Binciken «Campos de Castilla»

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"Campos de Castilla" Shine sanannen sanannen sanannen mawaƙin Sevillian Antonio Machado kuma an buga shi a cikin 1912, kodayake daga baya an faɗaɗa shi shekaru biyar bayan haka, a cikin 1917. A cikin wannan aikin hotunan suna da gaske kuma ba su da alama fiye da littattafan da suka gabata na wannan Marubucin da shimfidar wurare sun faɗi abubuwa da yawa game da marubucin da kansa, ɗan adam gaba ɗaya da tarihin Spain.

A zahiri, da lalata kasar ana jinsa a cikin kwatancin marubucin na wasu wurare ko ma halin wasu mutane. Asirin rayuwa ko ma tunanin addini wasu jigogi ne a cikin wani littafi mai zurfin gaske wanda Machado ya fallasa ransa gaba daya ya bayyana duk abin da ke damun shi ko yake damunsa ta hanyar da ta dace.

Mutuwar masoyiyarsa Leonor ana ji a cikin bakwai daga cikin baitocin da suka yi littafin. Ari da haka, ɗayan da kuma hangen nesan suna haifar da daɗaɗɗan azaba da ƙwarewa waɗanda aka wakilta musamman a cikin "Misalai". "Misalai da Wakoki" a dunkule suna kusa da falsafar Gabas ta fuskar takaitawa da nuna kauna, wadanda wani lokacin sukan tuna da wakokin Japan ko na China.

Hakanan a cikin littafin akwai ingantacciyar soyayya mai suna da ake kira "Alasar Alvargonzález", na yanayin labari wanda ake nuna damuwar mutum, a cikin wani labari wanda buri da kwaɗayi basa fahimtar brotheran uwantaka.

A ƙarshe za mu ce ban da hanyoyi, koguna da tekuna sune manyan abubuwa biyu alamomin na aiki, kasancewar rayuwar koguna da tekuna sun yi daidai da wani abu cikakke kuma mara iyaka a cikin abin da wasu masu sukar suka yi imani da ganin siffar Allah.

Wurin Campos de Castilla

Halin aikin Campos de Castilla yana faruwa a cikin Castilla, musamman a wani ƙauye, Vinuesa da Muedra, kusa da Cidones. A zahiri, akwai garuruwa da yawa da aka ambata, musamman ta ƙarami wanda shi ne wanda ya yi balaguro a duniya kuma ya sake dawowa gida. Ba a san takamaiman lokacin da labarin ya faru ba, amma ya ba mu wani ɓangaren tarihi wanda aka rayu a ciki dangane da sallamawa, al'adu da rayuwar mazan jiya. A cikin ta, girmamawa da girmamawa abubuwa ne masu mahimmancin gaske da ke bayyana mutane.

Bugu da kari, marubucin ya ba da shawarar cewa maganganu ko tattaunawa da matan su na iya shafar ayyukan maza, saboda haka shakku game da hakikanin wane ne ra'ayin kawo karshen mahaifin dangi.

A cikin tarihin tarihi, abin da ya faru ta wata hanya yana canza haruffa a cikin wasan kwaikwayon, yana tsara yadda suke kasancewa da daidaitawa ga abin da suka aikata.

Ta yaya Antonio Machado Campos de Castilla ya rubuta

An rubuta Campos de Castilla a cikin mutum na uku. Tana da mai ba da labari wanda shi ne yake ba da labarin ba tare da ba da wani ra'ayi ko ji game da abin da ke faruwa ba, kodayake lokacin da aka sake duba abin da ya rubuta, yana bayyana abin da yake ji a cikin rufin asiri.

Jumlolin gajere ne kuma masu wayewa sosai. Ban da kwatanci, komai yana neman fadin abubuwa da yawa tare da 'yan kalmomi. Wannan saboda aiki ne a cikin ayoyi, don haka ya zama dole ne a sarrafa shi ta hanyar ma'aunin soyayya.

Da farko, makircin labarin abin birgewa ne da sauri, amma marubucin yayi hakan ne don ya isa ga kisan tunda, daga can, dukkan aikin yana mai da hankali ne akan wannan kisan da kuma sakamakon da yake da shi ga haruffan.

Game da aikin kuwa, ya kasu kashi 10, kowane daya mai taken ta wata hanya wacce take matsayin share fagen gaya abin da za a ruwaito a cikin kowane ɗayansu.

Yan wasan Campos de Castilla

Aikin Antonio Machado Yana da ɗan gajarta, duk da haka, wannan baya hana cewa akwai haruffa da yawa waɗanda suka zama abin lura kuma cewa ya dace a sani, ba kawai a matakin jiki ba (wani abu da baya bayyana da yawa), amma a cikin, don sanin menene motsa kowane ɗayan.

Don haka, daga cikinsu akwai:

ALVARGONZÁLEZ

Babu shakka wannan shine jaririn farkon ɓangaren aikin, kuma mahaifin wasu haruffa. Ba yana nufin cewa kawai ya bayyana a farkon ba, amma kuma ya bayyana a sashi na biyu, amma ta ruhaniya ko ma ta fatalwa.

