyar, mai kallo ya san da kansa tunani da kuma hulɗar da yaron tare da ƙaunatattun membobin danginsa. Kazalika tare da rukunin abokansa na farko, wasu "sun rikice" kamar shi (amma daga shekarar da ta gabata). Tare da su zai rayu da abubuwan da ya fara fuskanta game da ƙwayoyi kuma zai fara fahimtar batutuwan da suka shafi jima'i da girma.

Tattaunawa, taƙaitaccen bayani da manyan haruffa

Iyalin

A farkon labarin Charlie yana da shekaru goma sha biyar kuma yana bayanin ta hanyar sadarwa ta wasiƙa - tare da mai karatu - yadda rayuwarsa take. Yanayin danginsa suna da karko da dumi (Ban da kakannin uwa tare da maganganun sa na wariyar launin fata da masu nuna wariyar launin fata). Mahaifiyar tana da kauna, har ma fiye da haka ba ta shawo kan mutuwar 'yar uwarta Helen, wanda ya faru a ranar haihuwar Charlie na bakwai.

Uba yana da kirki kuma yana da fahimta, kodayake a ciki yana fama da baƙin cikin matarsa. Babban dan uwan ​​Charlie ya kasance dan wasan kwallon kafa a makarantar sakandare kuma yana da matukar dacewa a cikin makircin saboda ya koya masa fada. 'Yar'uwarta Candace tana da sanannen saurayi mai iko (Derek) wanda ke mata ciki. Ta yanke shawarar zubar da cikin kuma Charlie ya bi ta zuwa asibitin.

Makarantar Sakandare da "Rashin dace"

A lokacin makarantar firamare, Charlie ya kasance kusa da Michael da budurwarsa, Susan. Amma bayan mutuwar Michael, sai ta yi nisa kuma ya zama ya kaɗaita. Baya ga malamin Ingilishi, Bill Anderson, Charlie bai iya yin hulɗa da wasu mutane ba. Aƙalla malamin ya ƙarfafa shi don haɓaka aikinsa na adabi, ƙari ma, ya ba shi ƙarin makala da kuma ba shi littattafan da ya fi so.

Don haka kwanaki suna shudewa har Charlie yayi abota da Patrick da takwaransa Sam, duka tsofaffi. Da sauri ya kamu da son ta, amma baya tunanin yana da wata dama. Duk da haka, 'yan uwan ​​sun gabatar da Charlie ga abokansu, ciki har da Mary Elizabeth, wanda zai zama budurwar Charlie ta farko.

Matsalolin samartaka

Charlie ya haɓaka kusanci da Sammusamman bayan samun labarin cin zarafin da ta sha tun tana yarinya. Amma ita budurwar Craig ce, kyakkyawa kuma ɗalibar kwaleji. A wannan bangaren, Patrick (wanda aka ayyana ɗan kishili) yana kulla kulla kulla kulla kulla kulla alaka da Brad (dan luwaxi a kabad), kwata kwata na kungiyar makaranta.

A ɗaya daga cikin ƙungiyoyin farko, Charlie ya faɗi bayan ya gwada LSD kuma ya ƙare a asibiti. Kodayake aikin karatunsa ya kasance babba, rayuwarsa ta sirri "bala'i ne ƙwarai" ... Charlie bai iya buɗe wa Mary Elizabeth ba (yana son rabuwa da ita). Madadin haka, yana nuna yadda yake ji a cikin mafi munin hanya: a tsakiyar wasa na “gaskiya ko ƙarfin hali” ya yanke shawarar sumbatar Sam.

Arangama

Charlie - kan shawarar Patrick - ficewa na ɗan lokaci daga rukunin abokai. Wasu kwanaki bayan, Brad ya nuna alamun bugun mahaifinsa sosai (bayan kama shi yana sumbatar Patrick). Daga baya, a cikin gidan cin abinci na makarantar, abokan karatun Brad suka yiwa Patrick rauni. Charlie ya ceci abokinsa kuma yayi barazanar Brad ya fadawa kowa gaskiya.

Bayan bayanan gidan abinci, an karɓi Charlie cikin ƙungiyar. A yanzu haka Mary Elizabeth ta sami sabon saurayi. Ba da daɗewa ba, Sam ya rabu da Craig saboda rashin amincinsa. A ƙarshe, shekarar makaranta ta ƙare kuma tsofaffi suna biki. Charlie ya bayyana jin daɗi, kodayake a ciki bai damu da fitowar abokansa ba.

Matsalolin da suka gabata sun bayyana

Charlie ya kasance koyaushe a cikin abokinsa Michael a bayyane yake game da yadda baya son ƙarewa (baƙin ciki, kashe kansa). Koyaya, lokacin da Sam ke tattara kayansa don kwaleji, tana fuskantar sa. Yana gaya muku cewa ba za ku iya sanya jin daɗin wasu a gaban naku kowane lokaci ba.

A wannan lokacin Charlie da Sam sun sumbace… ta taba kwarjinsa; ba shi da kwanciyar hankali kuma ya gaya mata cewa bai shirya yin jima'i ba. A wannan daren Charlie ya yi mafarki (ya tuna) cewa mahaifiyarsa Helen ta shaƙata shi ta wannan hanyar. Lokacin da Charlie ya fahimci azabar lalata da ya sha yayin yarintarsa, yana fama da raunin damuwa.

Rayuwa taci gaba

In ji Stephen Chbosky.

In ji Stephen Chbosky.

A cikin ɗayan haruffa, Charlie ya ba da labarin cewa iyayensa sun same shi a cikin wani yanayi na kwanciyar hankali a kan shimfiɗa a gida. Sakamakon haka, an shigar da shi a asibitin mahaukata. Tare da taimakon likitocin asibiti da goyon bayan danginsa, Charlie ya sami damar yafe ma goggon sa. Da zarar an sallame shi, sai ya yanke shawarar daina rubuta wasiƙu ... Lokaci yayi da ya kamata ya nutsar da kansa sosai a rayuwarsa.

Gyara fim

Fa'idodin zama marasa ganuwa fim ne da masu yabo da jama'a suka yaba dashi sosai. Stephen Chbosky ne ya jagoranci shi kansa, ya fito da wani fim din da Logan Lerman (Charlie) ya fito, Emma Watson (Sam) da Ezra Miller (Patrick). Dangane da bita na musamman, masu zane-zanen da aka ambata suna da cikakkiyar daidaituwa ga kwatancen zahiri da halayyar haruffa.

Sauran 'yan wasan da suka dace su ne Paul Rudd (Farfesa Anderson), Melanie Lynskey (Anti Helen), Johnny Simmons (Brad), Mae Withman (Mary Elizabeth) da Reece Thompson (Craig). Kazalika Dylan McDermott, Kate Walsh, Zane Holtz da Nina Dovrev, waɗanda ke wakiltar iyayen Charlie da ‘yan’uwa, bi da bi.

Bambanci tsakanin littafin da fim din

Kasancewa fim mai fasali wanda mawallafin littafin ya rubuta kuma ya jagoranta, canje-canjen labaran ba su da yawa. Bambancin mafi mahimmanci shine nauyin dangin Charlie, wanda ya fi girma a cikin littafin. Hakanan yana faruwa tare da rawar wasu haruffa na biyu - kamar su Bob mai siyar da marijuana, alal misali - yana da mahimmanci ga saƙon saƙon gabaɗaya.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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