Roald Dahl Words An sanya shi a cikin Kamus na Turanci na Oxford

Roald Dahl

Kwanakin baya da muke magana a ciki Adabin Yanzu game da wasu kalmomin da ya Oxford English kamus alama na Shakespeare nasa lokacin da aka tabbatar da cewa basu kasance kuma sun sanar dasu cewa zasuyi sabuntawa. Kuma kasan lokacin da muka gabata mun fada muku cewa na sani sun kasance shekaru 100 bayan haihuwar marubucin. Tunawa da shekaru 100, Kamus ɗin Turanci na Oxford  ya sanya sabbin kalmomi guda 6 wadanda marubuci Roald Dahl ya kirkira.

Roald Dahl koyaushe ana tuna shi saboda labaran yara masu banƙyama da kuma ƙirƙirar wasu ƙagaggun labaran da masu karatu suka fi so. Wasu daga cikin shahararrun taken nasa sune "Charlie da Chocolate Factory", "Matilda" da "James da Giant Peach", labaran inda ya yi amfani da yare na musamman don bayyana duniyan waɗannan littattafan, yana wasa da sautuka da lankwasa ƙa'idodin ilimin harshe don ƙirƙirar waɗannan sababbin kalmomi.

A cikin girmamawa cewa idan marubucin yana da rai a yau, da ya cika shekara 100, da Kamus na Turanci na Oxford ya yanke shawarar ƙara wasu shahararrun kalmomi da jimloli, ciki har da daga cikinsu shahararren «Oompa Lumpa». An shigar da waɗannan kalmomin a cikin sabuwar fitowar ta, wacce ke nan yanzu.

"Kasancewa cikin DEO (Kamus ɗin Turanci na Oxford) na kalmomi da yawa waɗanda aka kirkira kuma suka haɗu da Roald Dahl ya nuna duka tasirinsa a matsayin marubuci da salon sa mai kyau da kuma rarrabewa."

"Ga yara da yawa, ayyukan Roald Dahl ba wai kawai ya kasance ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka fara karantawa ba ne, har ma da farkon bayyanawarsu ga ikon ƙirƙirar harshe."

Akwai kalmomi shida waɗanda aka haɗa su cikin sabon kamus ɗin kuma waɗannan sune masu zuwa:

Dahlesque

Wannan kalmar tana nufin wani abu mai kama da halaye na ayyukan Dahl.

"Yawanci ana alakanta shi da makirci, muguwar ɗabi'a ko halayen manya masu banƙyama, da kuma baƙar fata ko mummunan abin dariya."

Golden Ticket

Tikitin Zinare, ko tikitin zinare a cikin Sifaniyanci, yana nufin sanannen tikitin da ya nuna 'ya'yan Charlie da masana'antar cakulan da suka ci nasarar masana'antar. A cikin kamus na Turanci an bayyana shi kamar haka:

"Tikitin da ke baiwa mai riƙewa wata kima ko kyauta ta musamman, ƙwarewar dama, da dai sauransu."

Dan wake

Bakin ɗan adam ko ɗan wake a cikin Mutanen Espanya kalmomin kuskure ne na kalmomin "mutum" (ɗan adam a cikin Sifen) wanda babban gwarzo yakan yi amfani da shi daga "Babban gwarzo mai kyakkyawar dabi'a." Koyaya, amfani na farko na '' wake na ɗan adam '' ya samo asali ne tun daga mujallar nan ta Ingila mai suna Punch, wacce ta yi amfani da wannan kalmar a cikin 1842.

Lambar Lafiya

Zai yiwu waɗannan su ne kalmomin farko da suke zuwa zuciya idan muka ambaci marubucin, wasu kalmomin da aka ƙera daga wasan kwaikwayon "Charlie da Chocolate Factory." Oompa Loompa ba komai bane face ma'aikatan Willy Wonka waɗanda za a iya gani a cikin fim ɗin Gene Wilder na 1971.

Rariya

Ba zan musunta cewa wahalar da ni ne rubuta kalmar ba, balle in furta ta. Asali an yi amfani da wannan kalmar a cikin "Theasaurus na Slang na Amurka" a cikin 1942 amma, a sake, ta zama kalma ta sake godiya ga bugawar "Babban Giabi'ar Goodabi'a Mai Kyau."

Lokacin mayu

Wiching hour ko Hora de las brujas a cikin Sifananci magana ce irin wacce Shakespeare yayi amfani da ita. A cikin Hamlet, marubucin ya yi amfani da kalmar "lokacin mayu" a karon farko, duk da haka, Dahl ne ya yi amfani da ƙaramin bambancin da ke canza lokaci zuwa sa'a kuma ya yi magana daban. Maimaita aiki, waɗannan kalmomin an samo su ne daga "Babban Kyakkyawan uredabi'a mai Kyau" kuma, a cewar ƙamus na Turanci na Oxford, ma'anar su kamar haka:

"Lokaci na musamman a tsakiyar dare, lokacin da kowane yaro da kowane baligi ke cikin barci mai nauyi kuma duk abubuwan duhu sun fito daga ɓoye saboda haka suna da duniya gaba ɗaya da kansu."

Kuma waɗannan sune kalmomi 6 ko haɗewar kalmomi waɗanda kwanan nan aka sanya su cikin ƙamus ɗin Turanci na Oxford.


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