Don Quixote, tsakanin hankali da hauka

Hoton Don Quixote.

Hoton almara Don Quixote de La Mancha.

Don Quixote hakika aiki ne mafi mahimmanci a cikin yaren Spanish na kowane lokaci. Hanyar da Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra ya ɗauka maƙarƙashiyar kuma ya nuna sukar da ya yi wa al'ummar ƙarni na XNUMX a Spain ta hanyar hauka na mai bayyana ta, shi ne kawai gwaninta.

Tun daga farko mun sami mutumin da ya rasa hankalinsa daga yawan rubutun chivalric kuma ya tafi ne bayan cin nasara da ƙattai da kuma ceton rescuan mata da ba su buƙace shi ba. Amma menene yawan hauka a cikin Don Quixote? Gaskiyar ita ce, abin da Cervantes ya nema, tare da abin da ya zama kamar labari mai sauƙi, don bayyana gaskiyar da ke kwance a cikin alaƙar ɗan adam mai rikitarwa na wani lokaci na musamman a cikin ƙasar Sifen.

Mahaukaci daga La Mancha ko uzuri?

Idan wani abu ya tsaya a waje Miguel de Cervantes da SaavedraYa kasance cikin hankali da sagacity wajen bayyana kansa da alkalaminsa. Haukatar Quixote, to, ba komai bane face hujja don sakin abin da ya ajiye a baya bayan rashin adalci da yawa kiyaye kuma ya rayu, bayan yaƙe-yaƙe, bayan hotuna da yawa na rashin daidaito, bayan wanzu kanta.

Cervantes ya zurfafa cikin aikinsa a cikin abin rufe fuska, a cikin rawar da kowannensu zai ɗauka a cikin wannan mummunan lamarin wanda shine rayuwa. Ba a banza ba a cikin ɗaya daga cikin tattaunawar mai martaba Quixote ya bayyana waɗannan masu zuwa:

“Wani rufine, wani makaryaci ne, wannan shine dan kasuwa, cewa soja, wani mai saukin kai, wani mai saukin kai; kuma bayan wasan barkwanci da cire rigunanta, duk masu yin karatun suna nan kamar yadda suke ”.

Labarinsa shine, to, babban madubi ne na yawan munafunci a cikin al'umma, na yanzu, da suka gabata da wanda zai zo.  Mahaukaci wani nau'in halaye ne na yau da kullun, wani mahaluki wanda dole ne ya ɗauki matsayi daban-daban har lokacin aikinsa ya cika.

Miguel de Cervantes da Saavedra.

Hoton Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra.

Dawowar hankali

A ƙarshe Alonso Quijano, bayan fuskantar tsananin dodo wanda shine zamantakewar ɗan adam, ya dawo cikin nutsuwa. Yanzu, muna magana ne game da ni'ima wacce ke karɓar komai lokacin da mutuwa ta kusa, samfurin ƙasa na tafiya doguwar tafiya da ke fuskantar aljanun ciki da waje. Wataƙila mafi mahimmancin koyarwa shine cewa jarumin yana bayyana gaskiyar yau da kullun kasancewar, wannan madubin da duk muke gani, amma da yawa sunyi shiru.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Estelio Mario Pedreañez m

    Don Quixote ba ya ƙunshe da babban zargi game da Spain na lokacin Cervantes, zargi ne ga duk Kiristocin Turai da kuma Tsohon Tsarin Mulki ƙarni uku kafin Juyin Juya Halin Faransa, ba tare da wata shakka Cervantes ya kasance mai hankali mai neman sauƙin bayyana kansa ba kafin ikon hallakar da Inquisition (wanda ba kawai ya wanzu kuma ya danne a Spain ba) da kotunan Masarauta, saboda a wancan lokacin "Adalci" na "Sarki ne."