Eduardo Mendoza: Tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafai

Tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Eduardo Mendoza

Wanda ya lashe kyautar Planeta a 2010 da Cervantes Prize a 2016, Eduardo Mendoza na ɗaya daga cikin manyan marubutan spanish na lokacinmu. Kai tsaye ba tare da bata lokaci ba, salon ya zana kan tsararrun da ke binciken abubuwan da suka yadu na yarenmu, galibi suna tare da labaran wasu haruffa a cikin duniyar da ba a fahimta ba ko kuma, a'a, ƙasar Sifen da aka gani ta fuskoki daban-daban. Mun nutsar da kanmu a cikin tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Eduardo Mendoza. Zaka zo?

Tarihin rayuwar Eduardo Mendoza

Eduardo Mendoza mai sanya hoto

An haife shi a Barcelona a ranar 11 ga Janairu, 1943, Eduardo Mendoza ɗa ne ga mai gabatar da ƙara, Eduardo Mendoza Arias-Carvajal, da kuma matar gida, Cristina Garriga Alemany, wanda kuma ita 'yar'uwar masanin tarihi Ramón Garriga Alemany. Bayan ya yi karatu a makarantun addini daban-daban, ya kammala karatun Lauya daga Jami’ar Kwarewa ta Barcelona a 1965 sannan ya zagaya Turai, a wancan lokacin ya sami gurbin karatu don nazarin ilimin zamantakewar dan Adam a Landan, sannan aikinsa na mai ba da shawara na wani lokaci a Spain har sai a shekarar 1973 damar ta fara aiki kamar yadda Mai fassara na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Amurka.

Zai kasance a cikin wannan ƙasar da zan yi posting littafinsa na farko kuma mafi shahara, Gaskiya game da Savolta Affair, wanda mutane da yawa suka ɗauka azaman aikin hangen nesa, tunda shine farkon wanda ya fara nuna alamun canjin siyasa wanda za'a tabbatar da shi bayan lateran watanni tare da mutuwar Franco. Wani fasali na farko ya zama mafi kyawun mai sayarwa wanda ya tabbatar da ikon marubucin don bayyana gaskiyar Sifen daga wani fanni da hangen nesa, musamman na birni a Barcelona ya zama zane ga yawancin ayyukansa. Wannan labari ya sami shi Kyautar masu sukar a 1976.

Shekaru uku bayan haka, littafin Asirin fatalwar fatalwa, mai hade da barkwanci da littafin gothic, yaci gaba da nasarar littafin nasa na baya don fara sabon saga: na jami'in bincike mara suna wanda shima zai taka rawa a cikin kundin guda biyu, Labyrinth of Olive (1982), The Adventure of the Ladies ' Toilet (2001) da Rikicin jaka da rayuwa (2012).

Bayan ya dawo Spain a 1983, Mendoza ya ci gaba da aiki a matsayin mai fassara a cikin garinsa na Barcelona da sauran biranen kamar Vienna ko Geneva. Aiki wanda koyaushe ya haɗu tare da buga ayyukansa, kasancewa Garin almubazzaranci, wanda aka ƙaddamar a cikin 1986, ɗayan ya ɗauki gwanintarsa, ko kuma mai ban sha'awa Babu labarai daga gurb, labarin da aka buga a hankali a El País a lokacin isowar wani baƙo zuwa Barcelona a cikin watannin kafin gasar wasannin Olympics ta 1992.

A cikin 1995 ya fara koyarwa a Jami'ar Pompeu Fabra, a Barcelona, ​​yana haɗa ayyukansa da rubutu da gwaji tare da wasu nau'ikan nau'ikan kamar taƙaitaccen labari, labarin, ko ma gidan wasan kwaikwayo. Duk wannan yana ba da labari mai ban dariya da izgili wanda ke haifar da wani littafi wanda ba za a iya kuskure shi ba kuma salon da za'a iya gane shi kwata-kwata.

Baya ga kyautar da aka ambata a sama na Masu sukar lamiri, Mendoza ta sami lambobin yabo kamar su Kyautar Kafka, Kyautar Medici, Kyautar Mujallar Elle, Kyautar Gidauniyar José Manuel Lara, Kyautar Cervantes ko Kyautar Planeta, wanda ya ci nasara ƙarƙashin sunan ɓarna Ricardo Medina tare da littafinsa Riña de gato. Madrid 1976.