Halin da marubucin ya ba Alvargonzález shine na a mutumin da yake neman yin duk abin da zai yiwu domin iyalinsa su sami lafiya kuma kada ku rasa komai. A gare shi, iyali shine mafi mahimmanci. Kari akan haka, muna magana ne game da mutum mai gaskiya da soyayya da nasa.

Mata

Matar Alvargonzález ba ta da wakilcin wakilci a Campos de Catilla, amma ta fi ta sakandare. Bugu da kari, yayin da labarin ya ci gaba, kodayake ana ganin sa a lokuta daban-daban, gaskiyar ita ce marubucin ya kara shi a bakin cikin rashin mijinta da aka kashe.

Tabbas, ana iya ganin wannan ta wata hanyar, tunda idan kafin mu ce Alvargonzález mutum ne wanda ya ba da komai ga iyalinsa, kuma yana soyayya, gaskiyar cewa matarsa ​​ta rasa shi kuma ana iya fassara shi da cewa ya yi asara ma'anar rayuwa, ga mutumin da ya ƙaunace shi kuma ya ƙaunace shi sosai, wanda bai san ci gaba ba tare da shi.

Juan

Juan shine ɗan fari, ɗan fari. Amma kuma daya daga cikin wadanda suka kashe mahaifinsa. Duk da irin wannan soyayyar da hakan ya bashi, marubucin ya riga ya wakilci halin da ba ku da kyakkyawar fahimta a tare da shi. Yana magana game da shi yana ba shi kwatankwacin kwalliyar kwalliya da ɗabi'a kaɗan.

A cikin tarihi, wannan halin yana fama da mummunan ƙaddararsa, ko ta yaya Antonio Machado ya jagorantar da shi zuwa ga faɗin "wanda ya aikata shi, ya biya shi."

Martin

Shi ne ɗa na biyu na Alvargonzález, kuma shi ma ɗayan masu kisan mahaifinsa ne. Bugu da ƙari, Machado ya gabatar da halin "mara kyau" wanda ba ku da tausayi tare da shi amma maimakon tuhuma. Tare da idanu masu wuyar fahimta da kyawawan ɗabi'u, yana da ƙarewa ɗaya da na baya.

Miguel

Miguel shine ƙaramin ɗan gidan. Har zuwa wannan lokacin, bai zauna tare da su ba amma, bayan tattaunawa game da makomarsa, tunda ba ya son zama mai zuhudu, ya bar gida. Lokacin da ya dawo, abubuwa suna aiki.

Surukai

A cikin wannan aikin, kuma matan yara suna da wasu mahimmanciAmma kawai kayan haɗi ne tare da halaye iri ɗaya da na mazajensu. A hakikanin gaskiya, marubucin bai ba su yawan murya ko kuri'a ba.

Me marubucin yake son isarwa a matsayin ƙarshe?

Duba kan Campos de Castilla

Campos de Castilla ba kawai wasan kwaikwayo ba ne wanda ake ba da labarin kisan kai. Yana magana ne game da labarin wanda cibiyar sa kisan kai ne, amma kuma akwai adalcin Allah, ma’ana, idan wani ya aikata mummunan aiki, ko ba dade ko ba jima za a sami horo a kansa.

Don haka, muna iya cewa Campos de Castilla misali ne na jimla ta musamman «wanda ya aikata ta, ya biya ta», inda bayan kisan kai, masu kisan kansu da kansu sun ƙare da shan nasu maganin tunda ba su cimma abin da suke so da farko ba.

Koyaya, Machado ba wai kawai yana mai da hankali kan wannan batun ba, har ma yana magana ne game da wasu, a wataƙila mafi mayafin hanya, kamar "cutar rashin kauna" ta ɓangaren mahaifiya wacce idan mijinta ya rasa, sai ta yi baƙin ciki; ko hassada da hassada akan yaran da suke tsokanar kashe uba.

Ko da a ƙarshe, marubucin yi magana game da nadama game da abin da suka aikata.

Me yasa dole ku karanta Campos de Castilla

Campos de Castilla littafi ne da yake ƙoƙari bayyana yadda kowane irin aiki, mai kyau ko mara kyau, ke da sakamako. Babban abin mamaki shine babu shakka kisan mahaifin a hannun childrena ownansa, da kuma yadda "aiwatar da su" a ƙarshe ta hanyar "shari'ar Allah."

Koyaya, ba a lura da yadda labarin ƙaramin ɗan ya canza. Ya bar gida saboda yana son bin zuciyarsa kuma mahaifinsa ya yanke shawarar ba shi gadonsa don yin duk abin da yake so. Don haka, yana zuwa duba duniya kuma ya dawo, ba matalauta ba, amma mai farin ciki da wadatarwa ta fuskar al'adu da farin ciki. Saboda haka, waɗannan ayyukan da suke da kyau, suna da ladarsu a cikin littafin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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