Charles Dickens. Sauran ƙananan littattafan da marubucin Ingilishi ya sani

Kamar yadda kowa ya sani (ko ya kamata) yau shine Charles dickens ranar haihuwa, marubucin marubucin litattafan Ingilishi kuma daya daga cikin mafi girma da mahimmanci a adabin duniya. An haifeshi Fabrairu 7, 1812 a Portsmouth kuma wasu shahararrun ayyukansa sune David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, Labarin Garuruwa Biyu, Labarin Kirsimeti y Babban fata. Amma kuma yana da wasu karami da aka sani littattafai zan sake nazari. Wadannan su ne:

Charles Dickens

Babu shakka shi ne mafi yawan fahimta da bayar da labarai a zamaninsa. Kuma ya kasance babban malami mai ci gaba wajen haɓaka nau'ikan labarin, wanda shi ma ya ba shi abun dariya da ban dariya, ban da wani sosai mai suka mai kaifi ga jama'a.

Gothic dickens

Ya kuma nuna sha'awa a ciki abubuwan ban mamaki, mai ban mamaki kuma tare da ma'anar macabre. Kuma ba tare da wata shakka ba sanannen aikinsa sanannen labarin fatalwa ne. Don haka don fara wannan zaɓi na ƙananan littattafan sanannun, wannan taken yana tafiya.

Don karantawa da yamma

Ya ƙunshi 13 daga cikin sanannun labaran fatalwa rubuta Dickens kamar yadda Fatalwar a dakin amarya, Shari’ar kisan kai, Mai sigina, Fatalwar Kirsimeti, Kyaftin din kisan gilla da yarjejeniya tare da Iblis, Ziyartar mai wasiyya o Gidan fatalwa, a tsakanin wasu.

Matafiyi Dickens

Italia bugawa

Sakamakon kusan ne shekara ta tafiya a Italiya a cikin 1844. Dickens ya yi ikirarin nuna ba kawai saitin tarihi da bayanan rubutu ba, amma a mai kuzari mai sanyi na wuraren da aka ziyarta.

Bayanan kula akan Amurka

A cikin 1842 Charles Dickens da matarsa ​​suka hau kan Britannia zuwa san Amurka. Tafiya, na watanni shida, ya jagorance su zuwa Boston, Nueva York y Washington, a tsakanin sauran biranen.

Marubucin yayi a cikakken bayani nuna al'umma a cikin cikakkiyar ci gaban masana'antar ta, shari'a da kuma tsarin kiwon lafiyar ta, da kuma nuna darajar mulkin ƙasar nan gaba. Don haka, wannan kwatancen yana da karimci idan ya haskaka bangarorin da ya yi fice idan aka kwatanta da Ingila na lokacinta. Amma kuma kushe gaskiyar abubuwa zuwa ci gaba ko rashin adalci, kamar bauta.

Misali:

BOSTON

Duk cibiyoyin gwamnati a Amurka suna da halin girma da ladabi. Yawancin namu na iya fuskantar batun ci gaba sosai game da wannan, amma yana sama da duk gidan Kwastam ɗin da yakamata ya ɗauki babban misali don zama mai ƙarancin fushi da ƙiyayya ga baƙi. Kodayake tsananin son kai na jami'an Faransa abin ƙyama ne, amma mutanenmu suna nuna halin rashin ɗabi'a da rashin ladabi, rashin daɗi ga duk wanda ya zo gare su, ba su cancanci al'ummar da ke sanya waɗannan mutanan da ba su dace ba a kansu.
Lokacin da na isa Amurka, na yi matukar mamakin irin bambancin da hakan ke nunawa da al'adunsu da kuma kulawa, ladabi, da kuma baƙi na waɗannan jami'an da ke bakin aiki.

Halin ladabi

Madam Lirriper

Ya kasance cikin nasara sosai. Dickens ne ya kirkiro wannan halin don mujallar ku Duk Zagayen Shekara. Misis Lirriper, lokacin da mijinta ya mutu cike da bashi, ta buɗe Dakunan kwanan dalibai a titin Norfolk Street na 81, Landan, don biyan masu bin sa bashi da fara sabuwar rayuwa. Kuma a can suka yi fareti mai tsawo gallery na gaske haruffa dickensianDaga Goliath mai hikima zuwa Dokta Bernard, wanda ke taimaka wa waɗanda ke tsananin yunƙurin kashe kansu a lokacin cin abincin dare.

Tarihin dickens

Barnaby rudge

Yawanci an kiyasta kamar daya daga cikin litattafan tarihi guda biyu wanda Dickens ya rubuta, yana sama da duka kayan melodrama mai duhu tare da aikata laifi da asiri. Yana faruwa tsakanin 1775 da 1780, kwanan wata tarzoma ta Gordon, wanda aka bayyana a cikin aikin. Ya ƙunshi jigogi biyu da Dickens ya fi so: the laifuka masu zaman kansu da kuma tashin hankalin jama'a.

Don haka muna da bangare na farko inda ake da'awar asesinato na Reuben Haredale, makircin duhu wanda ya haɗa kan aristocrats Haredale da Chester, abokan gaba na har abada.

Kuma bangare na biyu ci gaba da Tarzomar Gordon, tawayen da Lord Gordon ya gabatar kan Katolika na Burtaniya, wanda ya shafi taron jama'a da halaye daban-daban, daga gare su ne yake fitar da kyawawan halaye da rashin tausayi.

Mafari Dickens

Takardun Mudfog

Rubutun da aka tattara a cikin wannan kundin (kuma ana magana akan wasu batutuwa masu sha'awa, ban da Society of the peculiar da almara almara Mudfog) an buga asali a cikin mujallar Bentley ta Miscellany tsakanin 1837 da 1939. Ya kasance a lokaci mai mahimmanci a rayuwar sirri da ƙwarewar Dickens, wanda har yanzu ya sanya hannu a ƙarƙashin sunan Boz, kuma shi ne editanta. A ciki, marubuci ya daina kasancewa marubucin farko kuma ya fara jin daɗin nasara da nasara. Waɗannan matani an buga su a matsayin littafi a cikin 1880, shekaru goma bayan rasuwarsa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Gustavo Woltmann ne adam wata m

    Ban san waɗannan littattafan Dickens ba, zai yi kyau mu kalle su.
    - Gustavo Woltmann.

bool (gaskiya)