Mai hazaka da aiki, fitowar Mendoza ta ƙarshe shine Las barbas del propeta, sake duba wurare dabam dabam daga Baibul.

Mafi kyawun littattafai na Eduardo Mendoza

Gaskiya game da shari'ar Savolta

Gaskiya game da shari'ar Savolta

An buga aikin Mendoza na farko lokacin da yake zaune a Amurka, yana sauya fasalin al'adun Spain da zamantakewar jama'a saboda rikitarwarsa. Duk da take Sojojin Catalonia, taken da mulkin kama karya na Franco ya ƙi amincewa da shi, sabon sunan bai zama matsala ba wajen yin babban tasiri. Jarumin, Javier Miranda, wani matashi ne Valladolid wanda ya tashi zuwa Barcelona don neman aiki a cikin 1918, wani lokaci mai wahala a Barcelona saboda tawayen da ke fitowa daga azuzuwan karatun da kuma kai hari na bourgeoisie ta hanyar 'yan daba. An buga littafin ne 'yan watanni kaɗan kafin mutuwar Franco, inda ya ci Kyautar Masu sukar bayan shekara guda.

Kuna so ku karanta Gaskiya game da shari'ar Savolta?

Asirin fatalwar fatalwa

Asirin fatalwar fatalwa

An buga kashin farko na jerin sunayen masu binciken wanda ba a san su ba a cikin 1979 bayan lokacin da Mendoza da kansa ya yanke shawarar ɓatar da lokaci daga Spain don "nishaɗi" rubuce-rubuce. Wannan shine yadda wannan hodgepodge na gothic da kuma baki labari inda Kwamishina Flores, wanda ke binciken batan wata yarinya daga uwayen Lazarist, ya ƙare da taimakon wani mai laifi da fewan fitilu waɗanda ke tsare a kurkuku tsawon shekaru biyar. Matsayi na farko a cikin saga na littattafai huɗu da aka buga har zuwa 2012.

Kun karanta Asirin fatalwar fatalwa?

Babu labarai daga gurb

Babu labarai daga gurb

Daya daga cikin Shahararrun litattafan Mendoza kuma ɗayan waɗanda suka fi dacewa a cikin sanannun al'adu shine wannan labarin mai ban sha'awa wanda aka buga ta cikin labarai a El País da wanda aka saita a cikin kwanaki kafin a fara wasannin Olympic na Barcelona. Labarin da ke ba da labarin wani baƙo ya zo daga wata duniyar don neman Gurb, wani baƙon da ya ɓoye a Barcelona ƙarƙashin jikin Marta Sánchez. Cikakken uzuri don yin tafiya mai ban mamaki da kyakkyawar Spain ta wurare daban-daban da mashahurai daga lokaci da sarari.

Karka rasa Babu labarai daga gurb.

Garin almubazzaranci

Garin almubazzaranci

An buga shi a cikin 1986 kuma nan take ya zama ɗaya daga manyan ayyukan Eduardo Mendoza, Garin almubazzaranci An saita shi a cikin Garin Barcelona tsakanin hanyar Exposition ta Duniya da aka gudanar a cikin 1888 da 1829. Lokacin da Onofre Vouvila ya haɓaka, saurayi mai tawali'u wanda yake wakiltar waɗancan ƙananan rukunin garin tsakanin farfaganda ta ɓarna da sayar da haɓakar gashi cewa, Bayan ya yi Amfani da wayoyinsa da rashin ƙwarewarsa, ya ƙare zama ɗaya daga cikin mawadata a cikin Sifen. Radiography na wani zamani wanda Mario Camus ya daidaita zuwa babban allo a cikin 1999.

Cat fada. Madrid 1936.

Katar ta yaki Madrid a 1936

Aikin da ya daga Mendoza azaman wanda ya lashe kyautar ta Planeta a 2010 An saita shi a Madrid a farkon Yakin Basasa, wani fage wanda Baturen Ingila Anthony Whitelands ya bayyana, wanda ya zo don gano darajar zanen mallakar Primo de Rivera kuma hakan na iya canza yanayin babban yaƙi a ƙasarmu. kasar ko'ina cikin karni na XNUMX. A matsayin abin dariya sakamakon masifar, marubucin ya samar da ingantaccen aiki, wanda ya cancanci yabo.

Karanta Cat fada?

Menene, a ra'ayin ku, da mafi kyawun littattafai na Primo de Rivera?

 


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