"Matsalar Duhu" ta Philip Pullman. Abinda za'a iya amfani dashi na kowane zamani.

Duhu Matsala

Na kwanan nan na tuna da bala'in fim karbuwa na Duhu al'amari by Philip Pullman (tunda littafin farko kawai aka harba, da sunan Gwanin Zinare), kuma na ji ya kamata in fasa mashi don son abin da nake so tun ina yaro, har ma da girma. Don haka, bari mu kalli juzu'i uku a cikin wannan rubutun, kuma me yasa suke da ban sha'awa.

Hasken Arewa

'Iorek Byrnison ya ajiye gilashin ya tafi ƙofar don kallon fuskar tsohon, amma Farder Coram bai yi jujjuya ba.
"Na san wanda kake nema, za ka bi bayan masu yankan," amsar beyar ta ce. Jiya kafin jiya sun bar garin don matsawa arewa, tare da ƙarin yara. Babu wanda zai gaya muku komai game dasu, mutane suna rufe idanunsu saboda masu yanke yara suna basu kuɗi da ciniki mai kyau. Amma tunda bana son masu yanke yara, zan amsa muku yadda ya kamata. Idan na tsaya anan in sha giya, saboda mutanen kasar nan sun cire makami na kuma ba tare da kirji ba na iya farautar hatimai, amma ba zuwa yaki. Ni mai sulke ne, a wurina yaƙi shine tekun da nake iyo da iska da nake shaƙa. Mutanen wannan birni suna ba ni giya kuma suna bari na sha har sai na yi barci, amma sun cire abin ɗamata. Idan na san inda suka ajiye shi, da sai in birkita garin gaba daya don dawo da shi. Idan kana son samun ayyukana, farashin da zaka biya shine: mayar min da ƙyallen nono. Ina son rigar nono na, to ba zan bukaci wani karin barasa ba. "

Philip Pullman, "Hasken Arewa."

Firstarar farko na Duhu al'amari mai taken, sosai dace, Hasken Arewa, kuma yana jigilar mu zuwa wata duniya ta daban tare da wasu halaye karafa. Koyaya, mafi mahimmanci a cikin wannan duniyar shine cewa ran mutane baya cikin jikinsu, amma a waje. Waɗannan “rayukan” ana kiransu daemon, ƙungiyoyin da ke ɗaukar bayyanar zoomorphic, kuma waɗanda ke wakiltar halayen mutum.

Zan iya yin doguwar magana game da makircin, amma ya isa in faɗi haka a cikin wannan labarin Lyra belacqua, mai gabatarwa, dole ne yayi tafiya daga Oxford zuwa Far North. Wannan shi ne mafi girman adadin saga ga yara da matasa, tunda labari ne mai nishadi mai nishadi, tare da halayya masu kwarjini irin su polar bear Iorek Byrnison. Duk da komai, yana da mahimmin juzu'i mai ban sha'awa, duka a matakin falsafa da metaphysical.

Dagger

Ruta Skadi tana da shekaru ɗari huɗu da goma sha shida kuma tana da girman kai da ilimin wata tsohuwar mayya. Kodayake yana da hikima fiye da yadda kowane ɗan adam zai iya tarawa a gajeriyar rayuwarsa, bai fahimci yadda yarinta ya bayyana tare da waɗannan tsoffin halittun ba. Kuma ba ta yi tsammanin cewa sanin waɗannan halittu ya wuce ta ba, kamar filafon filamentous, ga mafi ƙarancin rikice-rikicen halittu waɗanda ba ta ma yi mafarkin wanzuwar su ba; kuma ba cewa ya gansu da siffar mutum ba kawai don suna tsammanin ganin idanunsa. Da a ce an tsinkaye su da ainihin zahirinsu, da sun yi kama da gine-gine fiye da kwayoyin, wani irin manya-manyan gine-ginen da suka kunshi hankali da ji. "

Philip Pullman, "Dagger."

Na biyu girma, Dagger, yana gabatar da mu cikakke cikin yawa na Pullman, tare da sabon jarumi na duniyarmu, Za, wanda ke da abu wanda za'a iya tafiya zuwa wasu girman dashi. Yawancin ra'ayoyin da aka zana a cikin littafin farko, kamar su Asalin Zunubi, an haɓaka su dalla-dalla a cikin wannan juzu'in, inda sukar marubucin game da Kiristanci ta bayyana.

Duhu Matsala

Gilashin leken asiri

Balthamos ya ce a hankali, "- utarfafawa, Allah, Ubangiji, Yahweh, Shi, Adonai, Sarki, Uba, Madaukaki, sunaye ne da ya ɗora wa kansa. Shi mala'ika ne kamar mu, na farko, na gaskiya, mafi iko, amma an ƙirƙira shi daga ustura, kamar mu, kuma Durar ita ce kawai sunan da ya dace da abin da ke faruwa yayin da al'amari ya fara fahimtar kansa. Al'amarin yana son al'amari. Tana son sanin game da kanta, kuma an kafa Kura. Mala'ikun farko sun rashi daga Kura, kuma Ikon shine farkon su. Ya bayyana wa wadanda suka bi shi cewa ya halicce su, amma karya ce. Daya daga cikin wadanda suka bi shi, wata mace ce, ta fi shi hankali kuma ta gano gaskiya, sannan ya kore ta. Har yanzu muna bauta masa. Mulki ya ci gaba da mulki a cikin Masarautar; kuma Metatron ne mai mulkinta. "

Philip Pullman, "Lacgered Spyglass."

Gilashin leken asiri ita ce juzu'i na karshe, haka kuma mafi girman nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan fasalin. Hakanan mawuyacin hali ne, ba daidai ba a siyasance, kuma yanki ne na duka saga. Bayyana yaƙi da Hukuma, wani mahaluki wanda ya ayyana kansa allahn masu yawa, ba tare da ya halicce shi ba. A wannan ma'anar, tana ɗaukar wata alaƙa da demiurge na Kirista Gnosticism, mahaluƙi da ke hamayya da Allah, wanda yake ɗauke da mugunta, kuma yana ɗaure mutane da sha'awar abinsu.

El biyun tsakanin kimiyya da addini ana magance shi sosai fiye da yadda yake a cikin kundin farko biyu. Waɗannan layukan sun tabbatar da haka: “Na yi imani cewa zan iya yin ilimin lissafi don ɗaukakar Allah, har sai na fahimci cewa Allah ba ya wanzu kuma ilimin lissafi ya fi ban sha'awa fiye da yadda na yi tsammani. Addinin Kirista kuskure ne mai karfin gaske kuma mai gamsarwa, shi ke nan. "

Koyaya, littafin ba hujja ba ce kawai don kama tunanin marubucin. Kuna iya bincika su, ba shakka, amma ba kwa buƙatar jin daɗin labarin hakan yana nuna almara, wasan kwaikwayo, da ƙarfin hali a kowane ɓangare huɗu. Wannan littafin ma misalai ne, abin birgewa ne, tafiye tafiyen yara biyu, Will da Lyra, da yadda suka zama manya. Muna fuskantar babban saga, wanda babu shakka ya cancanci karantawa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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